Point of View Understanding a Writer’s Persona created by Mrs. Yardley
Definition <ul><li>The perspective or vantage point from which a story is told </li></ul><ul><li>The choice is deliberate </li></ul>
Participant Point of View <ul><li>Sometimes called “First-Person” point of view </li></ul><ul><li>Uses first person pronouns (I, we, me, my, our) </li></ul><ul><li>The narrator is a character in the story </li></ul>I saw the clouds.
Pros/Cons of 1 st Person <ul><li>Offers immediacy </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator is an eyewitness </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator can make judgments </li></ul><ul><li>Can only tell what he/she observes </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot enter the minds of other characters </li></ul><ul><li>Observations may be inaccurate </li></ul>
Non-Participant Point of View <ul><li>Sometimes called “Third-Person” point of view </li></ul><ul><li>Uses third person pronouns (he, him, she, her, they, them) </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator is not a character in the story </li></ul>He signed his name
Omniscient Narrator <ul><li>The author can enter the minds of the characters </li></ul><ul><li>Can describe what all characters are thinking and feeling </li></ul>
Objective Narrator <ul><li>Never enters a character’s mind </li></ul><ul><li>Records only what is seen and heard (like a hidden camera) </li></ul><ul><li>Allows inferences to be made by the readers </li></ul>
Objective Example Sunset Towers faced east and had no towers. This glittery, glassy apartment house stood alone on the Lake Michigan shore five stories high. Five empty stories high.
Omniscient Example Grace stood before the front window where, beyond the road, beyond the trees, Lake Michigan lay calm and glistening. A lake view! Just wait until those so-called friends of hers with their classy houses see this place.
Omniscient or Objective The two children stepped out. They squinted down the shadowy passage, searching for a door, a recess, any place where someone could be hiding. Emma’s foot touched an empty jar and it rolled away, filling the passage with a loud rumble.
Omniscient or Objective On September first the chosen ones moved in. A wire fence had been erected long the north side of the building; on it a sign warned: NO TRESPASSING— Property of the Westing estate . The newly paved driveway curved sharply and double back on itself rather than breach the city-county line.
Omniscient or Objective The stocky, broad-shouldered man in the doorman’s uniform, standing with feet spread, fists on hips, was Sandy McSouthers. The two slim, trim high-school seniors, shielding their eyes against the stinging chill, were Theo Theodorakis and Doug Hoo. The small, wiry man pointing to the house on the hill was Otis Amber, the 62-year old delivery boy.
Omniscient or Objective So far so good, Jake thought. This girl was bugged by cursing and smoking. He had news for her. He intended to do a whole lot of both. He took a long drag on his cigarette and blew the smoke at her again. She turned away and moved down to the other end of the porch steps.
Omniscient or Objective The boy slouching against the porch railing had scarlet spiked hair, a silver ring through one dark brown eyebrow, and too many earrings to count. He was dressed entirely in black—black T-shirt, black jeans, black high-top running shoes—and the look in his eyes was pure mean.
Omniscient or Objective Not an original bone in his body, E.D. thought. Just a plain ordinary delinquent.
Omniscient or Objective Charlie realized, to his horror, that he was holding his mother’s magazine. On the cover, a woman in pink underwear held a kitten. Charlie felt very hot. He knew his face must be bright red.
Omniscient or Objective Blood. Josh could taste it. Smell it. He lay on his side, his left cheek pressed against the earth, the icy rain pinging on his face…He knew he could not stay where he was, but wasn’t at all sure he could stand, much less walk.
Omniscient or Objective The animal she was chasing was a goat. A smelly one. As fast as it had galloped by, it had left its odor very clearly on the air. Goat and girl disappeared around the bend in the drive, but the shouting and yelping went on, getting fainter and fainter.
Review <ul><li>Define the term Point of View </li></ul><ul><li>An author’s choice of POV is ____________. </li></ul><ul><li>Name 3 characteristics of Participant POV </li></ul><ul><li>Name 3 characteristics of Omniscient POV </li></ul><ul><li>Name 3 characteristics of Objective POV </li></ul><ul><li>From which POV is your current self-selected book written? </li></ul>
Acknowledgements <ul><li>Text excerpts taken from: The Westing Game by Ellen Raskin; Surviving the Applewhites by Stephanie Tolan; Coraline by Neil Gaiman and Midnight for Charlie Bone by Jenny Nimmo </li></ul>