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Safety in the Workplace.pptx

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Safety in the Workplace.pptx

  1. 1. Prepared by: Benedict A. De Jesus
  2. 2. a. Identify the safety measures in the workplace; b. Be acquainted with the Occupational Health Safe and Healthy Standards; and c. Cite ways on how hazards are prevented.
  3. 3. -To warn workers who may be exposed to hazards in the workplace, - for everyone’s safety. According to Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE)
  4. 4. Safety signs and symbols are important safety communicating tools, they help to indicate various hazards that present in plant site or workplace. At the same time, they warn workers to always keep watching out for those hazards by giving required information and safety instructions.
  5. 5. Meaning of Safety Signs in the Workplace RED – Means Danger Alarm/Prohibited. A red symbol indicates the need to avoid or otherwise evacuate a premise or any dangerous behavior within an area. Examples: Do Not Enter, Do Not Touch YELLOW/AMBER – Means Warning. Anyone encountering a yellow symbol must take more precaution and be cautious as well as aware of the area or situation. Examples: General Warning, Magnetic Field, Electric Shock BLUE – Means Mandatory. Any sign with Blue symbols dictates a specific safety behavior such as wearing the proper personal protective equipment (PPE). Examples: Wash Hands, Safety Glasses Required GREEN – Means Emergency Escape. It also indicates no danger and first aid. Green signs can be placed on exit doors and escape routes. Examples: First Aid Kit, Eyewash Station, Emergency Exit
  6. 6. One of the main advantages of using an organized safety symbol system is that it’s universal and recognized across languages and levels of experience. Using images and symbols warns people of dangers faster and easier than words. The basic use of safety symbols is to prevent people from getting into accidents. Inside a workplace, signs are also placed as reminders to workers of the hazards surrounding them. Despite the training that workers have, there may be times when they forget the immediate risks around their work. Using safety symbols and signs, they can be consistently reminded to take more precaution. Safety symbols can also be utilized in the workplace to inform people of certain dangers and how to avoid them.
  7. 7. The Occupational Safety and Health Standards was formulated in 1978 in compliance with the constitutional mandate to safeguard the worker’s social and economic well-being as well as his physical safety and health. Adopted through the tested democratic machinery of tripartism, the 1978 Standards is considered as a landmark in Philippine labor and social legislation. OSHS aims to protect every workingman and woman against the dangers of injury, sickness or death through safe and healthful working conditions, therebyassuring the conservation of valuable manpower resources and the prevention of loss or damage to lives and properties, consistent with national development goals and with the State’s commitment for the total development of every worker as a complete human being.
  8. 8. (1) Each employer covered by the provisions of these Standards shall: a. furnish his workers a place of employment free from hazardous conditions that are causing or are likely to cause death, illness or physical harm to his workers; b. Give complete job safety instructions to all his workers, especially to those entering the job for the first time, including those relating to the familiarization with their work environment, hazards to which the workers are exposed to and steps taken in case of emergency; c. Comply with the requirements of this Standards; and d. use only approved devices and equipment in his workplace. Duties of Employers, Workers and other Persons:
  9. 9. (2) Each worker shall; a. Cooperate with the employer in carrying out the provisions of this Standards b. report to his supervisor any work hazard that may be discovered in his workplace. c. Make proper use of all safeguards and safety devices furnished in accordance with the provisions of this Standards for his protection and that of others, and shall follow all instructions given by the employer in compliance with the provisions of this Standards. d. use personal protection and safety equipment as required by the employer e. Follow work safe procedures
  10. 10. Now that our country is in time of crisis, here are some SPECIFIC GUIDELINES that DOH implements: 1. The employer must ensure that the workspace is properly disinfected, ventilated, and maintained. 2. The employer shall also provide proper visual reminders for safety policies around the workplace toimprove compliance. 3. Other prevention and control measures are: • Conduct daily temperature and symptom monitoring and recording of all staff who report for work. • Establish referral network for employees who will develop symptoms. • Employers must enforce infection control procedures such as physical distancing, wearing of masks, meticulous hand hygiene, and cough etiquette. • Appropriate PPE shall also be worn based on the setting of their work (e.g. face shields and masks for those who render service via face-to- face encounters, full PPE for frontline healthcare workers, • Employers shall implement activities to promote physical and mental resilience among their employees and workers, and measures to reduce transmission, contact rate and risk of infection.
  11. 11. WHAT IS HAZARD? Hazard is anything with potential to cause injury, illness, or damage.
  12. 12. TYPES OF HAZARD 1. Physical Hazards. These are brought by unhealthy working conditions, poor lighting, poor ventilation, insufficient facilities, inefficient or faulty equipment or machine, and improper work practices like wrong use of knives. 2. Biological Hazards. These are brought about by workers infected with diseases or illnesses, unhygienic personal practices that can transmit bacteria, parasites, fungi to other workers and food and equipment being handled. Hence, it is advised that Covid-19 probable cases should be isolated right away.
  13. 13.  Ergonomic Hazards. These are brought by poor posture when working long periods of standing, bending, pushing, lifting, carrying that can cause body stress, muscle pains, and soreness, back injury, numbness of hands, feet and other parts of the body  Psychological Hazards. These are brought by too much stress from work that may cause mental emotional strains, anxieties, depression- losing focus on one’s work and others
  14. 14. RULE 1013: Hazardous Workplaces a. Where the nature of work exposes the workers to dangerous environmental elements, contaminants or work conditions including ionizing radiation, chemicals, fire, flammable substances, noxious components and the like; b. Where the workers are engaged in construction work, logging, fire fighting, mining, quarrying, blasting, stevedoring, dock work, deep-sea fishing and mechanized farming; c. Where the workers are engaged in the manufacture or handling of explosives and other pyrotechnic products; d. Where the workers use or are exposed to power driven or explosive powder actuated tools; e. Where the workers are exposed to biologic agents such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, protozoas, nematodes, and other parasites
  15. 15. Be sure that every individual in the workplace is aware of the problem. Inform or notify your supervisor. Unless you are the supervisor, then get going on that safety committee plan. Make a follow up. Informing about the hazard is not an assurance that problem is resolved, unless you make follow ups. Record or file any reports or documents about the problem.
  16. 16. Identifying the hazard is not the only way to make everyone safe. You and I have …… • to keep ourselves clean, • to keep the food clean, and • to keep the workplace clean.
  17. 17. A. To Keep Oneself Clean • Wash hands thoroughly • Keep the finger nails short and clean. • Always wear PPE while at work. • Wear mask anywhere and anytime. • Remove all accessories before working. B. To keep the Food Clean A.Never handle food when you have wounds, cuts, and infections. B.Refrigerate food, especially perishable ones. C.Keep food in clean containers with cover. D.Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before use. E.Check food and containers for any possible contamination. F.Clean the containers of ingredients regularly. G.Follow the policy of first in, first out. Those stored earlier should be used first before those stored later. H.Label package of food to determine information.
  18. 18. C. To Keep the Workplace Clean 1. Do not do personal hygiene activities in the workplace. 2. Do not eat, smoke or spit in the workplace. 3. Do not sit on equipment and worktables. 4. Keep the surrounding areas free from dirt and disorganization. 5. Follow the Japanese philosophy of good housekeeping- 5S sort/seiri, set-in-order/seiton, sweep/seiso, standardize/seiketsu, and sustain/shitsuke.

Editor's Notes

  • As a work immersion student they must know the safety in the workplace for their future works.

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