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Solid is a state ofSolid is a state of
matter in whichmatter in which
the constitutingthe constituting
particles areparticles are
arrangedarranged veryvery
closely. Theclosely. The
constituentconstituent
particles can beparticles can be
atoms, moleculesatoms, molecules
or ions.or ions.
IONIC COVALENT METALLIC MOLECULAR
POLAR-POLAR
MOLECULAR
SOLID
NON POLAR-NON POLAR
MOLECULAR
SOLID
HYDROGEN BONDED
MOLECULAR
SOLID
They have an irregular shape.
They have a short range order.
They gradually soften over a
range of temperature
They are isotropic in nature
They don’t have clean
cleavage properties
They are called pseudo solids
or super cooled liquids.
The fixed positions on
which the constituent
particles are present are
called lattice points or
lattice sites. A group of
lattice points which when
repeated over and over
again in 3 dimensions give
the complete crystal
lattice.
UNIT CELL
PRIMITIVE BODY CENTERED FACE CENTERED END CENTERED
a. Primitive or simple unit cells have constituent particles only at
its corners.
b. Centered unit cells are those unit cells in which one or more
constituent particles are present at positions in addition to those
present at the corners.
The centered unit cells are of three types:
i. Face centered unit cell: A face centered unit cell consists of one
constituent particle present at the centre of each face in addition
to those present at the corners.
ii. Body centered unit cell: A body centered unit cell consists of a
one
constituent particle is present at its body centre in addition to
those present at the corners. Get the Power of Visual Impact on
your side
TYPES OF UNIT CELLS
PRIMITIVE
(1/8)X8=1
BODY CENTERED
1/8X8+1=2
FACE CENTERED
(1/8)X8+1/2X6=4
END CENTERED
(1/8)X8+1/2X2=2
SQUARE CLOSE PACKING
IN 2D
HEXAGONALCLOSE
PACKING IN 2D
CLOSE PACKING IN 3D
WHEN ATOMS OF THIRD LAYER PLACED ON ALL THE
TETRAHEDRAL VOIDS OF 2D STRUCTURE
hcp and ccp
TYPES OF VOIDS IN HEXAGONAL
CLOSE PACKING
TETRAHEDRAL VOIDS
OCTAHEDRAL VOIDS
S104
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S104

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. Solid is a state ofSolid is a state of matter in whichmatter in which the constitutingthe constituting particles areparticles are arrangedarranged veryvery closely. Theclosely. The constituentconstituent particles can beparticles can be atoms, moleculesatoms, molecules or ions.or ions.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7. IONIC COVALENT METALLIC MOLECULAR POLAR-POLAR MOLECULAR SOLID NON POLAR-NON POLAR MOLECULAR SOLID HYDROGEN BONDED MOLECULAR SOLID
  • 8.
  • 9. They have an irregular shape. They have a short range order. They gradually soften over a range of temperature They are isotropic in nature They don’t have clean cleavage properties They are called pseudo solids or super cooled liquids.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. The fixed positions on which the constituent particles are present are called lattice points or lattice sites. A group of lattice points which when repeated over and over again in 3 dimensions give the complete crystal lattice.
  • 15.
  • 16. UNIT CELL PRIMITIVE BODY CENTERED FACE CENTERED END CENTERED
  • 17. a. Primitive or simple unit cells have constituent particles only at its corners. b. Centered unit cells are those unit cells in which one or more constituent particles are present at positions in addition to those present at the corners. The centered unit cells are of three types: i. Face centered unit cell: A face centered unit cell consists of one constituent particle present at the centre of each face in addition to those present at the corners. ii. Body centered unit cell: A body centered unit cell consists of a one constituent particle is present at its body centre in addition to those present at the corners. Get the Power of Visual Impact on your side TYPES OF UNIT CELLS
  • 19. SQUARE CLOSE PACKING IN 2D HEXAGONALCLOSE PACKING IN 2D
  • 20. CLOSE PACKING IN 3D WHEN ATOMS OF THIRD LAYER PLACED ON ALL THE TETRAHEDRAL VOIDS OF 2D STRUCTURE
  • 21.
  • 23. TYPES OF VOIDS IN HEXAGONAL CLOSE PACKING