The Library in Your Pocket: Mobile Trends for Libraries

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Talk for Western New York Library Resources Council's "Gadgets and Gear: A Tech Gathering" - May 7, 2010

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  • My partner is cheating on me and i was so worried about this. I contact the God Eye and she end my misery immediately and quickly uncover the truth about what’s been going on behind my back and a friend of mine introduced me to a best hacker named Mrs Valerie whiteman,I've come to understand that genuine hackers always have tools handy to work with, no genuine hacker will ask you to pay for tools before your work is done, don't fall for their lies, I have been jacked several times by all these fake assholes. So i met valerie and she actually solved my problem, i was in dire need of a hacker to monitor my wife's activities online, she was able to reveal my infidel wife's activities, for that I am grateful to her, she offers services ranging from Facebook, whatsapp, emails, Twitter, Kik, imo, cell phone, website hacks, changing DMV records, background checks, locating individuals, expunging criminal records and so much more, if you are in dire need of a hacker you should contact this lady she is smart with her services and takes payment at the point of delivery, i had to write this about her, tell her james reviewed her when she starts asking questions. "valeriewhite4567@gmail.com" that her contact info.... thank me later.
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  • Njce! Thanks for sharing.
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  • Hi Dear,

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  • Useful overview
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  • Brilliant!!!! WOW~! Groundbreaking stuff here! - easy to digest text and tastes frankly Nom nom! I'm going to quote it in my blog and give my readers a small nibble but I'll urge them to try the whole thing....113 yummy slides of amazing information about a topic that is NOT going away....Thank you for this~ BTW...are you going to be in DENVER for ISTE10?
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The Library in Your Pocket: Mobile Trends for Libraries

  1. The Library in Your Pocket: Mobile Trends for Libraries Meredith Farkas Norwich University http://www.flickr.com/photos/williambrawley/4310319103/
  2. What is a mobile device? <ul><li>Handheld computing device. </li></ul>http://userpages.umbc.edu/~nohe/Indicium/Ref/RUDI_KROLLOP.JPG
  3. Types of mobile devices: PDA <ul><li>Personal Digital Assistant </li></ul><ul><li>Originally designed for organizing one’s appointments and contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Next most became able to connect to the web </li></ul><ul><li>Now, most are phones as well </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Palm, iPhone, Blackberry, iPod Touch. </li></ul>
  4. Types of mobile devices: Smartphone <ul><li>Mobile phone that also has computing functionality. </li></ul><ul><li>Many PDAs are also smartphones. </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/frerieke/4103923606/
  5. Types of mobile devices: Web-enabled cell phone <ul><li>Smaller form factor, much smaller screen for browsing. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people who have </li></ul><ul><li>one don’t have a data plan </li></ul><ul><li>so don’t use web </li></ul><ul><li>functionality. </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/hendry/2270400837/
  6. Ultra-mobile PCs, netbooks, smartbooks, etc. <ul><li>Very small PCs with full keyboards </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: EEE PC, Cloudbook, Dell Inspiron Mini Note, Lenovo IdeaPad </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/roland/1877130857/
  7. RIM iPhone Android Windows Mobile Symbian
  8. Why should you care about mobile devices? <ul><li>4.1 billion SMS messages being sent daily </li></ul><ul><li>Over 276 million wireless users (source: CITA Wireless Industry Survey, 2009). </li></ul><ul><li>32% of Americans have used a cell phone or Smartphone to access the internet this year (source: Pew, April 2009). </li></ul><ul><li>The mobile device will be the primary connection tool to the internet for most people by 2020. (Source: Pew, Dec. 2008). </li></ul>
  9. Why should you care about mobile devices? <ul><li>2009 NMC/Educause Horizon Report named mobile devices one of the major trends in education with an adoption horizon of one year or less. </li></ul><ul><li>More than half of undergraduates own an internet-capable mobile device (source: ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and IT, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>94% of students send & receive text messages (source: Ball State University, 2009). </li></ul>
  10. Where educational institutions stand <ul><ul><ul><li>Source: Educause. (2009). Spreading the Word: Messaging and Communications in Higher Education. http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/EKF/EKF0902.pdf </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. Mobile Trends
  12. The app boom <ul><li>Apps – programs for smartphones. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Games, productivity software, social networking clients, news clients, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some come pre-installed, most are downloaded from the Web. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some free, many $$$ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Apps built for individual mobile platforms (Android, iPhone, Windows Mobile, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Forecast: $1.6 billion in app sales for 2010 (Yankee Research Group, March 2010). </li></ul>
  13. App bust on the way? <ul><li>HTML5/CSS3/JavaScript – offers the ability to run web applications regardless of O/S and without plugins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes native support for video and other media. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Apple keeps a tight lid on what can and can’t be offered through the iTunes store. Some carriers have similar limits. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Voice app was rejected from the iTunes store, so Google bypassed them by making a web-based version using HTML5. </li></ul>
  14. Mobile social software <ul><li>Three types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social software that can be used on mobile devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social software designed primarily for mobile devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social software specifically designed for mobile devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most are location-aware </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15.  
  16. Twitter <ul><li>Microblogging – sharing information in 140 characters or less </li></ul><ul><li>People “follow” your Twitter feed and get updates of your news and that of their other friends chronologically </li></ul><ul><li>Hugely popular </li></ul><ul><li>Can use via web, cell phone, desktop apps, IM, etc. </li></ul>
  17. 2D Barcodes http://www.flickr.com/photos/clevercupcakes/3985603967/
  18. 2D Barcodes <ul><li>QR (Quick Response) codes – most common. </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft entering barcode realm with Tag </li></ul><ul><li>Scan to access information or take action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pull up text content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dial a phone number or send a txt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pull up a web page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pulls up images or video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pulls up a poll or survey </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need a QR code reader. </li></ul>
  19. QR Codes <ul><li>View demo </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GOgyC8liCfg&NR=1 </li></ul>
  20. http://www.flickr.com/photos/markcph/4427533643/
  21. QR Codes <ul><li>Very big in Japan, growing in use in Europe. Not big in U.S. yet. </li></ul><ul><li>In U.S. mainly see on products, </li></ul><ul><li>sometimes museums. </li></ul><ul><li>Google is putting QR codes at </li></ul><ul><li>local businesses with link to the </li></ul><ul><li>business’ Google Place page. </li></ul>
  22. QR code generators and readers <ul><li>Generators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kaywa http://qrcode.kaywa.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>QR Stuff http://www.qrstuff.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>i-nigma http://www.i-nigma.com/personal/Create.asp </li></ul></ul>
  23. <ul><li>Readers (multiplatform) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kaywa http://reader.kaywa.com/getit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quickmark http://www.quickmark.com.tw/En/basic/download.asp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>i-nigma http://www.i-nigma.com/GetReader.asp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beetagg http://www.beetagg.com/ </li></ul></ul>
  24. Location-aware mobile technologies <ul><li>Uses GPS, compass, RFID, etc. to determine where a user’s orientation to other people, places, things, etc. </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/psd/21055837/
  25. RFID and mobile phones <ul><li>Allows devices to interact over short distances </li></ul><ul><li>iPhone 4G may be RFID-enabled </li></ul><ul><li>Use your phone as your library card, credit card, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Interact with RFID-enabled objects http://vimeo.com/4147129 </li></ul>
  26. Location-aware apps - Zillow <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rJfrdcbfXsc </li></ul>
  27. Location-aware apps – Around Me
  28. Location-aware apps – AAA Discounts
  29. Location-aware apps - Loopt
  30. Location-aware mobile games
  31. Foursquare
  32. Other location-aware mobile games <ul><li>Gowalla http://gowalla.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Whrrl http://whrrl.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>MyTown http://www.booyah.com </li></ul>
  33. Augmented Reality <ul><li>Blending data with what you see in the real world. </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/turkletom/4325703868/
  34. Augmented reality: The future is here! <ul><li>http://commoncraft.com/augmented-reality-video </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/fotologic/3862190141/
  35. Acrossair <ul><li>Lots of different apps built on top of this augmented reality browser (nearby tweets, New York Subway, nearby bars, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/acrossair </li></ul>
  36. Layar <ul><li>Allows developers to build layers of data on top of the live video on your phone. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b64_16K2e08 </li></ul>
  37. Yelp
  38. TwittAround <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Vbh7nHalCc&feature=player_embedded </li></ul>
  39. Google Goggles
  40. Other augmented reality tools <ul><li>Tat Augmented ID http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tb0pMeg1UN0&feature=player_embedded </li></ul><ul><li>Lego store http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=91fXp1P5aoY&feature=player_embedded </li></ul>
  41. Library Services for Mobile Users
  42. First, assess <ul><li>What mobile technologies do your patrons use? </li></ul><ul><li>How many access the web via a mobile device? Which one(s) are most prevalent? </li></ul><ul><li>What social technologies do your patrons use? </li></ul><ul><li>What library services would users actually want to use via a mobile device? </li></ul><ul><li>What library services can you make accessible via a mobile device? </li></ul>
  43. Mobile Library Content
  44. Library Website <ul><li>Questions to ask: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you create a separate mobile version of your site or just serve up a different style sheet based on the device? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you design for the most commonly-used smartphones or also design for web-enabled mobile devices (small screens)? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you use a detection algorithm to redirect mobile users to the mobile site or make them go to a separate URL? </li></ul></ul>
  45. Design tips <ul><li>Break information into tasks and let users drill down to what they need (not too many clicks!). </li></ul><ul><li>Put most-used content at the top. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize scrolling. </li></ul><ul><li>Icons and text links are better than either alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Shorten text to minimal amount needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize the need to type whenever possible. </li></ul>
  46. What to include on mobile website <ul><li>Depends on library and what users actually use. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catalog search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Databases/federated search if they have mobile interfaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Circ info (due dates, holds) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Room/computer reservations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference info/widgets/forms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Links to useful mobile content </li></ul></ul>
  47. Great mobile library websites
  48. University of Minnesota
  49. NCSU
  50. Orange County Library System
  51. Oregon State
  52. Services to mobify your site <ul><li>Auto-generate device-specific versions of your existing website. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Site Generator  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MobileMicro (Mosio)  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mobilizer from dotMobi   </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MyMobileWeb  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HAWHAW  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unity Mobile  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google Mobile adapter  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usablenet Assistive  </li></ul></ul></ul>
  53. Emulators/Simulators <ul><li>Allow you to view your page in various mobile browsers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opera mobile browser emulator , another Opera browser emulator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iPhone  - iPhone developer kit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nokia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Android </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Palm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows Mobile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blackberry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobi Emulator (multiplatform) </li></ul></ul>
  54. Library apps <ul><li>Users can install and easily access specific library functions/info. </li></ul><ul><li>For smartphones. </li></ul><ul><li>A few examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search IU (Indiana University) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stanford iApps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harper County Public Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adelphi University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice University </li></ul></ul>
  55. DC Public Library
  56. University of Houston Libraries
  57. Minuteman Library Network
  58. Cornell University
  59. Mobile catalog search <ul><li>WorldCat Local (Boopsie) </li></ul><ul><li>SirsiDynix (BookMyne) – for iPhone </li></ul><ul><li>III (AirPac) </li></ul><ul><li>Polaris (Mobile PAC) </li></ul><ul><li>LibraryThing (Library Anywhere) </li></ul><ul><li>Serials Solutions (Summon) – web-scale discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Build it yourself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create plain-text translation </li></ul></ul>
  60. Content <ul><li>Here are some of the major vendors offering mobile interfaces: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Institute of Physics iResearch iPhone application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EBSCOhost Mobile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hoover's Mobile company information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IEEE XPlore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lexis/Nexis Get Cases and Shepardize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PubMed for Handhelds medical database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questia iPhone application (iTunes link) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refworks Mobile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Westlaw legal research database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EBL Ebook Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OverDrive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safari Books Online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amazon Kindle for the iPhone (US Only) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zotero </li></ul></ul>
  61. Content: Special collections <ul><li>WolfWalk http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/wolfwalk/ </li></ul><ul><li>Duke Mobile Digital Collections http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iHK3E4N7w6o </li></ul>
  62. Content: Special Collections <ul><li>Use Flickr to show off historic photos </li></ul>
  63. Content: Devices
  64.  
  65. Location-aware tools <ul><li>SmartLibrary (Oulu University, Finland) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Map-based tool that helps users locate a specific bookshelf in the library. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobile Oxford Portal (UK) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Combines information from library catalogues with the location sensing incorporated into many mobile devices allowing users to find the nearest copy of a particular book.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Durham (UK) Technology-Enhanced Campus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Using wireless technology to provide personalised and location-specific information to students within the campus area.” </li></ul></ul>
  66. QR Codes <ul><li>Provide additional information on physical resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GeoHistorian Project http://www.rcet.org/dvcproject/geohistorian.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read-alikes of popular books (Contra Costa County Library) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>QR codes in the stacks to take users to the mobile catalog (Columbus Metropolitan Library) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical images of buildings, locations, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pull up or bookmark a website with more info </li></ul></ul>
  67.  
  68. Augmented reality or RFID for mobiles <ul><li>Not happening in libraries yet. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shows you what subjects are available on a particular bookshelf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scanning over a book takes you to a summary of the book and ratings/reviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scanning over a device will bring up instructional content. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Going up to a journal will bring up the e-version </li></ul></ul>
  69. Txt a call number
  70. Txt a call number (cont’d) <ul><li>University of Bath and University of Huddersfield (UK) have QR codes in the catalog. </li></ul>
  71. RSS to txt <ul><li>RSS feeds can be converted to SMS messages. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Library news </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Events (at different branches, for different populations) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New books in a specific subject or query </li></ul></ul>
  72. Mobile Reference and Instruction
  73. SMS reference <ul><li>Not limited by location (point of need) </li></ul><ul><li>Messages need to be short (150 characters or less) </li></ul><ul><li>Patrons may be charged for messages they send and receive </li></ul><ul><li>Only useful for brief transactions </li></ul><ul><li>IM reference can also be done on most smartphones (Mobile AIM, libraryh3lp, etc.) </li></ul>
  74.  
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  78.  
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  80.  
  81. Roving reference
  82. Research Tips via SMS
  83. Screencasts <ul><li>Movie taken of your desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Good for demonstrating library databases, website, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Audio narration, captioning, highlighting, spotlighting, interactive components </li></ul><ul><li>Various export options (depending on software) </li></ul><ul><li>Example: http://library2.norwich.edu/guide/index.php/How_to_Use_Academic_Search_Premier </li></ul>
  84. Podcasts <ul><li>MP3+RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library/university/community news </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book reviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children’s stories </li></ul></ul>
  85. Library tours UIUC Undergraduate Library Tour (iphone app)
  86. http://library.duke.edu/support/renovation/tours.html
  87. Instructional videos <ul><li>Library orientation video </li></ul><ul><li>How-to’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use library equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get on the wireless </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find things in the library </li></ul></ul>
  88. QR Codes
  89. http://splcen.blogspot.com/
  90.  
  91. http://www.flickr.com/photos/5volt/2200733213/
  92. http://hhhl.wordpress.com/2010/03/03/follow-the-code/
  93. Other ideas for QR codes <ul><li>Send a text to the reference librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Library tours </li></ul><ul><li>Library scavenger hunts for orientation </li></ul>
  94. Mobile Marketing
  95. Twitter
  96. Library announcements, news, events
  97. Promote/recommend materials
  98. Share relevant local info
  99. Info for specific population
  100. Interact with patrons
  101. Librarians on Twitter <ul><li>Twitter is a great professional development and networking tool. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build relationships with bright, tech-savvy librarians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn about new resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Query the hive </li></ul></ul>
  102. How to get a following on Twitter Be a filter for interesting info (link and retweet) Engage in conversation (@ people) Promote your content
  103. QR Codes
  104.  
  105.  
  106.  
  107.  
  108. Foursquare <ul><li>Add an entry for your library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To-do lists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Offer prizes for the most library visits (the Mayor) </li></ul>
  109. Library promotions on foursquare http://www.flickr.com/photos/darienlibrary/4568096149/
  110. Foursquare <ul><li>Add an entry for your library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To-do lists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Offer prizes for the most library visits (the Mayor) </li></ul><ul><li>Know who your power-users are and reach out to them via Twitter </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard: Encourage students to explore campus </li></ul><ul><li>UNC: Campus dining shares info via Foursquare </li></ul>
  111. Foursquare business metrics
  112. SMS Notifications <ul><li>News </li></ul><ul><li>Events </li></ul><ul><li>New books by subject </li></ul><ul><li>When a hold is available for pickup </li></ul><ul><li>Due dates/overdue notices </li></ul><ul><li>MUST BE OPT-IN! </li></ul>
  113. Questions? Links and slides at http://meredithfarkas.wetpaint.com Gmail: mgfarkas Twitter/Flickr/FriendFeed/AIM: librarianmer

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