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Islam (ppt)

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Islam (ppt)

  1. 1. Islam <ul><li>Window Notes </li></ul>
  2. 2. Tenets <ul><li>Monotheistic </li></ul><ul><li>Believe in Prophet Muhammad and one God called Allah </li></ul><ul><li>Adheres to 5 Pillars of Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Sunnah guides Muslims’ behaviors </li></ul>
  3. 3. Supreme Being: Allah Sacred Text: The Qur’an Followers: 1.5 billion adherents Place of Worship: Mosque Holy Land: Mecca
  4. 4. Mecca
  5. 5. Islam and the Five Themes of Geography <ul><li>Place </li></ul>
  6. 10. Five Pillars of Islam <ul><li>Confession of Faith: “There is no God but God; Muhammad is the Prophet of God” </li></ul><ul><li>Ritual Prayer (5 times per day) </li></ul><ul><li>Charitable Donations (2.5% of wealth) </li></ul><ul><li>Fasting (no eating or drinking) </li></ul><ul><li>Hajj (pilgrimmage or journey to Mecca) </li></ul>
  7. 11. Branches of Islam <ul><li>Separate branches emerged over who should lead the faith after the Prophet’s death </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shi’ia (Shi’ite) -- Muslim leadership should stay in Muhammad’s family (10% of Muslims) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sunni -- most qualified should be selected to lead (90% of Muslims) </li></ul></ul></ul>

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