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POLITICIANS AND
THE POLICY
AGENDA: How
Congress drives
NYTimes policy
coverage
Libby Hemphill, PhD
Illinois Institute of T...
Thanks for coming!
libby.hemphill@iit.edu
@libbyh
libbyh.com
casmlab.org
github.com/casmlab
▸ Social media in service of s...
Participation
and Power
1.
AGENDA
SETTING AND
MAINSTREAM
MEDIA
How do issues
get on the
public agenda?
Agenda setting
Public
agenda
Personal experience and interpersonal
communication
Policy
agenda
Media
agenda
Real-world ind...
Agenda setting
Public
agenda
Personal experience and interpersonal
communication
Policy
agenda
Media
agenda
Real-world ind...
Indexing
What are
elites
talking
about?
Are they
debating
it?
Cover
it!
2.
AGENDA
SETTING VIA
SOCIAL MEDIA
How does Twitter
change the way
agenda setting works?
Can indexing theory
adequately ex...
Hypotheses
H1: The index of news about a particular
policy issue grows in proportion to the
breadth of debate about the is...
Hypotheses
H2: The index of news about a particular
policy issue grows in proportion to the
dominance of one party over th...
3.
METHODS AND
DATA SOURCES
Regression
Twitter API
New York Times API
4.
CONGRESS AND
THE NEW YORK
TIMES
For some policy
issues, Twitter
is an effective
route to the
public agenda.
Economy
Marginalized Communities
5.
THE BOTTOM
LINE
Social media is a
legitimate route for
issues to make it on
the public agenda.
Summary
▸ Social media matters: Congress can
influence New York Times coverage of
political topics through Twitter.
▸ Part...
Open Questions
▸ Does the link between mainstream
media and the public agenda still
stand?
▸ Does Congress also get their
...
More questions? Contact me!
libby.hemphill@iit.edu
@libbyh
libbyh.com
casmlab.org
github.com/casmlab
▸ Social media in ser...
CREDITS
Special thanks to all the people who made and released these
awesome resources for free:
▸ Presentation template b...
6.
EVEN MORE
SLIDES
Additional info
and details
Economy Immigration Environment Energy Health Care Marginalized groups
4Jobs CIR ActOnClimate Coal ABetterBargain ChainedC...
New York Times keywords
Economy Immigration Energy Marginalized Groups
Economic Conditions and Trends Illegal Immigrants N...
Politicians and the policy agenda
Politicians and the policy agenda
Politicians and the policy agenda
Politicians and the policy agenda
Politicians and the policy agenda
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Politicians and the policy agenda

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Talk for DePaul College of Computing and Digital Media Colloquium series. Based on the paper
Shapiro, M. and Hemphill, L. (2016) Politicians and the Policy Agenda: Does the U.S. Congress Direct New York Times Content through Twitter? Policy & Internet. doi: 10.1002/poi3.120

Published in: Social Media
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Politicians and the policy agenda

  1. 1. POLITICIANS AND THE POLICY AGENDA: How Congress drives NYTimes policy coverage Libby Hemphill, PhD Illinois Institute of Technology
  2. 2. Thanks for coming! libby.hemphill@iit.edu @libbyh libbyh.com casmlab.org github.com/casmlab ▸ Social media in service of social change ▸ Special attention to power and participation
  3. 3. Participation and Power
  4. 4. 1. AGENDA SETTING AND MAINSTREAM MEDIA How do issues get on the public agenda?
  5. 5. Agenda setting Public agenda Personal experience and interpersonal communication Policy agenda Media agenda Real-world indicators of the importance of an agenda issue or event Gatekeepersandinfluential media
  6. 6. Agenda setting Public agenda Personal experience and interpersonal communication Policy agenda Media agenda Real-world indicators of the importance of an agenda issue or event Gatekeepersandinfluential media
  7. 7. Indexing What are elites talking about? Are they debating it? Cover it!
  8. 8. 2. AGENDA SETTING VIA SOCIAL MEDIA How does Twitter change the way agenda setting works? Can indexing theory adequately explain Twitter’s influence if there is any?
  9. 9. Hypotheses H1: The index of news about a particular policy issue grows in proportion to the breadth of debate about the issue on Twitter.
  10. 10. Hypotheses H2: The index of news about a particular policy issue grows in proportion to the dominance of one party over the other in its Twitter-based discourse.
  11. 11. 3. METHODS AND DATA SOURCES Regression Twitter API New York Times API
  12. 12. 4. CONGRESS AND THE NEW YORK TIMES For some policy issues, Twitter is an effective route to the public agenda.
  13. 13. Economy
  14. 14. Marginalized Communities
  15. 15. 5. THE BOTTOM LINE Social media is a legitimate route for issues to make it on the public agenda.
  16. 16. Summary ▸ Social media matters: Congress can influence New York Times coverage of political topics through Twitter. ▸ Partisanship gets attention: effects are strongest when just one party is talking about the topic. ▸ Indexing theory needs an update - or we need to define “debate” differently.
  17. 17. Open Questions ▸ Does the link between mainstream media and the public agenda still stand? ▸ Does Congress also get their constituents to pay attention through Twitter?
  18. 18. More questions? Contact me! libby.hemphill@iit.edu @libbyh libbyh.com casmlab.org github.com/casmlab ▸ Social media in service of social change ▸ Special attention to power and participation
  19. 19. CREDITS Special thanks to all the people who made and released these awesome resources for free: ▸ Presentation template by SlidesCarnival ▸ Photographs by ▹ TNT ▹ Bjoertvedt (Wikimedia Commons) ▹ terimakashi0 (pixabay)
  20. 20. 6. EVEN MORE SLIDES Additional info and details
  21. 21. Economy Immigration Environment Energy Health Care Marginalized groups 4Jobs CIR ActOnClimate Coal ABetterBargain ChainedCPI MOW50 BalancedBudget CIRMeansJobs Climate Energy ACA DOMA MarriageEquality DebtCeiling Immigration ClimateChange Keystone ACATurns3 ENDA MJIA Economy ImmigrationReform Coal KeystoneXL AskSebelius EndHungerNow MST FiscalCliff TImeIsNow EPA KXL DefundObamacare Equality OffTheSidelines GOPShutDown TImeToBuild TImeToBuild DontFundIt EqualPay PassENDA Jobs WarOnCoal WarOnCoal FairnessForAll EqualPayday PassMJIA NoBudgetNoPay WRRDA FullRepeal Latism PayCheckFairness ObamaFlightDelays GetCovered LGBT StandUpForWomen Obamaquester HCR MarchOn VRA RequireAPlan Healthcare Washington WomenSucceed Sequester KeepYourHealthPlan Sequestration KeepYourPlan Shutdown Medicare SNAP Obamacare SpendingIsTheProblem ObamacareInThreeWords StopTheSequester RateShock Hashtags
  22. 22. New York Times keywords Economy Immigration Energy Marginalized Groups Economic Conditions and Trends Illegal Immigrants Natural Gas Blacks Federal Budget (US) Illegal Immigration Nuclear Energy Civil Rights and Liberties Income Tax Immigration and Emigration Oil (Petroleum) and Gasoline Discrimination Labor and Jobs Power (Electric Light and Power; Energy and Power) Elder Care Layoffs and Job Reductions Environment Elderly National Debt (US) Environment Health Care Homosexuality Recession and Depression Global Warming Healthcare.gov Hispanic-Americans Shutdowns (Institutional) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Health Insurance and Managed Care Income Inequality Taxation Pollution (Air Pollution; Water Pollution) Medicaid Minimum Wage United States Economy Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Poverty Unemployment Race and Ethnicity Wages and Salaries Same-sex Marriage, Civil Unions and Domestic Partnerships Sexual Harassment Unemployment Insurance

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