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Toulmin

Toulmin Theory of Argumentation

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Toulmin

  1. 1. Constructing an argument<br />Toulmin Style<br />
  2. 2. What car should we buy?<br />
  3. 3. Enthymeme 1<br />We should buy this Geo Metro because it is extremely economical.<br />
  4. 4. Enthymeme 2<br />We should buy this used Volvo because it is very safe.<br />
  5. 5. Enthymeme 3<br />We should buy this Ford Falcon because it is red.<br />
  6. 6. We should buy this Geo Metro because it is extremely economical.<br />Assumption<br />Economy is the major criterion we should use when buying a car.<br />
  7. 7. We should buy this used Volvo because it is very safe.<br />Assumption<br />?<br />
  8. 8. We should buy this Ford Falcon because it is red.<br />Assumption<br />?<br />
  9. 9. Support or Refute<br />Criterion<br />reason<br />or<br />
  10. 10. Economy is the major criterion we should use when buying a car.<br />Assumption<br />We should buy this Geo Metro because it is extremely economical.<br />Reason<br />
  11. 11. Toulmin Terminology<br />We should buy this used Volvo. <br />Claim<br />Reason<br />It is very safe. <br />We should buy the car that is the safest. <br />Warrant<br />
  12. 12. Toulmin Terminology<br />Claim<br />We should buy this used Volvo. <br />It is very safe. <br />Reason<br />(Support)<br />Grounds<br />We should buy the car that is the safest. <br />Warrant<br />(assumption)<br />Backing<br />
  13. 13. These examples come from the Instructor’s Manuel for Writing Arguments: A Rhetoric with Readings by John D. Ramage and John C. Bean, which is available online at the site below:<br />http://www.abacon.com/compsite/instructors/conline/toulmin.html<br />

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