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Freud and fight club


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Freud and fight club

  1. 1. Psychoanalytic theory and Fight Club A Freudian analysis of Fight Club
  2. 2. The mind Opening sequence Dissociative personality disorder Narrator/ Tyler Consciousness/ unconsciousness
  3. 3. Freud Theory structures the mind into three broadly interconnected mental fields: The ID Ego Superego
  4. 4. ID Represents our primal psychic urges. Babies are ID: unconscious, unrepressed and narcissistic. When the baby wants to eat the desire to consume, consumes it.
  5. 5. Ego The ego is home to our rational, conscious mind. It is the mind we regard as self (eg we call a self centred person is an egoist) If we want food we start to work out where it is and how much it will cost, what kind of food we feel life eating and so on… JACK Freud argues that in undeveloped egos, like Jacks, the ID, (Tyler) can escape it’s social and parentally enforced repression and perhaps even come to dominate the ego.
  6. 6. Conflict between Id and Ego Psychic distress Split/ multiple personality disorder Without Tyler, Jack would find life unendurable.
  7. 7. Superego Ethical, moralistic world Hungry human may apply moral decisions to desire…perhaps they promised doctor they would diet Jack’s need to believe in a moral code reflects the battle between his Ego and Superego. The authority figures in his life (boss, police) disappoint him so he is ripe for exploitation by the Id…Tyler who has uninhibited access to his superego.
  8. 8. Shown in fight clubs. He and the others personify the animal (the beast in man) The violence that Tyler unleashes via Project Mayhem has a destructive, childlike quality- at times akin to a tantrum rather than well thought out act of political rebellion. Tylers love making is bestial “I look like you want to look…etc” But- there is more to him than a mere beast- he does have a belief system that he articulates well Tyler: ID
  9. 9. Tyler/ Jack- Superego • Tyler is a superego fantasy of Jacks. He is someone who is willing to forge his own value systen in a world dominated by nihilism. • Values formulated by Tyler are problematic and confused but Tyler’s emergence from a childish ID to adult superego is literal maturation. Jack grows up via the fantasy of Tyler. He first unleashes his repressed ego then moulds his powerful alterego with a philosophy that enables him to find life fulfilling and meaningful. • Tyler’s superman and his moral code are rejected by Jack’s newly empowered superego. • Jack destroys his avatar to become truly himself. • Jack is secure with an ego that enables him to love both himself (and Marla) and formulate a positive moral vision of a future of which both he and Marla will be a part. •
  10. 10. Id and Ego Jack has a weak ego (perhaps due to his fatherless upbringing) Jack seems unable to relate in an honest way with adults- he is fundamentally immature. His only emotive contact with the world is therapy groups where he lives a lie to experience truth. His Condo is a shallow, materialistic shell, like his friends he now masturbates over the IKEA catalogue. His loneliness and isolation are so profound that when he meets a woman he likes, he panics. Arising from this panic, Tyler (ID) emerges.