A Presentation On Hypertension


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  • as i read in community medicine that salt requirement is 5 gram per day if some exceed 7-8 gram he/she will be hypertensive in future life.
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A Presentation On Hypertension

  1. 1. A PRESENTATION TO <ul><li>MEMBERS OF STAFF OF </li></ul><ul><li>GUARANTY TRUST BANK PLC. </li></ul><ul><li>ON </li></ul><ul><li>HYPERTENSION </li></ul><ul><li>- BETHEL EDOHEN </li></ul>
  3. 3. OUTLINE <ul><li>Introduction – What is Hypertension </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Hypertension </li></ul><ul><li>Signs & Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment & Care </li></ul><ul><li>FAQ </li></ul><ul><li>Support & Resources </li></ul>
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>What is Hypertension? </li></ul><ul><li>Various scientist have defined hypertension in various ways, here is a very simple </li></ul><ul><li>definition to what hypertension is: High Blood Pressure, a medical condition in which </li></ul><ul><li>constricted arterial blood vessels increase the resistance to blood flow, causing an </li></ul><ul><li>increase in blood pressure against vessel walls. </li></ul><ul><li>Simply put, as a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Types of Hypertension <ul><li>PRIMARY </li></ul><ul><li>This is called “primary hypertension or essential. in most cases the causes of </li></ul><ul><li>this type of hypertension is not known, the majority of people with this type </li></ul><ul><li>of hypertension feel no different from those who have normal blood pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>SECONDARY </li></ul><ul><li>This is when high blood pressure is as a result of other medical problems or </li></ul><ul><li>medication e.g. Kidney or Liver diseases </li></ul>
  6. 6. Signs and Symptions <ul><li>it usually takes several years for high blood pressure to cause noticeable symptoms and </li></ul><ul><li>even when it does cause problems, the symptoms are often mild and nonspecific </li></ul><ul><li>(i.e. they could be caused by several different conditions). Possible symptoms includes: </li></ul><ul><li>Dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Blurred or double vision </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul><ul><li>Drowsiness </li></ul><ul><li>Nosebleeds </li></ul><ul><li>A flushed face </li></ul><ul><li>Shortness of breath </li></ul><ul><li>Etc </li></ul>
  7. 7. Causes <ul><li>Some conditions that can cause hypertension includes: </li></ul><ul><li>Preeclampsia (a condition that occurs only during pregnancy) </li></ul><ul><li>Tumor of the adrenal gland </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Liver diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep apnea </li></ul><ul><li>Acromegaly (a metabolic disorder caused by too much growth hormone) </li></ul><ul><li>Certain medicines e.g. birth control pills </li></ul>
  8. 8. Treatment & Care <ul><li>DIETARY ADVICE </li></ul><ul><li>Getting regular aerobic exercise e.g. brisk walking at least 30 mins daily </li></ul><ul><li>Losing weight if you are over weight or obese. </li></ul><ul><li>Eating a healthy diet including the DASH diet (eat more fruits, vegetables, low fat dairy products etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing sodium in your diet to 2300mg(about 1 teaspoon of salt) a day or less. </li></ul><ul><li>Quit smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Limiting/quit alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>DRUGS </li></ul><ul><li>(seek medical advise) </li></ul>
  9. 9. F A Q <ul><li>How dangerous is hypertension? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s called the silent killer for good reason </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>contributes to more than 200,000 deaths each year, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>afflicts more than 50 million worldwide, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>is on the rise, increasing 35 percent in just ten years from the late 1980s to the late 1990s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>costs more than $37 billion per year in health care </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Q: Does alcohol intake affect hypertension? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A: Despite how relaxed you may feel after downing a brew or two, alcohol actually raises blood pressure. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What factors increase the risk for hypertension? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A: Several risk factors contribute to high blood pressure. Some of these factors includes: hereditary, age, weight, salt, alcohol, medication and sedentary lifestyle. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is the DASH diet? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is an eating plan designed to prevent and treat hypertension. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Does potassium help lower blood pressure? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes, potassium has a favorable effect on blood pressure. Potassium is richly present in the DASH diet, which is recommended for persons with hypertension </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Support & Resources <ul><li>To learn more about hypertension consult a Medical </li></ul><ul><li>Practitioner and visit these websites: </li></ul><ul><li>www.webmd.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.symptomsofhypertension.net </li></ul><ul><li>www.hearthealthyonline.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.highbloodpressuremed.com </li></ul>