Contains a figure from the knees/waist up and isnormally used for dialogue scenes, or to show somedetail of action. Background detail is minimal,probably because location has been established earlierin the scene - the audience already know where theyare and now want to focus on dialogue and characterinteraction.
Not so extreme as a birds eye view. The camera is elevated above theaction using a crane to give a general overview. High angles make theobject photographed seem smaller, and less significant (or scary). Theobject or character often gets swallowed up by their setting - theybecome part of a wider picture.
Shows some (other) part of the subject in detail. A ‘cut in’during film editing occurs between either two different objects,two different spaces, or two different compositions in which anobject in the two shots graphically match.
This can be taken from as much as a quarter of a mile away, and is usually usedas a scene-setting, establishing shot. It normally shows an EXTERIOR, eg theoutside of a building, or a landscape, and is often used to show scenes ofthrilling action There will be very little detail visible in the shot, its meant togive a general impression rather than specific information.
A shot of two people, framed similarly to a mid shot. A two shot is a term used in stillphotography, television and film to describe a picture with two people in the frame.Two shots are vital to every television program and movie. They show relationshipsbetween people and allow the audience to see the proximity of the characters forthemselves. Without two shots, it would seem like people are not really interacting.
This shows very little background, and concentrates on either a face, or a specificdetail of mise en scène. Everything else is just a blur in the background. This shotmagnifies the object (think of how big it looks on a cinema screen) and shows theimportance of things, be it words written on paper, or the expression on someonesface. The close-up takes us into the mind of a character.
OVER-THE-SHOULDER-SHOT, which positions the camerabehind one figure, revealing the other figure, and part of the firstfigures back, head and shoulder. In this case himself in the mirror!
A reaction shot usually implies the display of some sort of emotion on the face of theactor being shown, and is therefore most commonly a close-up shot (although a groupof actors may be shown reacting together). It’s main purpose is to show an emotionalresponse to the immediately preceding action or words of another character in thescene.
As its name suggests, an extreme version of the close up, generallymagnifying beyond what the human eye would experience in reality. Anextreme close-up of a face, for instance, would show only the mouth or eyes,with no background detail whatsoever. This is a very artificial shot, and canbe used for dramatic effect.