People and society 2013


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People and society 2013

  1. 1. New views on people and life during the Enlightenment PEOPLE AND SOCIETY
  2. 2. • Most leaders were absolute monarchs - kings who held all the power - had little respect for the average person. • Religious leaders told people that the purpose of this life was to do good deeds in order to get to heaven. Many aspects of life had religious ties. • The average person had no say in government or the creation of laws. • Only wealthy men had access to a good education. • Children were viewed as small adults. • Women were seen as inferior to men. VIEWS ON PEOPLE AND SOCIETY BEFORE THE ENLIGHTENMENT
  3. 3. • Thomas Hobbes was an Enlightenment thinker who had a very negative view of humanity. • He thought humans were basically beasts and needed to be controlled by a strong government. • Hobbes believed if man was left to his own devices he would kill, steal, and destroy civilization. THOMAS HOBBES
  4. 4. • John Locke had a very different view of humans. He thought people were generally good and deserved to have more rights and freedoms. • Locke believed everybody deserved to have their natural rights - life, liberty, and property - protected. JOHN LOCKE
  5. 5. • Rousseau believed that people weren't born good or bad, but who we become was determined by society. • Rousseau also advocated that children be loved and cared for and that every male regardless of social status have the opportunity to get an education. JEAN - JACQUES ROSSEAU
  6. 6. She strongly disagreed with Rousseau’s views on women. Wollstonecraft said that women needed as much, if not more education than men if they were to be responsible for raising children. Argued that women could contribute equally in society. MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT
  7. 7. • Voltaire believed that people should have freedom of speech and that they should be allowed to criticize religion and government/leaders without being punished. • Voltaire also believed that people should be tolerant of others' beliefs even if they disagreed with them, and no one should be punished for their beliefs. VOLTAIRE
  8. 8. • Enlightenment thinkers had a lot of ideas that were different from the thoughts of the Middle Ages. • Some thinkers had a positive view of mankind while others had a negative view. • New ideas about children and education emerged. • Voltaire as well as other Enlightenment thinkers believed that church and state/government should be separated. They believed that government should be secular - having no religious affiliations/connections. • Many Enlightenment thinkers believed the common person should have more rights and freedoms. • More focus on the individual person rather than society as a whole. KEY POINTS