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Types ofTypes of
RobotsRobots
Some Literature
Motorola books not for
this year
Contents about robot types in book
• Topics:Topics:
• – Driving Robots
– Differential steering, synchro-drive, tracked vehicles
• – Omni-Directional Robots
– Mecanum wheels
• – Flying RobotsFlying Robots
– Sensors, structure
• – Balancing RobotsBalancing Robots
– Inverted pendulum
• – Walking RobotsWalking Robots
– 6-legged walking robots, biped android robots
Contents
• 0. Introduction
• 1. Driving Robots
• 2. Flying Robots
• 3. Balancing Robots
• 4. Walking Robots
ManipulatorsManipulators
Service RobotsService Robots
Mobile Robot Design
• Mobile robots can be:
• Driving
• Walking
• Swimming
• Diving
• Flying
Mobile Robot Mechanical DesignMobile Robot Mechanical Design
ControllersControllers
Our past projects control.Our past projects control.
ExamplesExamples
• Controller on a robot – autonomous.
Lynxmotion hexapod. Hexor
• PC connected to controller by wire.
Controller on a robot. Humanoid scientific
robot theatre (current project 2007)
• PC connected to controller by wireless.
Controller on robot. (Robot soccer 2002)
• Multi-processor architecture for many
robots – Hahoe robot theatre.
Micro-Micro-
robotsrobots
The Ants
A Community of Microrobots
Solette and Hopette
Mandibles...
Social Behaviour Clustering Around FoodSocial Behaviour Clustering Around Food
Social Behaviour Clustering Around
Food
Multi-Purpose HumanoidMulti-Purpose Humanoid
RobotsRobots
This is our long-term goalThis is our long-term goal.
First goals:
- Walking man (small)
- Walking horse (big)
- Torso (MuVal)
The most famous world’sThe most famous world’s
robotrobot
Honda’s Robot
Honda’s Robot
Fiction to realityFiction to reality
Now we can
compare
Fiction toFiction to
Reality:Reality:
RURRUR
• "Gort" from
the movie
"The Day
The Earth
Stood Still."
• ""
Commander DataCommander Data
" from Star" from Star
Trek, anTrek, an
android robotandroid robot
with awith a
"positronic"positronic
brain."brain."
Fiction to Reality:Fiction to Reality:
Intelligent RobotIntelligent Robot
DefinitionDefinition
• Knowledge Acquisition Capabilities
• Sensors
• Cameras
• Radar
• Tactile Sensors
• Infrared etc.
• Decision Making System
• Artificial Intelligence
COG
MIT, AI LABMIT, AI LAB
COG
system has
been
demonstrat
ed on
autonomou
s learning
tasks
Rodney Brooks with COG
If you cannot afford to build aIf you cannot afford to build a
human…..human…..
….and this
brings us
back to…..
ENTERTAINMENTENTERTAINMENT
• Robots are seen on T.V. (Star Trek - The Next
Generation) and in the movies (The Day the
Earth Stood Still, Forbidden Planet, Lost in
Space, Blade Runner, Star Wars).
• These imaginary robots do a lot of things that
the real ones can not do.
• Some robots in movies, video and computer
games are made to attack people.
From a puppet theatre: Turtle
•Head of
Japanese
Robot
•And
What
About
these?
• Marylin
Monroe
without
cloths ...and
skin, with
her creator
• There exist
several
companies that
build
entertainment
robots
A leg
A Head
TOYSTOYS
• The new
robot
technology is
making
interesting
types of toys
that children
will like to
play with:
• "FURBY",
which
became
available in
stores for
Christmas
1998 - and
continues to
be very
popular.
TOYSTOYS
• "
LEGO MINDSTORMS
" robot
construction kit.
These kits,
which were
developed by
the LEGO
company with
M.I.T. scientists,
let kids create
and program
their own
The $1 million-dollar MitsubishiThe $1 million-dollar Mitsubishi
robot fish.robot fish.
Spiritual
Robots?
What did we learn?What did we learn?
• Many types of robots exist.
• Progress of technology allows now to build an
Intelligent Robot with Perception and Manipulation
under $1000.
• There are several kits for high school robotics.
• Robotics allows to explain ideas of control, software,
sensors, motors and other effectors, image
processing, pattern recognition, machine learning and
Artificial Intelligence
• Small robot that you can build in a classroom can
explain all important principles at a fraction of cost
• You are no longer restricted to robotic arms, kits allow
Possible ProgrammingPossible Programming
ProjectsProjects
• Select your favourite robot: Space, military, medical, etc
• Create a model of your robot: use your knowledge of
trigonometry to describe kinematics of your robot
• Find on WWW a graphics package, you can use AUTO-CAD
with Lisp
• Visualize the movements of your robot using the graphic
package
• Do the tele-remote interface to your robot. When you use the
mouse or joystick or keyboard, the robot executes respective
commands
Sources
Paul Hannah

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20007.0002.week1 types-of-robots