Radcliffe Camera
A Quick Introduction <ul><li>Radcliffe Camera completed in 1748 and inaugurated in 1749 </li></ul><ul><li>Its architecture...
A Quick Introduction <ul><li>A gallery runs all round the massive arcades, and the bookcases fill the walls of the covered...
The Architecture
Architecture Past and Present <ul><li>The architect James Gibbs wanted to build three rectangular buildings  </li></ul><ul...
Construction History <ul><li>The construction had several delays including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The deaths of the appoin...
The Interior
The Interior <ul><li>The floor originally supposed to have black and white marble but this proposal was rejected because i...
The Floor Plans A ground plan from 1736 Cat Street library site from 1675
Patrons in Radcliffe Camera <ul><li>A reader would interact with the space by selecting a seat and writing down the number...
The Benefactors (not literal historical figures)
The Benefactors <ul><li>In 1714, Dr John Radcliffe’s will provided a donation of 40 000 pounds for library between Church ...
Construction Politics <ul><li>Sale of the college property needed for building Radcliffe required a private act of parliam...
References <ul><li>Gillam, S. (1992).  Radcliffe camera . Oxford: Bodleian Library.  </li></ul><ul><li>Kock, T. W. (1914, ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Radcam

365 views

Published on

For my library design and planning class in summer 2011.

Published in: Design
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
365
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Radcam

  1. 1. Radcliffe Camera
  2. 2. A Quick Introduction <ul><li>Radcliffe Camera completed in 1748 and inaugurated in 1749 </li></ul><ul><li>Its architecture features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corinthian columns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic towers of St. Mary’s and All Souls and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slender dome and lantern </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The room inside the dome has been decorated with white stucco </li></ul><ul><li>The “dome gathers the surrounding spires and towers together like a hen with her chicks” </li></ul><ul><li>– Sir John Betjeman </li></ul>
  3. 3. A Quick Introduction <ul><li>A gallery runs all round the massive arcades, and the bookcases fill the walls of the covered walk </li></ul><ul><li>The attic storey contains balustrades and buttresses and the floor has a rusticated look </li></ul><ul><li>Sir John Radcliffe was the main benefactor, and he made his fortune in London as a physician treating high-society hypochondriacs </li></ul><ul><li>He is remembered for his philanthropy rather than his medical achievements </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Architecture
  5. 5. Architecture Past and Present <ul><li>The architect James Gibbs wanted to build three rectangular buildings </li></ul><ul><li>The circular form was chosen to save space in Radcliffe Square </li></ul><ul><li>Gibbs directed and supervised by visiting the site four times per year </li></ul><ul><li>The foundation-stone was laid for the new library in 1737 in the presence of the Vice-Chancellor and senior members of the university </li></ul><ul><li>It no longer exists today but there is a tablet in the north wall where the present steps and doorway were constructed in 1863 </li></ul>Dome diagram with stonework
  6. 6. Construction History <ul><li>The construction had several delays including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The deaths of the appointed masons Francis Smith of Warwick in 1738 and William Townesend of Oxford in 1739 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An outbreak of small-pox in 1740 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A substitution of materials for the dome in 1741 that changed from stonework to timber because the masons felt confident the they could complete the building more satisfactorily with that material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The trustees were very upset by this and ordered the masons to tell them who made theses decisions </li></ul></ul>Dome diagram with timber
  7. 7. The Interior
  8. 8. The Interior <ul><li>The floor originally supposed to have black and white marble but this proposal was rejected because it would produce condensation and make the library damp, particularly because there is no heating in the building </li></ul><ul><li>The bookcases are made with mahogany wood, curved to fit the shape of the building, and were constructed with moveable shelves </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Floor Plans A ground plan from 1736 Cat Street library site from 1675
  10. 10. Patrons in Radcliffe Camera <ul><li>A reader would interact with the space by selecting a seat and writing down the number of they books he wants on his call-slip </li></ul><ul><li>Then the book is brought to the reader’s desk and is left there, even if the reader leaves his seat temporarily </li></ul><ul><li>Rare and valuable books provide the exception to this practice – they remain at the counter until readers apply for them </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Benefactors (not literal historical figures)
  12. 12. The Benefactors <ul><li>In 1714, Dr John Radcliffe’s will provided a donation of 40 000 pounds for library between Church of the St. Mary Virgin and schools (now Bodleian) </li></ul><ul><li>150 pounds set aside for librarian and 100 pounds for collections per annum </li></ul><ul><li>four trustees funded Radcliffe including Sir William Bromley, Sir George Beaumont, Bt., M.P. for Leicester, Anthony Keck (banker), Thomas Sclater-Bacon of Gray's Inn </li></ul><ul><li>23 years passed before construction for foundation </li></ul>Dr John Radcliffe 1652–1714
  13. 13. Construction Politics <ul><li>Sale of the college property needed for building Radcliffe required a private act of parliament </li></ul><ul><li>no demolition took place until 1733 </li></ul><ul><li>north most house adjoining Schools Quadrangle was pulled down for fear of a chimneys setting fire to the schools; and to open a passage to the schools </li></ul><ul><li>trustees not authorized to make money available until decease of Radcliffe's two sisters (the last one died in 1736) </li></ul>Dr John Radcliffe 1652–1714
  14. 14. References <ul><li>Gillam, S. (1992). Radcliffe camera . Oxford: Bodleian Library. </li></ul><ul><li>Kock, T. W. (1914, January). The Bodleian Library at Oxford. Library Journal , 39 , 739-745. </li></ul><ul><li>Ross, D. (n.d.). Radcliffe Camera. In Britain Express . Retrieved May 18, 2011, from http://www.britainexpress.com/cities/oxford/radcliffe.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Sager, P. (2005). Oxford & Cambridge : an uncommon history . New York: Thames & Hudson. </li></ul>

×