The Balkans (# 1 & 2)• The Balkans (the countries of: Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria, Albania & Greece) were known as Europe’s “powder keg”.• They were known as this because there were very high nationalist tensions between the countries in that region.
Serbia’s National Goals (#3 – 5) • The people that lived in Serbia were Slavic. • Serbia’s goal was to unite all the Slavic people into one country. • Russia supported Serbia since a lot of Russia’s population was Slavic. • Austria – Hungary was not happy because they were worried the Slavic people in their empire would want to leave and join Serbia.
Bosnia & Herzegovinia (#6 &7)• In 1908 Austria- Hungary took control over Bosnia & Herzegovinia a Slavic region in the Balkans.• Serbia was really angry and this almost led to a war, but both sides backed down.
Tensions Rise (#8) “We’re • By 1914 tensions in ready! Are you?” the Balkans had increased. “Prepare for war!” • Serbia had gained more territory and power in the region. • Austria-Hungary was worried Serbia would try to take over Bosnia & Herzegovina.
Franz Ferdinand (#9 & 10)• Franz Ferdinand was the Austrian Archduke, meaning he would be the next leader of the Austrian – Hungarian empire.• On June 28, 1914 while visiting Bosnia he was assassinated!
The Black Hand (# 11) • The Black Hand was a Slavic nationalist group that was responsible for the assassination. • The person who assassinated Franz Ferdinand was from Serbia, so Austria blamed Serbia for his death.
The Ultimatum (#12 – 14)• In response to the assassination Austria issued an ultimatum to Serbia.• The ultimatum had many terms that were unfair to Serbia, and they tried to negotiate.• This led to war!