The valley was created by the movement of two fault lines in the earth, and it is responsible for creating mountains, valleys and lakes found throughout this area. In fact, the highest point on the African continent is found in the Great Rift Valley—Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, which reaches 19,340 feet above sea level. The valley was created by the movement of two fault lines in the earth, and it is responsible for creating mountains, valleys and lakes found throughout this area. In fact, the highest point on the African continent is found in the Great Rift Valley—Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, which reaches 19,340 feet above sea level. Created through the rifting and separation of the African and Arabian tectonic plates that began 35 million years ago
Physical geo of africa
Location• Where is Africa located?• Which hemisphere is Africa located?• What major bodies of water surround the continent of Africa?
Africa is the only continent in the worldthat is located in all four hemispheres!
MediterraneanAtlantic SeaOcean Red Sea Indian Ocean
Quiz time ….Which country is the only country toborder both the Mediterranean Sea andthe Atlantic Ocean? MoroccoWhich country is the only country toborder both the Indian Ocean and theAtlantic Ocean? South Africa
Cape Agulhas – southernmost point of African continent and dividing linebetween the Atlantic and Indian Oceans
Quiz time ….Which countries lie in both the northernand southern hemispheres? Gabon, Rep. of the Congo, Dem. Rep. of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, SomaliaWhich countries lie in both the westernand eastern hemispheres? (south of theSahara) Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana
Place(What makes Africa different from other places?)• What types of climate does Africa have?• What types of physical features are there in Africa?
Lake Tanganyika• Second largest lake of Africa• Longest lake of the world• Deepest lake on the African continent• Second deepest in the world (Lake Baikal in Russia is the deepest)• Oldest lake in Africa and perhaps in the world
Victoria FallsLocated inZimbabwe on the Zambezi River
Victoria Falls is Victoria Falls twice as wide and twice as deep as Niagara FallsThus creating thelargest curtain of water in the world!
The snow- cappedmountain is located in Tanzaniaand is the highest point in Africa.
However, Kilimanjaro may not always be snow-capped! The glaciers of Kilimanjaro are melting at an alarming rate!
Why? Humans … global warming, deforestation, and honey! Tribes people collecting honey smoke the bees out of the hives, oftenstarting fires. The loss of foliage reduces moisture in the air, thus reducingmuch needed cloud cover, thus letting in more sunlight that melts more ice!
If the current rate of melting continues, scientists predict that the glaciersthat have covered Kilimanjaro for over 12,000 years will be totally gone by 2020 – less than 8 years from now!
Arabian tectonic plateGreat RiftValleyAfrican tectonic plate
•Vastgeologicalfeature thatruns north tosouth for6,000 miles•From Syria inSouthwestAsia toMozambiquein East Africa
As the tectonic plates continue tobreak apart, the riftwill become bigger and bigger untilfinally breaking offfrom the rest of thecontinent of Africa… in about 20 billion years! Thus, creating a whole new island continent!
A few other aspects to look at … …enclave, exclave, and landlocked
Swaziland LesothoWhat is an enclave? A country that is entirely surrounded, or mostly surrounded, by anothercountry. Lesotho and Swaziland are examples.
So, what isan exclave? Territory of acountry that is separatedfrom the main part of the country by foreign territory. Cabinda is an exclave of Angola.
LandlockedShut incompletelyby land …having nodirect accessto the sea …Rwanda andUganda areexamples