Causes of Depression and the Bad Side of a Possible Good
==== ====Click Here For Information On How To End Your Depression<a href="http://ffac46s9iw6y0z8c-4-pno4meq.hop.clickbank.net/?tid=CA0002" target="_top">ClickHere!</a>==== ====Let there be no doubt that depression is a serious mental illness that sometimes requires monthsand years of treatment on the road to a cure. Hippocrates referred to depression asmelancholia, which literally means black bile. Black bile, along with blood, phlegm, and yellow bilewere the four humors (fluids) that described the basic medical physiology theory of that time.Depression, also referred to as clinical depression, has been portrayed in literature and the arts forhundreds of years, but what do we mean today when we refer to a depressive disorder? In the19th century, depression was seen as an inherited weakness of temperament. In the first half ofthe 20th century, Freud linked the development of depression to guilt and conflict. John Cheever,the author and a modern sufferer of depressive disorder, wrote of conflict and experiences with hisparents as influencing his development of depression.Each year, millions of people come to the realization that they suffer from depression. Tomake things worse it is estimated that only a third of those who suffer the disease will ever seektreatment. Because depression is considered a mental affliction, many sufferers shy awayfrom seeking help from a doctor. Instead of being considered mentally ill, people try tomanage the problem themselves. Depression is more common- place than you might thinkand it will not go away on its own.Depression has no single cause; often, it results from a combination of things. You may have noidea why depression has struck you.Whatever its cause, depression is not just a state of mind. It is related to physical changes in thebrain, and connected to an imbalance of a type of chemical that carries signals in your brain andnerves. These chemicals are called neurotransmitters.Some of the more common factors involved in depression are: * Family history. Genetics play an important part in depression. It can run infamilies for generations. * Trauma and stress. Things like financial problems, the breakup of arelationship, or the death of a loved one can bring on depression. You can become depressedafter changes in your life, like starting a new job, graduating from school, or getting married. * Pessimistic personality. People who have low self-esteem and a negativeoutlook are at higher risk of becoming depressed. These traits may actually be caused by low-level depression (called dysthymia).
* Physical conditions. Serious medical conditions like heart disease, cancer,and HIV can contribute to depression, partly because of the physical weakness and stress theybring on. Depression can make medical conditions worse, since it weakens the immune systemand can make pain harder to bear. In some cases, depression can be caused by medicationsused to treat medical conditions. * Other psychological disorders. Anxiety disorders, eating disorders,schizophrenia, and (especially) substance abuse often appear along with depression. Why do people get depression? The answer can get very complicated because you have totake many factors into consideration. The list is quite long. Lets list a few of the contributingfactors to depression. A chemical imbalance is widely considered to be the main cause fordepression. Why does this chemical problem in the brain happen? Typically thecauses stem from biological, genetic, physical, mental and environmental implications. Inmany cases the underlying cause is never identified. Depression often follows diagnosis ofother medical conditions, particularly those that result in imminent death or are chronic.Scientists do not know why the hippocampus is smaller in those with depression. Someresearchers have found that the stress hormone cortisol is produced in excess in depressedpeople. These investigators believe that cortisol has a toxic or poisonous effect on thehippocampus. Some experts theorize that depressed people are simply born with a smallerhippocampus and are therefore inclined to suffer from depression.Another cause of depression can be the emotional pain felt after losing a loved one. Inmany cases the loss can be very traumatic. Long periods of emotional, sexual or other physicalabuses can result in depression. When people abuse drugs and/or alcohol the result isoften depression. Peoples mental states are fragile. If exposed to the wrongpressures, depression can result. There can also be a genetic element todepression. Those afflicted have a family history of the disease . Oddly, many drugsincluding those that regulate depression or anxiety can cause depression. High bloodpressure medication can result in depression. One of the major causes of depression is stress. Stress can derive from many differentareas in our life. Its not well known, but its true, that stress can result from the pressuresassociated with positive events such as a new, high paying job. The unknown is often theroot cause of this stress, whether it be positive or negative. Arguments with familymembers, disputes with business clients can both cause stress. The causes of clinical depression are likely to be different for different people. Sometimes adepressive episode can appear to come out of nowhere at a time when everything seems to begoing fine. Other times, depression may be directly related to a significant event in our lives suchas losing a loved one, experiencing trauma, or battling a chronic illness.Research indicates that depressive illnesses are disorders of the brain. Brain-imagingtechnologies, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have shown that the brains of peoplewho have depression look different than those of people without depression. The parts of the brain
responsible for regulating mood, thinking, sleep, appetite and behavior appear to functionabnormally. In addition, important neurotransmitters-chemicals that brain cells use tocommunicate-appear to be out of balance. But these images do not reveal why the depression hasoccurred.Scientists believe genetic factors play a role in some depressions. Researchers are hopeful, forinstance, that they are closing in on genetic markers for susceptibility to manic-depressivedisorder.Depression in adolescence comes at a time of great personal change-when boys and girls areforming an identity distinct from their parents, grappling with gender issues and emergingsexuality, and making decisions for the first time in their lives. Depression in adolescencefrequently co-occurs with other disorders such as anxiety, disruptive behavior, eating disorders orsubstance abuse. It can also lead to increased risk for suicide.Teen depression cannot always be prevented, but there are some things that can help reduce thechances of an episode of depression in a teen who is at risk.Teen Depression is presented for troubled teens or parents of teens. We offer information onteenage depression, issues, and other teen problems. Our articles were written to educate parentsand teens about adolescent depression, the warning signs, and various treatment optionsavailable.Some of the causes of depression in teenagers seem to be genetic, and those cannot bechanged, but other triggers of teen depression can be avoided. Some of the risk factors for teendepression include: * A family or personal history of depression * A long-term illness or disability, whether physical or mental * Experiencing a trauma or loss, including abuse, divorce of parents, deathof a loved one, or a break-up * Difficulties at home, at school, or with friendsIf you know a teen who suffers from or is at risk for depression, you can help the teen by: * Talking and listening to him or her * Encouraging him or her to be involved in positive activities and to takegood care of him or herself * Being fair when dealing with or disciplining the teen * Setting a good example by taking good care of yourself and getting help ifyou feel depressed or overwhelmed.The majority of older adults with depression improve when they receive treatment with anantidepressant, psychotherapy, or a combination of both.18 Research has shown that medicationalone and combination treatment are both effective in reducing the rate of depressive recurrencesin older adults. Psychotherapy alone also can be effective in prolonging periods free ofdepression, especially for older adults with minor depression, and it is particularly useful for thosewho are unable or unwilling to take antidepressant medication.
Additional research data indicate that people suffering from depression have imbalances ofneurotransmitters, natural substances that allow brain cells to communicate with one another. Twotransmitters implicated in depression are serotonin and norepinephrine. Scientists think adeficiency in serotonin may cause the sleep problems, irritability, and anxiety associated withdepression. Likewise, a decreased amount of norepinephrine, which regulates alertness andarousal, may contribute to the fatigue and depressed mood of the illness. Other body chemicalsalso may be altered in depressed people. Among them is cortisol, a hormone that the bodyproduces in response to stress, anger, or fear. In normal people the level of cortisol in thebloodstream peaks in the morning, then decreases as the day progresses. In depressed people,however, cortisol peaks earlier in the morning and does not level off or decrease in the afternoonor evening.There is mounting evidence that depression takes a serious toll on physical health. The mostrecent studies exploring health and depression have looked at patients with stroke or coronaryartery disease. Results have shown that people with depression who are recovering from strokesor heart attacks have a more difficult time making health care choices, following their doctorsinstructions, and coping with the challenges that their illness presents. Another study found thatpatients with depression also have a higher risk of death in the first few months after a heartattack.Some people have a low threshold for stress. Theyre affected by events and activities thatto others seem to not be stressful. The good news is that very effective treatments areavailable to help those who are depressed. However, only about one-third of those who aredepressed actually receive treatment. This is unfortunate since upwards of 80-90% of those whodo seek treatment can feel better within just a few weeks. Many people do not seek treatment fordepression for a variety of reasons. Some believe that depression is the result of a personalweakness or character flaw. This is simply not true. Like diabetes, heart disease, or any othermedical condition, clinical depression is an illness that should be treated by a mental healthprofessional or physician. Another reason why many people do not seek help for depression isthat they simply do not recognize the signs or symptoms that something may be wrong.Knowing is half the battle. If you or someone you love suffers from depression-please seekmedical assistance.RockinJay gathers information for a variety of helpful sites. Learn more about depression and howyou can help yourself @ RelieveDepressionToday.com RockinJay@creativeheadspace.comArticle Source:http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Jay_Wyshak