Foodbeverage

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Foodbeverage

  1. 1. CARIBBEAN TOURISM LEARNING SYSTEM (CTLS) ASSOCIATE DEGREE IN APPLIED SCIENCE FOOD & BEVERAGE OPERATIONS CORE REVISED CURRICULUM HANDBOOK 2007A COMPONENT OF THE CARIBBEAN TOURISM LEARNING SYSTEM (CTLS) CIDA/CPEC/EU FUNDED PROJECT
  2. 2. CARIBBEAN TOURISM LEARNING SYSTEM (CTLS) CARIBBEAN COMMON CORE CURRICULUMPrepared by: Consultants Mrs. Bernice Critchlow-Earle Dr. Iva DahlRevised by: Consultant, Mrs. Bernice Critchlow-EarleEdited by: CTLS Curriculum Technical CommitteePublished by: Caribbean Tourism Human Resource Council C/o Caribbean Tourism Organization One Financial Place Lower Collymore Rock, St. Michael BARBADOS, West Indies Telephone: (246) 427-5242 Fax: (246) 429-3065 E-mail: ctobar@caribsurf.com Website: www.onecaribbean.orgCopyright: © Caribbean Tourism Human Resource Council All rights reserved. No part of this Curriculum Handbook may be copied or reprinted without the expressed written permission of the publishers.Date: September 2003Updated Version: February 2007CTLS PROJECT:Project Manager: Mrs. Bonita Morgan, Human Resource Director, Caribbean Tourism Organization (CTO)Project Coordinators: Phases I & II: Ms. Yvonne Armour-Shillingford Caribbean Tourism Human Resource Council/CTO/CRSTDP Phase I: Ms. Candia Alleyne OECS Education Reform Unit (OERU) Original Curricula developed and printed with funds from the Caribbean Regional HRD Programme for Economic Competitiveness (CPEC) Revision of the Curricula was funded through the CTO HRD Component of the EU’s Caribbean Regional Sustainable Tourism Development Programme (CRSTDP)
  3. 3. THE CARIBBEAN TOURISM HUMAN RESOURCE COUNCIL (CTHRC)The Caribbean Tourism Organization (CTO) spearheaded the setting up of theCaribbean Tourism Human Resource Council (CTHRC) in 1998 and hasundertaken to incorporate the work of this Council into its Human ResourceDepartment. The CTHRC is the regional authority, with the political mandate toset standards for tourism education and training, agree on the programmes andprovide the institutional accreditation and programme validation for extra-regional institutions and programmes. It has the authority to direct the courseof tourism education and training in the region.The Council which acts as an umbrella agency for tourism human resourcedevelopment in the Caribbean, will serve to develop and upgrade its tourismhuman resources at all levels of the education system, thus ensuring a highlycompetent tourism workforce, aimed at enhancing the region’s overallcompetitiveness towards the achievement of sustainable tourism development.The overall goal of the Caribbean Tourism Human Resource Council is to“develop and promote a systematic and coordinated approach to humanresources planning, research, education and training in Caribbean tourism tomeet the demands of a globally competitive tourism environment”.The Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS)The CTLS is one that facilitates a strategic and coordinated tourism educationand training strategy for the Caribbean. The CTLS aims to raise the level ofprofessionalism of tourism workers to meet international standards and globalcompetitiveness.The key elements of the Caribbean Tourism Learning System are: • Unified core curriculum for different levels of certification at the tertiary level of education • Use of occupational standards linked to the core curriculum • Tourism modules for primary and secondary schools • Public awareness and career awareness at the secondary school level • Exchange programmes for students, industry employees and tourism educators under the Tourism Internship Exchange System (TIES) programme • Student and industry employee mobility throughout the region • Self-regulatory quality assurance systems for public and private sector tourism education and training service providers • Programme articulation to facilitate transfer of credits between institutions
  4. 4. TABLE OF CONTENTS PART ONEINTRODUCTION TO FOOD AND BEVERAGE OPERATIONS CORE Food & Beverage Operations Core i Introduction ii Curriculum Course Structure iii Sample Format iv Synopsis of Courses vi PART TWO FOOD AND BEVERAGE OPERATIONS CORE COURSES 1 Food Preparation 1 1 2 Sanitation, Safety and Hygiene 6 3 Food Science and Nutrition 11 4 Bar Operations 14 5 Food and Beverage Service 20 6 Food Preparation 2 25 7 Quantity Food Production & Service 28 8 Food and Beverage Cost Controls 30 9 Food and Beverage Management 35 10 Purchasing and Materials Management 39 11 Events and Conference Management 43
  5. 5. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations CoreFOOD AND BEVERAGE Common Core CoursesOPERATIONS CORE CoreSpecialty Courses/Topic Areas BusinessSpecialty Core Courses are 3 – Credit General Electives Education(theory) and 4 – 6 Credit Courses (practical)offered along with General Education and CoreBusiness Core Subjects. Specialty1 Food Preparation 1 Internship2 Sanitation, Safety and Hygiene3 Food Science and Nutrition Graduates are prepared for employment at4 Bar Operations management-trainee positions within the industry and are eligible for transfer into5 Food and Beverage Service degree programmes.6 Food Preparation 27 Quantity Food Production and Service8 Food and Beverage Cost Controls9 Food and Beverage Management10 Purchasing and Materials Management11 Events and Conference Management i
  6. 6. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations CoreINTRODUCTION The programme is designed to: • improve the level of professionalism ofThe Tourism/Hospitality Industry must be an ever changing tourism andstaffed at all levels by individuals who are well hospitality industry.equipped with the knowledge, skills and • educate and train productive andappropriate attitudes to satisfy the demands of employable people in a globalthis dynamic industry. community. • provide consistent delivery of coreThis global training can best be realized through content so employers will have realistica dedicated partnership between the specialized expectations of graduates with aneducational institutions and the tourism sector. Associate Degree in Food andA partnership such as this should effectively Beverage Operations.garner the requisites of the industry, thereby • ensure transferability and articulationmaking it possible to provide students with the with other colleges and universitiesessentials to contribute to a prosperous within the region and where relevant,Tourism/Hospitality Industry. meet regional occupational standards.Credit Hours Work ExperienceThe learning outcomes for the Food and The Associate Degree programmes include aBeverage Studies Core are listed. The theory work experience component which allowscourses are calculated as 15 hours per credit students to gain practical skills and observe andwith a minimum of 45 hours of instruction and apply management principles and theories.practical courses are calculated at 30 hours percredit with a maximum of 4-6 credits per course. Duration of ProgrammeIn addition to general education courses, core The programmes take two years of full-timebusiness courses and electives agreed to by study or three years of part-time study.industry leaders and educators, each Associate Individual courses can also be offered asDegree programme will offer a range of continual education courses.specialty courses. Entry RequirementsIt is highly recommends that 80 – 84 credits beconsidered as the maximum requirement for this • A minimum of four (4) subjects (CSEC)Associate Degree. General, grades 1 – 3 or equivalent. A pass in English Language is compulsory.Programme Objectives or • Mature student status – a person who hasThis programme was developed as an important reached his/her 25th birthday.component of the Caribbean Tourism LearningSystem (CTLS). It addresses the growing needfor a common, competency-based curriculumand provides the employers with potentialemployees who possess a sound theoretical andpractical base. ii
  7. 7. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core CURRICULUM COURSE STRUCTURE Core Content (min 75%) Electives (max 25%) Core Specialty and Additional Courses CoursesGeneral Business ElectiveEducation Hospitality Studies + Core + + + + Courses +Core Courses Courses Food & Beverage Studies Resort Studies Tourism Studies Culinary Arts Studies5-7 courses 4-6 courses 9 -12 courses except for culinary where more courses are required iii
  8. 8. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core FOOD AND BEVERAGE OPERATIONS (SAMPLE FORMAT) YEAR 1 SEMESTER 1COURSE CODE COURSE HOURS CREDITS T P CORE BUSINESS Introduction to Tourism/Hospitality 45 3 Information Technology 45 3 F & B OPERATIONS Food Preparation 1 30 60 4 Sanitation, Safety & Hygiene 45 3 GENERAL EDUCATION English & Communication 45 3 YEAR 1 SEMESTER 2 CORE BUSINESS Accounting 1 45 3 Marketing 1 45 3 F & B OPERATIONS Food Science and Nutrition 45 3 Bar Operations 30 60 4 Food & Beverage Service 30 60 4 GENERAL EDUCATION Caribbean Studies 45 3 Internship (Summer Course) 480 6 iv
  9. 9. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core FOOD AND BEVERAGE OPERATIONS (SAMPLE FORMAT) YEAR 2 SEMESTER 1COURSE CODE COURSE HOURS CREDITS T P CORE BUSINESS Micro-Economics 45 3 Introduction to Management 45 3 F & B OPERATIONS Quantity Food Production and Service 15 90 4 Food and Beverage Cost Controls 45 3 Food Preparation 2 15 90 4 GENERAL EDUCATION Maths & Statistics 45 3 Language Studies 1 45 3 YEAR 2 SEMESTER 2 CORE BUSINESS Hospitality Law 45 3 Quality Customer Care 45 3 F & B OPERATIONS Purchasing and Materials Management 45 3 Events and Conference Management 45 3 Food & Beverage Management 30 60 4 GENERAL EDUCATION Language Studies 2 45 3 Entrepreneurship (Summer Course) 45 3 v
  10. 10. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core SYNOPSIS OF COURSESFOOD PREPARATION 1 It also enables students to make an enlightenedAn introductory course to familiarize the students contribution to current industrial practice andwith the theory and practice of kitchen operations. development of culinary arts within the businessThe student will gain knowledge of kitchen environment.terminology, equipment use and the basic techniquesof food preparation. FOOD AND BEVERAGE COST CONTROLS Learners will be introduced to standards andSANITATION, SAFETY AND HYGIENE procedures that increase the probability of food andThis course will provide students with information on beverage operations in the industry with emphasis onbasic microbiology, safety, personal hygiene, general controlling cost and maximizing sales. Purchasinghandling of food. Local legislation for the food procedures will be examined.service industry will be examined. FOOD AND BEVERAGE MANAGEMENTFOOD SCIENCE & NUTRITION This course examines practices pertinent to theThis course will examine the scientific method and management of food, beverage, labour, facilities andthe chemical and physical changes that occur during equipment.preparation, processing and storage of food products.Basic principles of nutrition, and micro-biology as it PURCHASING AND MATERIALSrelates to chemical and physical charges to food will MANAGEMENTalso be examined. This course will introduce learners to purchasing procedures to facilitate the purchasing of food,BAR OPERATIONS beverages, materials and equipment for hospitalityThis course will introduce students to techniques in establishments. Materials management will also bethe service of beverages. Beverage operations with examined.emphasis on management and operational controlswill be examined. EVENTS AND CONFERENCE MANAGEMENT This course introduces the learner to the methods andFOOD AND BEVERAGE SERVICE techniques utilized in planning, organizing,The learner will be introduced to the technical skills promoting and delivering conferences/conventions.and psychology of service. Theory, concepts andperformance will be emphasized. The various typesof services, equipment, furniture and service itemsused will be examined.FOOD PREPARATION 2This course is designed to provide the student with acontinuation and expansion of knowledge in practicalfood preparation and to equip the student with abroader knowledge of food preparation includingcarving, buffet preparation, creation of show piecesincluding fruit and vegetable carvings.QUANTITY FOOD PRODUCTIONThis course is designed to assist students in thedeveloping competence in the operation of foodpreparation areas to identified operational standards. vi
  11. 11. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core1 FOOD PREPARATION 1 ContentPrerequisite: None Credits: 4 • The Kitchen Brigade • Kitchen and Store Room orientationOverviewAn introductory course to familiarize the student with 2.0 Equipmentthe theory and practice of kitchen operations. Thestudent will gain knowledge of kitchen terminology, Objectivesequipment use and the basic techniques of foodpreparation. Upon completion of the topic the student will be able to:General Objectives 2.1 identify large and small equipmentThis course is designed to: 2.2 select and operate large and small equipment 2.3 identify and describe the function of hand1 enable students to build confidence and tools and utensils fundamental practical skills in food 2.4 identify measuring devices preparation to acceptable market standards 2.5 practice weighing and measuring techniques2 develop an awareness of safe working 2.6 operate the washing machine environment and monitoring of safe practices 2.7 discuss methods of equipment care, cleaning3 finish and critically assess products taking into and maintenance account, design, colour, flavour and portion 2.8 implement equipment care, cleaning and control. maintenance4 become familiar with up-to-date food legislation affecting production and storage of Content products. • Kitchen equipment and utensilsLearning Outcomes • The care and maintenance of equipmentUpon successful completion of this course, thelearner will: 3.0 Kitchen Terminology1 prepare a variety of food products and dishes Objective according to world market standards2 describe the principals of heat transfer in the Upon completion of the topic the student will be able cooking process to: 3.1 define local and French culinary termsTopics Content1.1 Orientation of Kitchen and Related Facilities • Culinary termsObjectives 4.0 Maintenance and Handling of KnivesUpon completion of the topic the student will be ableto: Objectives1.2 identify the kitchen brigade Upon completion of the topic the student will be able1.3 identify the different areas of the kitchen and to: name their functions1.4 identify and locate storeroom 4.1 identify types of knives with:1.5 define the different types of storage facilities - straight blades1.6 identify dish washing and pot washing area - serrated edges 1
  12. 12. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core4.2 identify other cutting tools and related 7.0 Flavourings implements4.3 keep knives clean complying with food safety Objectives relations4.4 keep knives sharp, using safe sharpening Upon completion of the topic the student will be able methods to:4.5 store knives correctly after use4.6 carry out work in an organized, efficient and 7.1 describe and list ingredients for Bouquet safe manner Garni, Mirepoix, Duxelle and Studded onion4.7 select knives appropriate to the tasks and type 7.2 demonstrate the use of the basic flavourings of food4.8 use cutting surfaces which are clean and ready Content to sue4.9 handle knives safely • Preparation of basic flavourings4.10 select and purchase knivesContent 8.0 Stocks and Soups• Knife identification Objectives• Knife use and care Upon completion of the topic the student will be able to:5.0 Methods of Cooking 8.1 define white, brown fish stockObjectives 8.2 prepare, cook and reduce white, brown and fish stock.Upon completion of the topic the student will be able 8.3 define sauces and graviesto: 8.4 list basic ingredients of the following sauces and define the methods of preparation:5.1 describe conduction, convection and radiation - brown5.2 demonstrate the preparation and cooking of - white selection of dishes illustrating a variety of - blond cooking methods. - independent5.3 define and describe the methods of cookery 8.5 prepare and serve a variety of sauces and gravies according to established standardsContent 8.6 name a variety of derivatives from each basic hot sauce.• Definition of conduction, convection and 8.7 discuss the use of convenience sauces radiation 8.8 list the derivatives of Mayonnaise Sauce and• Moist and dry methods of cookery Hollandaise Sauce 8.9 list common proprietary sauces and condiments6.0 Herbs and Spices 8.10 describe preparation methods and list ingredients of pan gravy and roast gravyObjectives 8.11 discuss the use of gravy browning and convenience graviesUpon completion of the topic the student will be able 8.12 prepare and serve a variety of cold saucesto: 8.13 identify dehydrated bases 8.14 make stock from concentrates6.1 recognize commonly used herbs and spices 8.15 classify, name and prepare a various of soups used in food processing6.2 identify common herbs ContentContent • Classification of stocks • Classification of sauces and gravies• Origins and cultivation of herbs and spices 2
  13. 13. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core• Classification of soups 11.0 Vegetables• The use of convenience stocks, sauces, soups and gravies Objectives Upon completion of the topic the student will be able9.0 Sandwiches to:Objectives 11.1 prepare, cook and serve fresh, frozen, preserved and pulse vegetablesUpon completion of the topic the student will be able 11.2 prepare, cook and serve root, stem, flower,to: fruit, leaf, pulse, dried and fungi type vegetables9.1 list basic ingredients for bread making 11.3 identify the types of vegetables9.2 prepare, cook and serve bread and rolls 11.4 explain how to handle and store raw and9.3 define the stages of methods of bread making cooked vegetables9.4 prepare and serve a variety of sandwiches in 11.5 explain the method of preparing, cooking and accordance with recipe and customer serving all types of vegetables requirements - Fresh9.5 name the appropriate bread for different kinds - Frozen of sandwiches. - Convenience9.6 suggest the appropriate fillings for different kinds of sandwiches Content9.7 suggest suitable garnishes and presentation methods • Classification of vegetables • The use of convenience vegetablesContent • Storage of vegetables• Sandwiches• Basic principles of bread making 12.0 Fish and Seafood Cookery• The history of the sandwich• Classification of sandwiches Objectives• Garnishes and presentation methods of sandwiches Upon completion of the topic the student will be able to:10.0 Preparation and Service of Simple 12.1 classify and describe cuts/whole fish and shell Appetizers fish suitable for cooking in the following methods: poaching, grilling, baking and fryingObjective 12.2 prepare a variety of fish dishes using the methods of poaching, grilling, shallow fryingUpon completion of the topic the student will be able and baking.to: Content10.1 prepare and serve a variety of simple appetizers in accordance with recipe and • Classification of fish and shellfish customer requirements: • Cuts of fish - simple appetizers • Methods of cooking fish and shellfish - juices - fruits - cold (assorted vegetables) - hot (quiche, etc)Content• Classification of simple appetizers• Preparation techniques 3
  14. 14. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core13.0 Meat and Poultry Cookery 15.0 Baking Bread and RollsObjectives ObjectivesUpon completion of the topic the student will be able Upon completion of the topic the student will be ableto: to:13.1 define the term meat 15.1 identify the function and use of ingredients13.2 identify cuts of meat and offal on blank 15.2 classify baking products illustrations of the carcasses of lamb, 15.3 prepare, proof and bake bread and rolls veal/beef, pork/ham13.3 classify and describe suitable cuts of meat that Content can be prepared using the following methods stewing, boiling, braising, sautéing • Classification of basic breads and doughs13.4 prepare, serve and garnish a variety of meat • Preparation techniques for baking breads and dishes using the above methods of cookery rolls13.5 define the term poultry13.6 describe, prepare, cook and garnish a variety of poultry dishes popular using the methods of 16.0 Basic Pastry, Cakes and Cookies poaching, deep frying, sautéing, roasting ObjectivesContent Upon completion of the topic the student will be able• Definition of meat to:• Cooking methods of meat• Cuts of meat 16.1 prepare and bake pastry (short or flaky, sweet, - veal choux, puff) - Beef 16.2 prepare and bake cakes (butter type, sponge - Lamb and angel types) - Pork 16.3 prepare and apply frostings and icings• Definition of offal 16.4 prepare and bake basic cookies• Cooking methods for offal• Classification of poultry Content• Cooking methods of poultry• Cuts of poultry • Classification and preparation of basic pastries • Preparation of basic sponges • Preparation of basic frostings and icings14.0 Preparation of Desserts • Basic cookie making techniquesObjectives Instruction FormatUpon completion of the topic the student will be ableto: Lecture Demonstration14.1 classify and identify the types of desserts Practical Food Preparation14.2 prepare puddings, gelatin desserts, specialty desserts (soufflés, baked alaska, babas)14.3 use convenient desserts Assessment and EvaluationContent The continuous assessment for this course takes the following form:• Classification and preparation of desserts • Two (2) theory papers which account for• Convenience desserts 40% of the final mark • Four (4) practical assessments which account for 60% of the final mark 4
  15. 15. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations CoreRecommended TextPractical Professional Cookery, 3rd Edition, H LCrackwell & R J Kaufmann; published by ThomsonLearning.Theory of Catering, 9th Edition, Kinton & Cesarani,Published by Hodder and Stoughton.The New Professional Chef, 7th Edition; Linda GlickConway; published by the Culinary Institute ofAmerica, New York, Van Nostrand ReinholdFood Preparation and Cooking, NVQ Levels 1 and 2;Roy Hayter. London Hotel and Catering TrainingCompany and MacMillan Press Ltd.Fundamentals of Menu Planning, 2nd Edition;McVety, Ware and Levesque.ResourcesNew Professional Chef, 7th Edition, Editor L GConway; published by Culinary Institute of America(Van Nostrand Reinhold).Equipment12 inch Chef’s knife1 Paring knife1 Boning knife1 Vegetable Peeler1 16 inch Piping Bar1 No. 8 Star Tube1 12 inch Spatula1 Pizza WheelAttendanceStudents are encouraged to attend all class sessions asall information presented may not be covered in therequired text. Participation of students is an integralcomponent of the learning process. 5
  16. 16. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core2 SANITATION, SAFETY 1.3 recognize the challenges to food safety in their particular kind of food business operation AND HYGIENE 1.4 identify the factors that influence the growth of micro-organismsPrerequisite: None Credits: 3 1.5 illustrate by simulation/role-play, selected conditions that are associated with hazards inOverview handling food. 1.6 explain what is meant by the “temperatureThis course will provide students with information on danger zone” in food safetybasic microbiology, safety, personal hygiene, general 1.7 relate The kinds of food borne illness thathandling of food. Local legislation for the food may result from unsafe food handlingservice industry will be examined. ContentGeneral Objectives • The concept of food safety in the businessThis course is designed to: environment • The definition of “micro-organism”1 present the rules of personal hygiene and the • Factors that influence the growth of micro- importance of adhering to safety rules and organisms regulations. • The definition of food borne illness2 introduce the causes and prevention of food poisoning and to introduce the requirements of safety in the workplace. 2.0 How Personal Hygiene Affects Food Safety3 introduce local legislation relating to the food service industry ObjectivesLearning Outcomes Upon completion of the topic the student will be able to:Upon successful completion of this course, thelearner will: 2.1 distinguish between personal health and personal hygiene1 discuss how contamination of food can occur 2.2 identify the kinds of organisms found on the in a food service establishment. human body, that may cause food2 describe the effect and consequences of food contamination borne illness. 2.3 illustrate the link between personal hygiene3 apply sound practices to prevent the possibility and food safety of food poisoning. 2.4 demonstrate the principles of personal hygiene4 identify measures/procedures that will reduce appropriate to safe food handling or eliminate accidents in food preparation and 2.5 explain why persons with the following service areas. conditions should not be involved in food preparation: fever, diarrhea, upset stomach, nausea, vomiting, sore throat, sinus infection,Topics coughing, sneezing, dizziness 2.6 identify conditions and illnesses that must be1.0 How Food Handling Practices Cause reported to the employer or other authorities if Foodbourne Illness the individual is a food handlerObjectives ContentUpon completion of the topic the student will be able • Principles of personal hygieneto: • The linkages between personal hygiene and1.1 explain the concept/idea of food safety to other food safety food handlers/employees/customers • Characteristics of food contamination1.2 discuss the types of hazards involved in food preparation 6
  17. 17. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core3.0 Sanitation Practices Relating to Purchasing Content and Receiving • Types of food storage facilitiesObjectives • Definition of “safe-zone” • Sanitation of food handling equipment andUpon completion of the topic the student will be able utensilsto: • Cost effective storage3.1 explain the characteristics of safe sources in the context of food safety 5.0 Safe Freezing, Thawing and Reheating3.2 identify safe sources of foods and food products Objectives3.3 adjust receiving schedules in keeping with food safety time:temperature requirements Upon completion of the topic the student will be able3.4 state selected characteristics of wholesome to: foods and food products, by category: fruit & vegetables, canned foods, meats and poultry, 5.1 distinguish between cooking and reheating eggs, fish, dairy products, dry goods 5.2 practice safe reheating3.5 explain the safety implications of “critical 5.3 practice safe methods of thawing dates” labelling, specifically the following: 5.4 practice safe freezing “expiry”, “use by”, “best by”, “manufactured 5.5 apply time-temperature principles in practical on”, in keeping with national standards situations3.6 determine what changes they need to make to existing practices in order to meet food safety Content requirements3.7 participate constructively with employees and • Definition of cooking and reheating health personnel in food inspection activities • Safe methods of reheating • Safe methods of thawingContent • Safe methods of freezing• Safe sources of food and food products• Local food safety standards 6.0 Cleaning and Sanitizing Practices to Promote Food Safety4.0 Safe Food Storage Practices ObjectivesObjectives Upon completion of the topic the student will be able to:Upon completion of the topic the student will be ableto: 6.1 differentiate between cleaning and sanitizing 6.2 explain what is meant by a food contact4.1 explain the meaning of storage in the context surface of food handling establishments and their 6.3 identify the types of cleaning agents and supplier. sanitizers that may be used safely in a food4.2 illustrate by example the types of food storage handling operation and their distinguishing characteristics 6.4 identify, plan, implement and monitor a basic4.3 state and maintain safe-zone temperatures for cleaning schedule which ensures that areas, raw and cooked foods utensils and equipment are cleaned and4.4 store chemicals safely in relation to food sanitized components and food products 6.5 clean and sanitize based on the “3 sink4.5 store food handling equipment and utensils principle”, using either a 3-compartment sink safely or a safe alternative4.6 identify and discuss low cost, efficient storage 6.6 use cleaning agents and sanitizers safely in the strategies that are suited to the business food handling operation operation 6.7 store cleaning and sanitizing chemicals safely 7
  18. 18. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core6.8 store cleaned and sanitized items safely ContentContent • Environmental health regulations • The functions of Environmental Health• Definition of cleaning Officers• Definition of sanitizing• Cleaning agents and sanitizers• Cleaning methods 9.0 Principles of HACCP• Sanitizing methods• Methods of storing chemicals safely Objectives Upon completion of the topic the student will be able7.0 Vector Control to:Objectives 9.1 define HACCP 9.2 state the preparation processes that areUpon completion of the topic the student will be able involved in selected foodsto: 9.3 create a basic flow diagram/description of selected preparation and serving processes7.1 list the diseases that the vectors spread. 9.4 demonstrate safe ways of tasting, touching and7.2 list the indicators that show the presence of the smelling foods vectors. 9.5 identify the types of hazards that may occur in7.3 identify vector control measures. selected preparation and serving processes for7.4 explain and demonstrate the safe use of a cooked food and a food that is served chemicals in vector control. uncooked 9.6 identify the stages at which these hazards mayContent occur in the processes of preparation and serving• Definition of vector 9.7 distinguish between a “control point” and a• Methods of identification of vector presence “critical control point” 9.8 identify the critical control points in a• Vector control methods “preparation flow” for a specific finished product typically prepared in the food establishment8.0 Legislation (Local and International) 9.9 relate preparation and serving practices to selected basic Health Services Regulations.Objectives 9.10 discuss the importance of the introduction to the principles of HACCP on the traditionalUpon completion of the topic the student will be able methods of food purchasing, storage andto: preparation 9.11 describe the role of the local National8.1 differentiate between the Act and the Standards Institute and the Ministry of Health Regulation.8.2 list the relevant regulations and dates they in implementing the guidelines articulated in HACCP were enacted.8.3 state the requirements for the registration and licensing of food premises and vehicles. Content8.4 list the legal requirements for the satisfactory layout of food establishment. • Definition of HACCP8.5 list the penalties for the contravention of the • Definition of control point regulations. • Definition of critical control point8.6 outline the functions of Environmental Health • Relationship of HACCP to health regulation Officers as described in the regulations. • HACCP vs traditional approach to food preparation and service. 8
  19. 19. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core10.0 Food Preservation 12.0 Safety IssuesObjectives ObjectivesUpon completion of the topic the student will be able Upon completion of the topic the student will be ableto: to:10.1 define “food preservation” 12.1 define the local legislation dealing with safety10.2 state three principles of food preservation at work10.3 define the term “additive” 12.2 describe the types of accidents that may occur10.4 list at least four reasons for preserving food and indicate the causes10.5 discuss at least five methods of food 12.3 discuss preventative measures preservation 12.4 establish an accident prevention code10.6 define the terms “pasteurization” and “UHT” ContentContent • Local/regional legislation relating to safety at• Principles of food preservation work• Reasons for preserving food • Types of accidents that may occur in the work• Methods of food preservation place • Development of an accident code policy11.0 Refuse/Waste Disposal 13.0 FiresObjectives ObjectivesUpon completion of the topic the student will be ableto: Upon completion of the topic the student will be able to:11.1 define the terms “refuse”, “rubbish”, “garbage” and “waste” 13.1 discuss local fire regulations.11.2 list the different types of refuse 13.2 state the types of fire extinguishers that should11.3 state the characteristics/properties of refuse be used for specific fires.11.4 discuss the storage of refuse before collection 13.3 demonstrate the correct use of fire11.5 identify final disposal sites extinguishers.11.6 discuss suitable methods of solid and liquid 13.4 state procedures to be followed in case of fire. waste disposal and state their advantages 13.5 recognize the importance of memorizing the11.7 identify potential hazards of improper waste emergency fire station number disposal ContentContent • Types of fires.• Characteristics and types of refuse • Causes and prevention.• Storage of refuse • Procedure in the handling of fires• Refuse disposal methods 14.0 Basic First Aid Techniques (Red Cross) Objective Upon completion of the topic the student will be able to: 14.1 describe simple first aid for minor burns, cuts electric shock and drowning casualties, etc. 9
  20. 20. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations CoreContent• Treatment of burns, cuts and electric shocks• Resuscitation techniquesInstruction FormatLectureDiscussionDemonstrationGuest LecturerField tripsAssessment & Evaluation• Sanitation and Safety - one group project – 10% - a mid-term test - 15%• First-Aid - three practical assessments - 15%• Final theory exam (combines the sanitation and safety and first aid components) - 60%Recommended TextApplied Food Service Sanitation, National RestaurantAssociation, Wiley, John & Sons.Hygiene for Management. London: HighfieldPublications, 1998. Springer, Richard A.Food Poisoning and Food Hygiene. London:Arnold, 1998. Hobbs, Betty C. and Roberts, DianeFood Hygiene, Health and Safety. London:Longman, 1998. Stretch, a and Southgate, H.The Essential Guide to food Hygiene and Safety.Surrey: Eaton Publications, 1997. Aston, Grahamand Tiffney, John.AttendanceStudents are encouraged to attend all class sessions asall information presented may not be covered in therequired text. Participation of students is an integralcomponent of the learning process. 10
  21. 21. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core3 FOOD SCIENCE & Topics NUTRITION 1.0 Basic Anatomy and the Importance of Good NutritionPerquisites: Food Sanitation and SafetyCredits: 3 Objectives Upon completion of the topic the student will be ableOverview to:This course will examine the scientific method and 1.1 define nutrientsthe chemical and physical changes that occur during 1.2 outline functions of nutrients and identify theirpreparation, processing and storage of food products. sourcesBasic principles of nutrition, and micro-biology as it 1.3 define and discuss the term “nutrition” and itsrelates to chemical and physical charges to food will importance in the Culinary Artsalso be examined. 1.4 discuss the fundamentals of human structure and functionGeneral Objectives 1.5 differentiate between nutrition and malnutritionThis course is designed to assist students to: 1.6 define human nutrition 1.7 discuss nutrition related diseases1 emphasize the importance of scientific 1.8 discuss nutrition as it relates to vegetarians knowledge to food preparation 1.9 discuss ethnic and religious challenges to2 recognize the role of food service providers in nutrition relation to customers’ wants and needs 1.10 discuss what is meant by food allergens3 raise awareness of the relevant concerns 1.11 discuss the effects of heat, oxidation, water, regarding diets and healthy eating alkali on nutritional elements.4 select commodities, work out combinations and cookery methods that provide for specified Content dietary needs. • Principles of nutritionLearning Outcomes • Human structure and functionUpon completion of the topic the student will be able • Challenges to human nutritionto:1 discuss the basic concepts of nutrition and 2.0 Principles of Chemistry and Microbiology food science and their importance in food in the Preparation of Food preparation and storage.2 initiate and develop a sense of responsibility Objectives that cooks/chefs must be aware off when preparing food for public consumption Upon completion of the topic the student will be able3 distinguish between the facts and myths about to: nutrition as they relate to ethnicity, religion and health challenges 2.1 discuss the chemistry of food composition4 examine the laws and their relationship to 2.2 discuss the function of fats, proteins and consumer protection carbohydrates5 discuss the changes that occur to food products 2.3 list enzymes, flavours, colours, vitamins and during production and storage. food additives6 prepare written reports on food quality using 2.4 sample a variety of foods that include food the principle method of food science. additives7 develop and execute scientifically sound 2.5 discuss food laws and regulations experiments to evaluate ingredient 2.6 state the basic local labelling requirements and functionality and changes that occur to food nutritional labelling products during production and storage. 11
  22. 22. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations CoreContent 5.0 Chemical and Physical Changes to Foods• The effects of cooking on a variety of foods Objective• The use of additives in food• Legislation relating to food Upon completion of the topic the student will be able to:3.0 Chemistry and Preservation of Foods 5.1 analyze the chemical and physical changes that occur in a variety of food commodities whenObjectives processed: - Colour and texture of vegetables.Upon completion of the topic the student will be able - Wheat and egg products.to: - Starches and gelatin - Dairy products.3.1 define food preservation - Enzyme proteins.3.2 discuss the shelf life of food commodities and - Meat proteins. some beneficial/harmful events in the - Fruit ripening. microbiology of foods3.3 discuss alcoholic, acetic acid, yeast and lactic Content acid fermentation3.4 define “food spoilage” • Analysis of chemical and physical changes3.5 list food-borne and waterborne pathogens that occur in food commodities when3.6 explain and describe microbial growth processed3.7 discuss sensory evaluation of food commodities Instruction FormatContent Lectures• Food spoilage Practical exercises• Fermentation Visual aids• Food-bourne and water-bourne pathogens and Discussions microbial growth in foods Demonstrations Labs4.0 Principles of HACCP Assessment & EvaluationObjective • Two (2) quizzes - 20%Upon completion of the topic the student will be able • One group assignment - 20%to: • A final examination - 60%4.1 discuss practical application of HACCP. Recommended TextsContent The Theory of Catering, 9th Edition, Ronald Kinton,• The importance of HACCP Victor Ceserani and David Foskett; published by• The application of HACCP Hodder and Stoughton. Nutrition Made Simple; Versada S. Campbell and Dinesh P. Sinha Science of Food; John Wiley and Sons. 12
  23. 23. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations CoreResourcesNutrition for Food Service and CulinaryProfessionals, K E Drummond and L M Brefere;published by Wiley and Sons.Introductory Foods; Bennion, Marion, Prentice Hall.On Food and Cooking, Harold McGee.AttendanceStudents are encouraged to attend all class sessions asall information presented may not be covered in therequired text. Participation of students is an integralcomponent of the learning process. 13
  24. 24. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core4 BAR OPERATIONS 1.5 discuss the social and legal responsibilities of the bartenderPrerequisite: None Credits: 4 1.6 identify different types of customers found in barsOverview ContentThis course will introduce students to techniques inthe service of beverages. Beverage operations with • What is a bar?emphasis on management and operational controls • Types of bars.will be examined. • Duties of a bar staff. • Role and responsibilities of bartendersGeneral Objectives • The physiology of alcohol • Types of customersThis course is designed to:1 equip the student with the background and 2.0 Bartending Equipment and Tools service of alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks including a variety of wines suitable for Objectives service in a variety of bar and restaurant outlets Upon completion of the topic the student will be able2 enable the student to take a responsible to: approach to the service of alcoholic beverages3 develop attitudes to quality and value in 2.1 identify the basic bartending equipment and respect of people, management and customer tools care 2.2 operate the bar equipment 2.3 describe the use of equipment and tools.Learning Outcomes ContentUpon successful completion of this course, thelearner will: • Blender • Crusher1 identify the fundamentals of a beverage • Ice machine operation inclusive of physical components. • Jigger2 demonstrate sales techniques. • Shaker3 prepare beverages and perform beverage • Strainer service. • Mixing glass4 describe major characteristics of alcoholic • Cutting board products and non-alcoholic beverages. • Knife5 discuss local legislation relating to the sale of alcohol beverages. • Stirring spoon • OpticsTopics1.0 Introduction to the Bar Operations 3.0 GlasswareObjectives ObjectivesUpon completion of the topic the student will be able Upon completion of the topic the student will be ableto: to:1.1 define the term “bar” 3.1 identify the names, sizes and uses of glassware1.2 illustrate the layout of the bar for the bar1.3 discuss the duties of a barman, a bar 3.2 describe how to wash and polish glasses waiter/waitress and a bar porter 3.3 discuss how to frost, rim and chill glassware.1.4 describe the different types of bar operations 14
  25. 25. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations CoreContent Content• Name, sizes and uses of glassware • Control of stock.• Washing and polishing techniques • Rotation of stock.• Frosting and chilling of glassware 7.0 Carriage of Drinks4.0 Bar Sanitation ObjectivesObjective Upon completion of the topic the student will be ableUpon completion of the topic the student will be able to:to: 7.1 identify a bar tray.4.1 demonstrate bar sanitation and hygiene 7.2 demonstrate how to carry a tray, with and without drinks.Contents 7.3 return empty glasses, dispose of ice, straws, stir sticks.• Sanitation and hygiene techniques 7.4 discuss methods of placing orders on a tray so as to assist the bar waiter in remembering which drink belongs to each customer.5.0 Service Bar ContentObjectives • Carrying bar tray.Upon completion of the topic the student will be able • System for putting orders on tray.to:5.1 discuss how to set up a service bar. 8.0 Classification and Types of Alcoholic5.2 identify service bar supplies. Beverages5.3 explain various service bar ordering systems5.4 set up a service bar ObjectivesContent Upon completion of the topic the student will be able to:• Setting up• Bar supplies. 8.1 classify and describe the types of alcoholic• Ordering system. beverages 8.2 distinguish between fermented and distilled beverages6.0 Bar Inventory 8.3 outline the production of alcoholic beverages 8.4 describe and discuss the use of ice.Objectives 8.5 identify the different garnishes 8.6 name the incidental ingredients used in the bar.Upon completion of the topic the student will be able 8.7 discuss the use of beverage, napkins andto: accessories 8.8 prepare various garnishes for mixed drinks6.1 discuss the various bar inventory and control procedures Content6.2 explain what is meant by “rotation” of stock. • Distilled spirits • Cordials or liqueurs • Beer • Wine 15
  26. 26. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core9.0 Beer ContentObjectives • Stir technique • Shake techniqueUpon completion of the topic the student will be able • Build techniqueto: • Blend technique9.1 discuss the origin and manufacturing process of beers and sprits 12.0 Highballs9.2 identify local and imported beer9.3 demonstrate pouring beer Objectives9.4 define the term “draught beer”.9.5 demonstrate drawing beer. Upon completion of the topic the student will be able to:Content 12.1 discuss the term “highball”• Manufacturing process of beers and spirits 12.2 mix a number of “highballs”• Domestic and imported beers• Serving beer Content• Definition • Definition • Preparation of “highballs”10.0 Non-Alcoholic IngredientsObjectives 13.0 CocktailsUpon completion of the topic the student will be able Objectivesto: Upon completion of the topic the student will be able10.1 identify spices, grenadine condiments. to:10.2 identify flavours of mixes10.3 prepare beverages making use of these 13.1 discuss and define origin of cocktails ingredients 13.2 mix a variety of cocktails.Content Content• Spices • Definition• Mixes • Preparation of a variety of cocktails• Simple syrup.• Juices.• Grenadine. 14.0 Introduction to Wines• Fruit. Objectives11.0 Method of Mixing Drinks Upon completion of the topic the student will be able to:Objectives 14.1 define the term “wine”.Upon completion of the topic the student will be able 14.2 briefly discuss the history of wines.to: 14.3 recognize wine growing regions. 14.4 describe the cultivation of vines:11.1 describe the term “stir, shake, build and - Climate blend”. - Soil11.2 prepare drinks using the stir, shake, build and - Grape and fruit blend methods. 16
  27. 27. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core14.5 discuss and identify wines and their regional 16.3 describe the process of making champagne and origins sparkling wines14.6 identify associations and controlling agencies. 16.4 identify and discuss “fortified wines”.14.7 interpret information on labels. - France Content - Germany - Spain/Italy • Wine making process - California • Champagne and sparkling wines - Local • Fortified wines - Other sourcesContent 17.0 Classification of Wines• Definition. Objective• History.• Cultivation. Upon completion of the topic the student will be able• Associations and controlling agencies of wine to:• Labelling of wine 17.1 differentiate between the categories of wine15.0 Classification of Grapes ContentObjective • Appetizers • Table winesUpon completion of the topic the student will be able • Sparkling winesto: • Dessert wines15.1 differentiate between grapes grown in North America and Europe. 18.0 The Language of WinesContent Objective• North American species Upon completion of the topic the student will be able - vitis labrusca to: - concord• European species 18.1 discuss and compile a list of common terms. - vitis vinifera - chardonnay Content - gamay - gewürztraminer • Terminology of wines16.0 The Wine Making Process 19.0 Wine With FoodObjectives ObjectivesUpon completion of the topic the student will be able Upon completion of the topic the student will be ableto: to:16.1 discuss the wine making process from 19.1 select wines that are generally recommended crushing through bottling. to compliment various foods.16.2 discuss the degree of sweetness or dryness of 19.2 discuss and identify appropriate serving wine and describe how wine makers temperature for each category of wine. accomplish this. 17
  28. 28. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations CoreContent Content• Wine and various foods • Relevant legislation• Temperature of various categories of wine for service Instruction Format20.0 Serving Procedures Lecture DemonstrationObjectives Practice Field tripsUpon completion of the topic the student will be able Seminar on wine tastingto: Multi-media presentation20.1 describe the methods of presenting wine to the customer (host). Assessment and Evaluation20.2 demonstrate the pouring of wine without dripping.20.3 discuss the importance of timing in relation to The assessment for this course takes the form of: wine service. • Two (2) theory papers which account for 40% of the final markContent • Four (4) practical assessments which account for 60% of the final mark• Presentation• Pouring• Timing Recommended Text Pouring for Profit: a Guide to Bar and Beverage21.0 Storage Management, Costas Katsigris.Objective New American Bartenders Guide, J J Poister; published by Penguine.Upon completion of the topic the student will be ableto: Resources21.1 describe various wine service facilities and discuss how to develop a wine cellar Remarkable Service, Culinary Institute of America; published by Wiley and Sons.Content The Bar and Beverage Book, Costas Katsigris, Mary• Wine service facilities Porter and Chris Thomas• The wine cellar Managing Bar and Beverage Operations, H Lendal, Mary L Tanke.22.0 Licensing Regulations Grossman’s Guide to Wine, Bar and Spirits, Harold JObjective Grossman, H Scribers and SonsUpon completion of the topic the student will be able CTISP Bartender Skills Bookto:22.1 discuss the licensing legislation relating to the hospitality industry 18
  29. 29. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations CoreAttendanceStudents are encouraged to attend all class sessions asall information presented may not be covered in therequired text. Participation of students is an integralcomponent of the learning process. 19
  30. 30. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core5 FOOD AND BEVERAGE Unit 1 – Basic Food Service SERVICE TopicsPrerequisite: None Credits: 4 1.0 Introduction to Food and Beverage Service OperationsOverview ObjectivesThe learner will be introduced to the technical skillsand psychology of service. Theory, concepts and Upon completion of the topic the student will be ableperformance will be emphasized. The various types to:of services, equipment, furniture and service itemsused will be examined. 1.1 outline the different types of food service organizationsGeneral Objectives 1.2 describe staffing structures for various establishmentsThis course is designed to: 1.3 discuss the qualities of good food service staff and their responsibilities to the customer,1 expose students to restaurant and bar service management and fellow workers.2 enhance the students by developing their 1.4 describe the importance of teamwork technical, practical and professional skills to 1.5 list the duties to be carried out by the allow them to function with minimum restaurant staff. supervision 1.6 compile a job roster3 upgrade the sales and marketing skills so that 1.7 state the importance of courtesy, tact, patience the student may competently and confidently and good humour in the working situation. give suggestions to customers which will 1.8 describe the inter-relationship of the food and increase the profit base of the operation beverage department with other departments4 develop attitudes to quality and value in within the establishment. respect of people, management and customer care ContentLearning Outcomes • Types of Service Organization • StaffingUpon successful completion of this course, the • Duties of the Restaurant Brigadelearner will: • Inter-relationship with other Departments1 identify and describe the various food and beverage service positions 2.0 Types and Styles of Food Service2 describe and demonstrate selling skills required in a food and beverage operation. Objective3 perform various service styles.4 identify types and functions of tableware. Upon completion of the topic the student will be able5 demonstrate the various service techniques and to: management techniques.6 calculate customer bills 2.1 describe the types and styles of food service7 demonstrate customer-handling skills. offered by a variety of establishments8 prepare and present the check and file restaurant summary sheets. Content9 outline duties and responsibilities of food and beverage service personnel. • Cafeteria/snacks bars. • American/Russian/French. • Combination. • Hospital and school meals service. 20
  31. 31. Caribbean Tourism Learning System (CTLS) Associate Degree Programme in Applied Science Food and Beverage Operations Core3.0 Equipment ContentObjectives • Brief history. • Types of menu:Upon completion of the topic the student will be able - table d’hoteto: - a la carte - special3.1 identify large and small equipment in the food • Menu terminology service and ancillary service areas • Factors affecting menu compilation.3.2 identify and describe the function and care of hand tools and equipment3.3 list the safety measures that should be taken 5.0 Preparation and Service of Non-Alcoholic when using equipment in the food service area Beverage3.4 describe appropriate cleaning procedures for all equipment. ObjectiveContent Upon completion of the topic the student will be able to:• Large equipment.• Small equipment. 5.1 classify and describe methods of preparation• Hand tools and utensils. and service of non-alcoholic beverages.• Safe equipment usage.• Care and cleaning of equipment. Content • Tea and variations.4.0 Menu Knowledge • Coffee and variations. • Chocolate and malted milk.Objectives • Mineral waters. - naturalUpon completion of the topic the student will be able - manufacturedto: • Syrups. • Fruit juices.4.1 define the term “menu” • Squashes.4.2 name the different kinds of menus4.3 explain a variety of menu terms4.4 list foods that may be cooked to order and 6.0 Stillroom Preparations indicate the cooking times4.5 identify terms that are used to denote the Objectives degree of cooking required.4.6 list and describe the major points that should Upon completion of the topic the student will be able be considered when compiling a menu. to:4.7 classify and describe a variety of dishes and name their accompaniment 6.1 describe the correct procedures for preparing4.8 identify the necessary equipment for lay-up pots, pats, and curls of butter and service of particular course. 6.2 name a variety of toasts and indicate which4.9 discuss reasons for the sequence of courses, dishes they accompany. and give examples of smaller menu 6.3 name the methods of preparing limes, lemons compositions. and oranges for service with tea, etc.4.10 explain the factors affecting the customer’s 6.4 suggest methods of preparing the salt cruet to choice of a meal ensure that the salt flows freely.4.11 identify the courses that form the menu for 6.5 define the term “proprietary sauce”. breakfast, luncheon, dinner and indicate their 6.6 name a variety of brands of proprietary sauces. usual order. 6.7 classify and name popular jams and jellies and preserves, and indicate the meals in which they will be served. 21

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