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The Open Science Agenda in Europe: Policy convergence & diversity of approaches

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The Open Science Agenda in Europe: Policy convergence & diversity of approaches

  1. 1. The Open Science Agenda in Europe: Policy convergence & diversity of approaches Susan Reilly Executive Director SPARC More, March 6th @skreilly
  2. 2. Overview  Introduction to LIBER Open Science in Europe: how did we get here? Highlights Open Science Cloud Copyright reform Open access
  3. 3. What is LIBER?  A pan-European membership organisation representing 420+ research libraries from across Europe Mission to create an information infrastructure that enables research in LIBER institutions to be world class
  4. 4. LIBER on Open Science
  5. 5. Our Advocacy Strategy Open Science
  6. 6. Council of Europe European Commission • H2020 Open Data Pilot • Digital Single Market • Open Science Cloud • Development of open science agenda • Importance of skills, infra Open Science in Europe European Parliament • Copyright legislation • H2020 funding
  7. 7. Science in Transition: from Science 2.0 to Open Science  EU consultation on Science 2.0 (July- September 2014)  498 responses and 27 position statements  43% of respondents chose “Open Science” as their preferred term out of 6 terms
  8. 8. Drivers for Open Science
  9. 9. Areas for Policy Intervention  Open Access & Copyright  Citizen Science  Researchers’ Careers  Peer Review & Research Evaluation  New Metrics  Other: Funding, Skills, Infra
  10. 10. Polarity of Positions
  11. 11. Convergence: The Digital Single Market Strategy (May 2015)  Online access for consumers and business across Europe  Fit for purpose copyright framework  Maximising the growth potential of the digital economy  Build a data economy  Interoperability and standardisation  Inclusive e-society  Digital skills
  12. 12. Convergence: Open Science Cloud (OSC)  “a trusted environment for hosting and processing research data to support EU science in its global leading role”  H2020 Open Data Pilot  Proliferation of Infrastructure  Need for Interoperability  Drive for Knowledge transfer
  13. 13. LIBER on the OSC  “Open & Community Driven” http://libereurope.eu/blog/2015/11/04/an-open-and-community-driven- open-science-cloud  Not sufficient to provide infrastructure  Skills and training  Local support  Incentivise Open Science  Commons
  14. 14. Convergence: Copyright  Recognition that copyright needs to be modernised to support Open Science and the Digital Single Market  European Commission to publish proposals for copyright reform in June 2016  TDM  Cross Border
  15. 15. Copyright & TDM • TDM potentially worth 5.3 billion euro a year to European research budget (2%) • Knock-on effect would be a minimum of 32.5 billion euro increase in GDP • Increased capacity of digital technology • Licences don’t scale and infringe academic freedom
  16. 16. Elsevier TDM Policy • Access through API only • Text only- no images, tables • Research must register details • Click-through licence • Terms can change any time • Reproducibility of results
  17. 17. 1. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY WAS NOT DESIGNED TO REGULATE THE FREE FLOW OF FACTS, DATA AND IDEAS, BUT HAS AS A KEY OBJECTIVE THE PROMOTION OF RESEARCH ACTIVITY
  18. 18. 7. Where research funders or other bodies require, and where authors wish, research outputs to be made available under specific licences, these should typically be CC-BY for publications and CC0 for research data. 8. Every university, research organisation, research funder and commercial business should ensure that their policies advocate content mining as a research methodology which has the potential to transform the way research is performed. The growth of open access and open data has been, and will continue to be, a key enabler of content mining.
  19. 19. Divergence: Open Access  Communication From The Commission To The European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic And Social Committee And The Committee Of The Regions (2012)  Policies for open access to scientific articles and data in place in all members states by 2014  60% of publically funded scientific articles available open access by 2016  Various approaches in place  Legislation to enable green OA e.g. Spain, Italy, Germany  Funder/Government mandates e.g.UK & NL  Extra funding for gold  Off-setting agreements
  20. 20. Open Access  OpenAire Open Access Publishing Pilot  New focus on “fair open access”  Concerns over cost of open access: “Christmas is over!”
  21. 21. Research Data
  22. 22. Thank You! Any questions? @skreilly www.libereurope.eu

Editor's Notes

  • LIBER was one of those respondents. In fact we released a statement recognising the importance of open science and calling on the Commission to support 5 key enablers of open science: policy and leadership (roadmaps for open data, coordination of clear policy), advocacy and recognition (promoting open science and recognising contributions, law reform to address contradiction in copyright law, infrastructure (particularly interoperability), roles and skills (training, education, involvement of stakeholders).
  •  It will foster best practices of global data findability and accessibility (FAIR data), help researchers get their data skills recognised and rewarded (careers, altmetrics); help address issues of access and copyright (IPR) and data subject privacy; allow easier replicability of results and limit data wastage e.g. of clinical trial data (research integrity); contribute to clarification of the funding model for data generation and preservation, reducing rent-seeking and priming the market for innovative research services e.g. advanced TDM (new business models).
  • The free flow of information and ideas is an essential human right4. It is a catalyst for the production of human knowledge, which underpins welfare and prosperity. Societies around the world have chosen to protect certain limited rights in intellectual property as incentives both to innovation and the dissemination of knowledge. Intellectual property law was never intended to cover facts, ideas and pure data. However the modern application of intellectual property law is increasingly becoming an obstacle to knowledge creation and dissemination that use even these most simple building blocks of knowledge.
    In some countries, copyright law5 in particular has been interpreted to restrict the ability to apply computer reading and analysis to otherwise legally-available content. Other legislative frameworks such as patent law and database law may have a similar impact. When intellectual property law allows content to be read and analysed manually by humans but not by their machines, it has failed its original purposes.
  • The free flow of information and ideas is an essential human right4. It is a catalyst for the production of human knowledge, which underpins welfare and prosperity. Societies around the world have chosen to protect certain limited rights in intellectual property as incentives both to innovation and the dissemination of knowledge. Intellectual property law was never intended to cover facts, ideas and pure data. However the modern application of intellectual property law is increasingly becoming an obstacle to knowledge creation and dissemination that use even these most simple building blocks of knowledge.
    In some countries, copyright law5 in particular has been interpreted to restrict the ability to apply computer reading and analysis to otherwise legally-available content. Other legislative frameworks such as patent law and database law may have a similar impact. When intellectual property law allows content to be read and analysed manually by humans but not by their machines, it has failed its original purposes.
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