Environment, food and industrial micro lecture for exam 3

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Environment, food and industrial micro lecture for exam 3

  1. 1. MICROBIAL GENETICS & MICROBIAL INTERACTIONS Last Lecture Sets for Examination 3Monday, February 27, 2012
  2. 2. ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS AND MICROBES ANTAGONISMMonday, February 27, 2012
  3. 3. ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS AND MICROBES (Fungi and algae)Monday, February 27, 2012
  4. 4. ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS AND MICROBES : bacteria & legumesMonday, February 27, 2012
  5. 5. ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS AND MICROBES : ruminants and microbesMonday, February 27, 2012
  6. 6. ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS AND MICROBES : fungi and plantsMonday, February 27, 2012
  7. 7. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY:RESEARCH AREASMonday, February 27, 2012
  8. 8. MICROBES AND THE BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLESMonday, February 27, 2012
  9. 9. MICROBES AND THE BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLESMonday, February 27, 2012
  10. 10. Microbial decomposition Proteins and waste products Amino acids Microbial ammonification Amino acids (–NH2) Ammonia (NH3) Nitrosomonas Ammonium ion (NH4 +) Nitrite ion (NO2- ) Nitrobacter Nitrite ion (NO2 -) Nitrate ion (NO3- ) Pseudmonas Nitrate ion (NO3 -) N2 Nitrogen - fixation N2 Ammonia (NH3)Monday, February 27, 2012
  11. 11. MICROBES AND THE BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLESMonday, February 27, 2012
  12. 12. Microbial decomposition Proteins and waste products Amino acids Microbial dissimilation Amino acids (–SH) H 2S Thiobacillus H 2S SO42– (for energy) Microbial & plant assimilation SO4 2– Amino acidsMonday, February 27, 2012
  13. 13. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY Bioremediation Use of microbes to detoxify or degrade pollutants; enhanced by nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer Bioaugmentation Addition of specific microbes to degrade of pollutant Composting Arranging organic waste to promote microbialMonday, February 27, 2012
  14. 14. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: BIOFILMS application as surfactantMonday, February 27, 2012
  15. 15. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: BIOLUMINESCENCE application as biomarkerMonday, February 27, 2012
  16. 16. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: WATER QUALITY TESTINGMonday, February 27, 2012
  17. 17. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: WATER QUALITY TESTING MUGMonday, February 27, 2012
  18. 18. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: WATER QUALITY TESTING MUGMonday, February 27, 2012
  19. 19. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: WATER QUALITY TESTING β- galactosidase MUGMonday, February 27, 2012
  20. 20. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: WATER QUALITY TESTING β- galactosidase MUG fluorescent compoundMonday, February 27, 2012
  21. 21. WATER TREATMENT PROCESSMonday, February 27, 2012
  22. 22. FOOD PRESERVATION : CANNING QUALITY CONTROL: COMMERCIAL STERILIZATIONMonday, February 27, 2012
  23. 23. FERMENTATION Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sugar Ethyl alcohol + CO2 Lactic acid bacteria Malic acid Lactic acid Acetobacter or Gluconobacter Ethyl alcohol Acetic acidMonday, February 27, 2012
  24. 24. FERMENTATIONMonday, February 27, 2012
  25. 25. Yeast FermentationsMonday, February 27, 2012

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