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The constitution new

  1. 1. The Constitution<br />Fall 2009 ---black and gold…for all you Mizzou fans…puke <br />
  2. 2. Articles of Confederation<br />Made during the Revolutionary War<br />Implemented Right after the war ended<br />Had a lot of problems…why?<br />No one had the power to really do anything…<br />
  3. 3. For example: Under the Articles of Confederation, the government could NOT…<br />Raise taxes – couldn’t pay off Rev. War debt<br />Very hard to change (needed a unanimous vote)<br />Congress couldn’t regulate trade between states<br />No president- there was a congress and the men took turns running the Congress, one year terms<br />Sates had most of the power<br />No national money<br />Sizes of states didn’t matter, each state got one vote<br />Only one branch of government <br />
  4. 4. Why couldn’t they do these things?<br />The founding fathers were afraid that someone would abuse the power of the government…its what they were most afraid of<br />
  5. 5. So, they got together to fix the Articles of Confederation<br />But it was so messed up, they decided to make a whole new governing document!<br />That brings us to The Constitution<br />The very beginning of The Constitution has a list of goals…its called the Preamble –(pre because it comes before the rest of the document – it’s the introduction)<br />
  6. 6. By FRIDAY: you will memorize the Preamble…lucky you!<br />But what the heck is it talking about? Let’s find out.<br />Blah, blah, blah….<br />
  7. 7. We, the people of the United States<br />
  8. 8. In order to form a more perfect union,<br />
  9. 9. Establish Justice,<br />
  10. 10. Insure domestic tranquility, <br />
  11. 11. Provide for the Common Defense,<br />
  12. 12. Promote the General Welfare,<br />
  13. 13. And secure the blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our posterity,<br />
  14. 14. Do ordain and establish this Constitution of the United States of America<br />
  15. 15. What was the “GREAT COMPROMISE?”<br />First of all, what is a compromise?<br />The great compromise has to do with Congress and how each states votes are counted.<br />You give a little to get a little <br />Of what you want. <br />
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  18. 18. What was the compromise about?<br />Big states felt their votes should be counted more because they had more people<br />Little states were worried that if the big states had too much power, the little states would never be able to get what they wanted. <br />
  19. 19. Resolution aka “The Great Compromise”<br />We would have two houses: the House of Representatives has votes based off the # of people in each state (435 people; different # from each state)<br />The Senate has the same number of votes for each state (100 people; 2 from each state)<br />
  20. 20. But that led to another problem…Ugh…<br />Should slaves be counted in the population of a state for the House of Representatives?<br />Southern states said…<br />Northern states said…<br />
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  22. 22. So…they came up with “The 3/5 Compromise”<br />Slaves could be counted as 3/5 of one person<br />So, how many slaves do you need to have 6 people added to your state total…<br />Use your math…I know you’re learning about fractions!<br />10! 10 slaves would only count as 6 people…<br />
  23. 23. Constution BAV<br />Amendment – formal change to a document<br />Compromise – giving something up to get what you want<br />Domestic/foreign – in or from a country/in or from another country<br />Federalism – national and local government working at the same time<br />Impeach – kick out a government official from office<br />Plurality – having the most number of votes…but not necessarily a majority<br />Preamble – an introduction to a document<br />Ratify – to formally approve<br />Suffrage – the right to vote<br />Temperance – the avoidance of using alcohol<br />Unconstitutional – a law that goes against something in the constitution<br />
  24. 24. Learning Target #14<br />
  25. 25. Why do their term lengths vairy?<br />So that way, not everyone is new at the same time….we stagger our leadership so that someone always knows what’s going on<br />
  26. 26. AMENDMENTS<br />1-10 = THE BILL OF RIGHTS<br />Open “we the people book” to page 157 and get our your learning targets<br /><br />
  27. 27. Ranking the Amendments<br />1, 2, 10, 18, 19<br />1, 5, 10, 15, 22<br />1, 3, 5, 8, 13<br />1, 3, 4, 13, 18<br />1, 2, 4, 9, 26<br />