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From Reputation to Citation: Varying Roles for Scholarly Metrics

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Altmetrics and bibliometrics uses and best practices.

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From Reputation to Citation: Varying Roles for Scholarly Metrics

  1. 1. From Reputation to Citation: Varying Roles for Scholarly Metrics Elaine M. Lasda, MLS CAS Associate Librarian, University at Albany Special Libraries Association July 18, 2017
  2. 2. What I’m Going to Say: • Types of metrics/approaches for assessing research impact • Reputation • Bibliometric • Altmetric • Appropriate Usage and Best Practices • Grassroots Movements • Some common sense objectives https://www.amazon.com/Make- Your-Bed-Little- Things/dp/1455570249
  3. 3. Why “Impact”? https://flic.kr/p/SHujQt
  4. 4. Maximizing Research Impact Workshop • Author Identifiers (ORCID) •Bibliometrics (oldies, goodies and freebies) • Open Access Scholarship • Altmetrics • Three Quick Hits •ORCID •Scholars Archive (IR) •Author Profile in WoS/Scopus/GS
  5. 5. “Reputation” approach https://flic.kr/p/JTndV5
  6. 6. “Squishy” Reputation Approaches • Colleagues – word of mouth • Colleagues – published surveys • Ulrich’s – content indexed in what dbs • Editorial Board composition • Peer researchers have published there • Published scholarly surveys of disciplinary experts
  7. 7. Caveats of Reputation Approach • Subjective • Overlook new journals/output platforms • Rely heavily on/misuse JIF metric • Survey methodologies vary & don’t always exist • Info can be outdated
  8. 8. Traditional citation metrics https://flic.kr/p/9XtEKC
  9. 9. Bibliometrics: Context and Background Pritchard, A. (1969). Statistical bibliography or bibliometrics. Journal of Documentation, 25, 348-9.
  10. 10. Traditional-ish • Citation count • JIF • SNIP/SJR • h-index/e-index, g-index, etc. • i-10
  11. 11. New(er) Citation-Based Tools • Cross disciplinary metrics • InCites • CiteScore • Viz! • Manuscript Matcher • PoP
  12. 12. Caveats of bibliometrics • Self citations • “Cartels” of scholars, journals • Significant variation in source datasets • Quality control vs. Inclusivity • Static or rigid disciplinary categories •emerging fields •inter- and multidisciplinary fields
  13. 13. Altmetrics (with a small “a”)
  14. 14. What are altmetrics? • ImpactStory https://impactstory.org/u/0000-0002-9498-7074 • Altmetric • Bookmarklet: https://www.altmetric.com/products/free-tools/bookmarklet • Scholars Archive “donut” http://scholarsarchive.library.albany.edu/ulib_fac_scholar/11/ http://scholarsarchive.library.albany.edu/ulib_fac_scholar/18/ • PlumX In Ebscohost databases http://libproxy.albany.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true &bquery=(altmetrics+AND+are+AND+awesome)&type=0&site=eds-live&scope=site • Bought by Elseiver
  15. 15. Altmetrics: More of a Reputation or Citation Approach? https://flic.kr/p/5xgQBY
  16. 16. If a Tweet mentions your paper, does it make an impact? https://flic.kr/p/5xgQBY
  17. 17. Role of Altmetrics More of a quantifiable “reputation” indicator than empirical evidence of use Can overcome caveats of more “squishy” reputation approaches • Trendsetting/Immediacy • Transcends disciplinary “silos” • Can generate mainstream traction/impact • Leads (hopefully) to increased impact in scholarly peer reviewed literature (ie, boosts one’s citation count)
  18. 18. Caveats of altmetric approaches •Not Standardized •Transparency varies • Which scholars are on what platforms? •Who else is looking where our scholars look? •Proprietary academic social media •ResearchGate, Academia.edu, Mendeley, etc.
  19. 19. Whither “Gaming”? https://flic.kr/p/6mzCJk https://flic.kr/p/6mzCJk https://flic.kr/p/6mzCJk
  20. 20. Appropriate Usage of Scholarly Metrics
  21. 21. Rubber-Meets-the-Road Impact Schemas
  22. 22. Scholarly Metrics Best Practices • Use transparent methodologies • Supplemental to expert qualitative evaluation • Altmetrics serve as a reputation measure (for now) • Citation Metrics remain a more empirical measure • Contextualize the metric to your need • (institution, discipline, peer groups, country/region, journal, other?)
  23. 23. What I just talked about • Workshop to address researcher/scholar needs on campus • Reputation and empirical (citation) impact assessments are complementary • Gaming happens with all measures, as does dirty data • New approaches measure tangible outcomes of scholarly activity • Best practices include transparent methods, contextualized interpretation, and usage that is supplemental to expert qualitative evaluation (no magic numbers!!!)
  24. 24. Heeeere’s Richard! Elaine M. Lasda University at Albany elasda@albany.edu @ElaineLibrarian http://slideshare.net/librarian68

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