About Depression


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About Depression

  1. 1. ==== ====Click Here For Information On How To End Your Depression<a href="http://ffac46s9iw6y0z8c-4-pno4meq.hop.clickbank.net/?tid=CA0002" target="_top">ClickHere!</a>==== ====I have recently created a blog about depression, called Depression Hurts. Feel free to visit myblog frequently. I will be updating it frequently with new information about depression, treatments,articles, etc.For years I have suffered from depression, at different levels, some of them being major episodesand some more on a dysthymic (low-grade chronic) level.What is depression?There is a tendency to use the word depression to describe periods or episodes of sadness thateach of us experience from time to time. And for many of us, during these periods it is not alwayseasy to discern where normal sorrow ends and clinical depression begins. Yet, anyone who hasever experienced an episode of major depression knows - at least after the depression has lifted -that what they feel is more than just ongoing or persistent sadness.Clinical depression is an illness characterized by a cluster of feelings, thoughts and behaviors thatare remarkably distinct from a persons normal range of feelings and functioning. Caused by acomplex interaction of biologic, psychological and social factors, a major depressive disorder canmake a person extremely sensitive to life circumstances, the least of which can throw him/her intototal loss of hope.During a major depression, someone can become surrounded by feelings of sadness,hopelessness, helplessness, and emptiness, and these feelings can distort every thought andexperience, making life seem hopeless and unworthy. Feelings of being deeply and continuallydeprived, unworthy, insignificant, and guilt-ridden build on feelings of sadness. At the same time, aperson may feel chronically irritable, often exploding into anger and frustration.While a major depression may be triggered by some life event or circumstance, a persons moodreaction may seem greatly exaggerated. However, depression has less to do with lifes eventsthan with an individuals existing vulnerability to the condition.In some cases, someone may experience a major depression as a single episode, but in mostcases, clinical depression tends to recur periodically, reactively or cyclically. A major depressiveepisode could possibly last up to 2 or more years.When someone experiences milder depressive episodes, this is called dysthymia. For someonesuffering from dysthymia, certain life circumstances, such as loss of a job, divorce, or relocating to
  2. 2. a new environment, may provoke a much deeper depression.For some individuals, there is a seasonal component to their depression called Seasonal AffectiveDisorder (SAD). This is a form of reactive depression that is more prevalent in northern parts ofthe country where climatic extreme changes are greater. SAD usually affects people in the fall orwinter and is characterized by fatigue, carbohydrate cravings, overeating, lack of energy ormotivation to do activities normally enjoyed, and oversleeping. While the exact etiology or cause ofSAD is not certain, it is possible that it may be related to the way in which the light responsivepineal gland in the brain functions.Defining Depression:The difficulty with many mental disorders, it is hard to tell when you need more than just a positiveattitude to manage your feelings. Depression is a common problem that many people simply thinkthey need to live with, something they need to tough out in order to come out better for it. But thisis not necessarily the best treatment plan for this mental illness. Heres what you should know.Whats difficult about dealing with depression is that it can manifest itself in a number of differentways. For some people, depression is merely a short bout of sadness that resolves on its own. Butfor others, its a long running presence that makes them feel ineffective, as well as hopeless.Some of the more common symptoms of depression include:oFeeling sadoFeeling hopelessoBecoming irritated for no reasonoAnger and frustrationoLoss of interest in favorite activitiesoChange in eating habitsoChange in sleeping habitsoThoughts about suicideDiagnosing depression is tricky because it requires that you have these symptoms for extendedperiods of time - normally for at least two weeks continuously. And while some people can easilyidentify their down times, others might not recognize symptoms like anger as being consistent withdepression.When you have depression, what can you do?During the time that you feel despondent, seek the emotional support from family and friends. Formilder episodes of depression of short duration, the support of loved ones may be able to help youwork through it. But in most cases, you will not be able to fight depression on you own, and you
  3. 3. should not try to. Like diabetes or asthma, depression is an illness and requires medical attentionso it can be managed effectively and appropriately. If you are suffering from depression, it isimperative that you seek professional help.If you suffer from SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder), you may very well respond to spending atleast an hour a day outdoors, even during the wintertime. Increasing the amount of natural light inyour house may also help. Some psychiatrists even recommend obtaining a special light to put inyour room that kind of resembles sunlight. Whenever possible, take trips in winter to warmer andsunnier climates.When to seek treatment for depression:If you are in a major bout of depression, you may feel like you are beyond help. However,depression can be treated and managed. If you state of gloom persists more than two weeks, youfeel that you cannot get out of bed, you are increasingly isolated from family and friends, and youhave lost any sense of enjoyment or interest in your usual activities, call your doctor right away.Also, if you find yourself ruminating about death and the meaningless of life and you areconsidering suicide, SEEK HELP IMMEDIATELY.Treatment of Depression:Mild depression can be treated effectively through psychotherapy. Even short-term therapy canhelp you understand your natural inclination towards more negative and low moods. Also, you canlearn to cope better with lifes disappointments and triumphs. When depression is triggered by aseasonal change, light therapy, which extends exposure to bright light for measurable periods oftime, may work to relieve symptoms.In cases of more severe depression, medication will provide the main avenue for treatment. At thesame time, psychotherapy is usually an important complement to medication. By restoringchemical balances within the brain, psychotropic medications will help lift the "veil of sorrow." Themost commonly used anti-depressant medications are SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptakeinhibitors), which include fluoxetine, sertraline, paroxetine and fluvoxamine, and TCAs (tricyclicanti-depressants), which include imipramine, nortriptyline, amitriptyline, and desipramine.Although general practitioners can usually prescribe these types of medications, it is usually bestto consult with a psychiatrist or psychopharmacologist, who is specially trained to evaluate andmonitor the need for and use of anti-depressant medicines.For lots of different reasons, treatment with anti-depressants takes time to work. Because everyperson and his depression differ, finding the most effective medication is often a process of trialand error. While the process may be frustrating, you and your doctor will eventually find the righttreatment.During a severe episode of depression, there may be severe paranoid persecutory delusions oreven hallucinations. There may even be suicidal behavior. When these occur, hospitalization,antipsychotic medication or electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may be necessary. After the acutephase has subsided, psychopharmacologic treatment should be continued to decrease thelikelihood of relapse or future recurrence.
  4. 4. Unlike medications for physical illness, psychotropic medicines do not work to cure the depressiveillness; rather, they work to relieve acute episodes and prevent recurrences. For many people,medications work most effective in conjunction with psychotherapy. Insight-oriented therapy canallow you to consider how such contributing factors as early experiences of loss and cumulativenegative life circumstances and disappointments have colored your disposition. Cognitivetechniques can also provide significant relief insofar as they address the negative and distortedthinking that typically characterizes depression.Prognosis for Depression:Prognosis is good. Recent progress in the development of new medicines that act directly onspecific parts of the brain make the treatment of depression even more positive. SAD respondswell to light therapy.In some instances, one course of treatment is sufficient to manage or remedy major depressiveillness. However, for many others, depression is a chronic lifelong condition that requirescontinued or episodic intervention. Ever after a successful round of treatment, it is important thatyou remain sensitive to stresses that are likely to trigger a depression. If you are able to recognizeearly signs, you will be able to contact your physician or clinician before you find yourself deep intoanother depressive episode. Learning to manage depression through therapy, medications andlifestyle will lessen the likelihood that it will take over your life.Again, please visit my blog as I will be updating frequently with interesting news, treatments,recommended books and much more.Michellehttp://about-depression.blogspot.com/Article Source:http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Michelle_Ooley