Post 1800


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Post 1800

  1. 1. Post Election of 1800<br />
  2. 2. BAV: UNCONSTITUTIONAL<br />UN = opposite of<br />Constitutional = if something follows the guidelines of the U.S. Constitution<br />
  3. 3. Election of 1800<br />
  4. 4. Tripoli Declares war on the US<br />
  5. 5. 1803 – Marbury vs. Madison<br />Chief Justice John Marshall ↑<br />
  6. 6. Anatomy of a Supreme Court Case<br />Marbury vs. Madison<br />The one being sued<br />The person suing <br />P.S. He’ll be the next President <br />
  7. 7. 1803 – Marbury vs. Madison<br />UNCONSTITUTIONAL<br />Judiciary Act of 1801<br />Chief Justice John Marshall ↑<br />
  8. 8. 1803 – Jefferson buys Louisiana Purchase<br />=$15,000,000 (less than 3¢ per acre) (from France)<br />Jefferson sends out Louis and Clark a little later<br />
  9. 9. Lewis and Clark<br />
  10. 10. Looking for…water route in the north<br />"Ocean in View! O! the joy."<br /><br /><br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. secede<br />To withdraw from a federal union, alliance<br />
  13. 13. Blockade <br />an effort to cut off food, supplies, war material or communications from a particular area by force, either in part or totally<br />
  14. 14. Embargo Act of 1807<br />American Goods MUST stay in America!<br />
  15. 15. Supply and Demand:<br />When you have a lot of a product, it isn’t as valuable,<br />So, in order to sell more of your cotton than someone else’s cotton, you have to sell it for less, you don’t make any money<br />SO…what happened to American products?<br />Price<br /> Quantity<br />
  16. 16. Jefferson REPEALED the Embargo Act! Replaces it with…the Non-Intercourse Act<br />Goods can go anywhere EXCEPT:<br />
  17. 17. Importance of Lewis and Clark’s Corps of Discovery<br />Journals were invaluable<br />Plants and Animals<br />Native American tribes<br />Maps, lay of land<br />Record of Journey<br />Inspired nation to move westward…heard about all the ‘adventures’ that were there. <br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Battle at Tippecanoe<br />William Henry Harrison (future President) vs. Native Americans at a town called Tippecanoe <br />
  21. 21. Causes<br />British were still on the continent…Americans wanted them gone. They controlled Canada<br />America wanted to expand, maybe North, GB in the way<br />Indian uprisings in NW territory…GB was encouraging this<br />GB/F war…U.S. caught in the middle, blockade was costing us money<br />GB were capturing American sailors and forcing them to be British sailors<br />
  22. 22. Started in July 1812<br />Fought on 3 major fronts<br />New Orelans<br />On east coast of the U.S. (DC)<br />On the water, Atlantic Ocean<br />
  23. 23. Baltimore Clippers<br />Baltimore was the #1 Shipbuilding city<br />The best selling model was the “Baltimore Clipper” <br />It was built for speed so that it could outrun British/French navy ships<br />Became obsolete after the war of 1812<br />
  24. 24. Battle at Sea: Clippers vs. British Navy<br />British blockade was successful, but Clippers did do some small damage.<br />Mostly British were successful. <br />
  25. 25. D.C. Up in Smoke<br />British troops landed in Washington D.C.<br />Set to burn down the capital…<br />A thunderstorm came in and put out the fires before they did much damage<br />
  26. 26. Battle at Fort McHenry<br />After they left DC, GB moved toward Baltimore/Ft. McHenry<br />U.S. was ready, had blocked roads, militiamen were waiting<br />Ft. M: brick with tons of ammo, lots of cannons<br />British sat in the water and shot at us with new Congreve Rockets, just outside of what our cannons could reach<br />
  27. 27. F.S. Key went out to a British boat to negotiate the release of a hostage<br />Was not allowed to go back immediately<br />Saw the flag flying every morning and was inspired to write a poem<br />Poem later becomes the national anthem<br />Winner: US for outlasting GB<br />
  28. 28. Treaty of Ghent <br />Arranged by James Monroe (current secretary of state and next president) <br />Signed in Germany….<br />No major issues resolved…a lot of the causes for the war went away when the French/British war ended. <br />
  29. 29. War End/New Orleans <br />US/GB signed Treaty of Ghent in Belgium <br />Before the US found out about it, one last big battle happened in NO<br />Andrew Jackson slaughtered hundreds of British troops <br />Jackson becomes a war hero, US gains the state of Louisiana <br />
  30. 30. Results of the War of 1812<br />No major territory swap <br />No major treaty of any sort between countries<br />Some Federalists in New England wanted to secede from the union, made Federalists look bad, but no one agreed with them<br />New national pride<br />
  31. 31. Was this the war that nobody won?<br />No major issues resolved<br />Clear boundaries between US/Canada<br />Oregon Territory in NW is shared between US/Can for 10 years<br />
  32. 32. Election of 1820- James Monroe Elected<br />
  33. 33. Era of Good Feelings…<br />James Madison is replaced by James Monroe, who won in a land slide<br />Federalist party is gone, they lost followers<br />Traveled the country visiting cities…was elected 2x<br />
  34. 34. What are these?<br />
  35. 35. Top Inventions of the Industrial Revolution<br />Clothing Industry – quick moving loom<br />Eli Whitney invents the Cotton Gin<br />Steam Engine<br />Steam Boat/Trains<br />New Methods of Steel production<br />Eastman develops Photography, founds Kodak<br />Morse develops Telegraph (later part of AT&T)<br />Eventually, Edison will invent the light bulb<br />
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  37. 37.
  38. 38.
  39. 39. Sectionalism<br />= loyalty to your region<br />People thought of themselves as “westerns,” “southerners,” or “northerners” – became more intense as new laws were debated<br />Issues: slavery, states/national rights, taxes, <br />
  40. 40. Missouri Compromise<br />The government tried to keep a balance between free and slave states<br />If the balance was uneven, it would make it difficult for the smaller side to pass laws in Congress<br />Missouri was admitted in as a slave state, Maine was admitted as a free state<br />Banned slavery north of the 36°30’N parallel for any new states (MD, KY, VA were already in)<br />
  41. 41.<br />
  42. 42. Moving West<br />First Census: 1790 – 4 million <br />Wagons were packed, people moved west<br />Companies built turnpikes<br />National Road built: Maryland to Virginia, Virginia to Ohio, Ohio to Illinois<br />Steamboat travel started up and down the rivers<br />
  43. 43. Relations with GB<br />Monroe wanted once and for all to settle issues with GB & S<br />Sent his Sec. of State: John Quincy Adams<br />Brit: 2 treaties<br />Rush-Bagot Treaty: Limited # of navy vessels on Great Lakes, Disarm border of US/Canada<br />Convention of 1818: set boundary of Louisiana Territory at 49th Parallel, US gained rights to Oregon Country<br />
  44. 44. Relations With Spain<br />Andrew Jackson (still a general) charged into FL and took over forts<br />Was never ordered to do this, some people thought he should be Court-Marshaled <br />JQ Adams made a treaty with Spain Adams-Onis Treaty:<br />We got FL!<br />Gave away parts of TX<br />Spain left Oregon Country<br />
  45. 45.
  46. 46. Monroe Doctrine<br />Spain owned: <br />Part of North America<br />All of Central America <br />All of South America, except for Brazil<br />People started revolting against the Spanish<br />Spanish partnered with: France, Austria, Russia, and Prussia to help fight revolutions<br />
  47. 47. Monroe Doct.<br />US said we would not interfere with any existing European colonies in the US, but we would fight any new ones<br />North and South America “are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.”<br />We would not interfere in European colonies<br />Marked the last step in our independence<br />
  48. 48. The MONROE DOCTRINE (BAV)<br />