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# The Big Four

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### The Big Four

1. 1. Experimental Design: The Big 4
2. 2. IV DV Control Constants
3. 3. IV
4. 4. IV Independent variable
5. 5. IV Independent variable Manipulated variable
6. 6. IV Independent variable Manipulated variable the thing “i” change
7. 7. IV Independent variable Manipulated variable the thing “i” change Example: type of fertilizer
8. 8. IV in an experiment on the effectiveness of cleaners, brian used 4 different types of cleaner: bleach, windex, vinegar, and water.
9. 9. IV in an experiment on the effectiveness of cleaners, brian used 4 different types of cleaner: bleach, windex, vinegar, and water.
10. 10. DV
11. 11. DV dependent variable
12. 12. DV dependent variable Measured variable
13. 13. DV dependent variable Measured variable The “response” to the change
14. 14. DV dependent variable Measured variable The “response” to the change example: plant growth
15. 15. DV in an experiment on the effectiveness of cleaners, brian Measured the percentage of residue remaining after each cleaner was applied.
16. 16. DV in an experiment on the effectiveness of cleaners, brian Measured the percentage of residue remaining after each cleaner was applied.
17. 17. Control
18. 18. Control used for comparison
19. 19. Control used for comparison usually the “most normal” test group
20. 20. Control used for comparison usually the “most normal” test group may also be a degree of the iv with “lowest value”
21. 21. control in an experiment on the effectiveness of cleaners, brian used 4 different types of cleaner: bleach, windex, vinegar, and water.
22. 22. control in an experiment on the effectiveness of cleaners, brian used 4 different types of cleaner: bleach, windex, vinegar, and water.
23. 23. constants
24. 24. constants stay the same
25. 25. constants stay the same prove the effectiveness of the iv
26. 26. constants stay the same prove the effectiveness of the iv look for values that are held “constant” for each test group
27. 27. constants 2 brian set up 4-2 in tiles. he labeled the tiles a,b,c, and d. Each tile was submersed in a 1:1 mixture of motor oil and tar for 30 sec. they were then allowed to dry for 24 hrs. brian then poured 50 ml of each cleaner on the appropriate tile and wiped the tile 1 time from top to bottom with a clean 4 in sponge.
28. 28. constants 2 brian set up 4-2 in tiles. he labeled the tiles a,b,c, and d. Each tile was submersed in a 1:1 mixture of motor oil and tar for 30 sec. they were then allowed to dry for 24 hrs. brian then poured 50 ml of each cleaner on the appropriate tile and wiped the tile 1 time from top to bottom with a clean 4 in sponge.
29. 29. #1 The responding variable in an experiment is the... independent variable dependent variable
30. 30. #1 The responding variable in an experiment is the... independent variable dependent variable
31. 31. #2 the test group that is used for comparison is the... control constant
32. 32. #2 the test group that is used for comparison is the... control constant
33. 33. #3 factors that are kept the same in an investigation... controls constants variables
34. 34. #3 factors that are kept the same in an investigation... controls constants variables