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Beilstein @ GSU


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Beilstein @ GSU

  1. 1. <ul><li>Georgia State University </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Tomaszewski </li></ul><ul><li>Science Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Beilstein – Handbook of Organic Chemistry (1 st ed. 1881) </li></ul><ul><li>Gmelin – Handbook of Inorganic & Organometallic Chemistry (1 st ed. 1817) </li></ul><ul><li>MDL CrossFire Commander – One of interfaces to Beilstein & Gmelin. (STN, Dialog, other MDL) </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Today, &quot;Beilstein&quot; represents the Handbook, Beilstein Online, CrossFire, CrossFire plus Reactions, and CrossFire Gmelin, Autonom, Current Facts, and more. </li></ul>
  4. 7. <ul><li>Physical Properties </li></ul><ul><li>Reactions </li></ul><ul><li>Spectra </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>1881 - 1st Ed. Handbook of Organic Chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>By Friedrich Konrad Beilstein (Russian chemist) </li></ul><ul><li>1885 - 2nd edition </li></ul><ul><li>1906 - 3rd Ed. and death of Beilstein </li></ul><ul><li>1918 - 4th Ed. by German Chemical Society </li></ul><ul><li>1984-1998 - Print 5th Supple./4th Ed. (covers 1960-1979). </li></ul><ul><li>Only v. 17-27 (heterocycles) published (English). Ceased publication in 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>1994 - Beilstein CrossFire introduced. </li></ul><ul><li>(Handbuch migrated to a database in 1980’s). </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>2007 Elsevier acquired Beilstein database from frankfurt-based Beilstein Institute (full ownership) </li></ul><ul><li>1 st major open access chemistry journal – Beilstein J. of Organic Chemistry </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Organics (<255 “heavy” atoms) </li></ul><ul><li>Organometallics with Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba central atoms </li></ul><ul><li>Organometallic carbides, cyanides, cyanates, and thiocyanates with C-metal bonds </li></ul><ul><li>Since 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Biomolecules e.g. hormones, enzymes, & carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><li>Mixtures & Polymers </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Only about 50% of the compounds have CAS Registry Numbers. </li></ul><ul><li>Name searching is unreliable since Beilstein has relatively few synonyms. </li></ul><ul><li>Only sure search is a structure search. </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>1771-1959 - Comprehensive organic journal coverage. </li></ul><ul><li>1869-1959 – Comprehensive patent coverage. </li></ul><ul><li>1960-1979 - Patents & 2,000 journals selectively reviewed. </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>1980-1994 – Cut back to 80 prime journals increasing over time to 120 journals (no patents). </li></ul><ul><li>1980+ - Abstracts included. </li></ul><ul><li>1995 - Increased to 180 journals, especially adding ecotox & pharmacology coverage. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently ~220 journals covered. </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>Inorganics </li></ul><ul><li>Switched to English in ~1982 </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1971 </li></ul><ul><li>Organometallics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>except Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Mg, Ca, Sr, & Ba central atoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incl. metal-carbon bonds except carbides, cyanides, cyanates, and thiocyanates. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>1996 – Gmelin CrossFire introduced. </li></ul><ul><li>1997 – Gmelin Inst. closed. Print version ceased. </li></ul><ul><li>1995-1999 – Data gap: minimal coverage in online database. </li></ul><ul><li>2000+ - Gmelin CrossFire produced by Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker and supplied by MDL. </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>~10 million compounds </li></ul><ul><li>with up to ~425 properties (fields) </li></ul><ul><li>~36 million “facts” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>~18 million properties & spectra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~9 million eco-toxicological/pharmacology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~9 million reaction details (temp, press, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>~10 million reactions </li></ul><ul><li>~2 million literature references </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>2.1 million compounds with up to ~500 properties (fields) </li></ul><ul><li>1.6 million reactions </li></ul><ul><li>1.1 million literature references </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>Beilstein </li></ul><ul><li>Beilstein covers primarily the chemical literature focused on organic chemistry dating back as far as 1771 </li></ul><ul><li>Beilstein covers the chemical literature in which scientific data is presented, providing all the data presented in each published article as given by the original authors. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though Beilstein has covered &quot;classical&quot; chemistry for most of the 19th and 20th centuries, as it moves into the 21st century it has responded to the needs of the chemical community and expanded its coverage of the literature to include toxicological and physiological effects of chemicals. </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Abstracts (CA) </li></ul><ul><li>CA covers virtually all of the chemical literature - organic, inorganic, physical, analytical, polymer, materials part of the ACS back to1907 </li></ul><ul><li>CA covers the literature primarily from a very different and valuable perspective by providing an abstract and a summary that is a synopsis of each article. </li></ul>
  16. 19. Beilstein & Gmelin SciFinder Scholar ® Purely chemistry (inorg./org./orgmetal.) Chemistry very broadly defined 1771+ 1900+ Strength older literature & properties Strength currency & scope Richly featured, high learning curve Very intuitive, functionality slightly limited 1 record per compound 1 record per citation Updated quarterly Updated daily LitLink for full-text ChemPort for full-text
  17. 20. <ul><li>By structure or sub-structure </li></ul><ul><li>By numerical values of properties </li></ul><ul><li>By text, e.g. bibliographic information </li></ul><ul><li>By browsing indexes </li></ul>