Background to revolution_in_china[1]


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Background to revolution_in_china[1]

  1. 1. Background to Communism in China
  2. 2. China Before Civil War <ul><li>From 1611 – 1911 China was imperial/ruled by dynasties. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1911 the last dynasty crumpled and China became a republic. A nationalist party came to power. </li></ul><ul><li>The Nationalist party didn’t really trust the US based on past actions, so they had a shaky friendship with the Soviet Union. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nationalists vs. Communists <ul><li>In 1925 a man named Jiang Jieshi (also known as Chiang Kaishek) took over the Nationalist party. </li></ul><ul><li>Many members of the Nationalist party were communist. Jiang Jieshi didn’t like this and chased them out of the party. Jieshi said he wanted to, “eliminate the cancer of communism.” </li></ul><ul><li>Many communists fled to the countryside of China to avoid being executed. </li></ul>
  4. 4. World War II <ul><li>In 1937 Japan invaded Manchuria, and in 1939 World War II broke out. </li></ul><ul><li>Jiang Jieshi now had bigger concerns than the communists. This gave them a chance to regroup and get their party back together. </li></ul><ul><li>During this time Mao Zedong (Tse-tung) became the communist leader/organizer. </li></ul>
  5. 6. The Communists Strike Back <ul><li>During the war Mao had been gathering supporters in Northwest China. </li></ul><ul><li>He won the support of many peasants by teaching them to read and helping to increase food production. </li></ul><ul><li>Jiang Jieshi dominated in the southern areas, but his troops weren’t as loyal and the Nationalist leaders were very corrupt. </li></ul><ul><li>The US sent the Nationalist army money to fight the Japanese during World War II, and later money to fight the Communists. This money often ended up in the hands of corrupt officers. </li></ul><ul><li>As the economy was failing and it became obvious the Nationalists were corrupt more people began believing in Mao and joining the Communists. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Communist Victory <ul><li>Although the Nationalist army received lots of aid and was larger than the Communist army they were not loyal. </li></ul><ul><li>Mao’s forces used guerilla tactics and were very dedicated. </li></ul><ul><li>In October 1949 Mao and the Communists gained control of China. The Nationalists retreated to the island of Taiwan . </li></ul>
  7. 8. People’s Republic of China <ul><li>Mao renamed declared his country to be the People’s Republic of China. </li></ul><ul><li>Mao had a lot of support within the country (80% were peasants). </li></ul><ul><li>The US was not pleased by this. Especially in February 1950 when Mao signed a treaty of friendship with the Soviet Union. </li></ul>