Constructivism

1,661 views

Published on

Constructivism

  1. 1. Constructivism: a learning theory<br />By Alexis <br />
  2. 2. Based on a type of learning in which the learner forms or constructs, much of what he or she learns or comprehends<br />Constructivist theory<br />
  3. 3. Key Ideas<br />Students learn by doing<br />Learning is a search for meaning, students need issues they want to understand<br />The learning is centered around primary concepts<br />Teachers need to encourage students to discover concepts by themselves<br />
  4. 4. Jean Piaget (1896-1980)<br />Believed children think differently than adults<br />Felt children were active learners and didn’t need motivation to learn<br />Defined four cognitive stages:<br />
  5. 5. Jerome Bruner (1915 - )<br />Proposed learning is an active process based on current or past knowledge<br />Believed constructivist learners are participatory<br />Felt the teacher’s role should be to encourage students through exploration of inquiry<br />Thought that curriculum should be organized in a spiral, so students continually build on information they already learned<br />
  6. 6. Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934)<br />Developed social cognition<br />Believed learning was influenced significantly by social development<br />Thought children have a zone of proximal development (difference between the problem solving ability that a child has learned and the potential they can achieve with help from a more advanced peer)<br />Felt students needed to work together so they can share different perspectives<br />Proposed teachers should learn each child’s cognitive/social development and then teach them from that information<br />
  7. 7. John Dewey (1859-1952)<br />Believed education was a social process<br />Founded a school called the University Elementary School and felt it should be viewed as an extension of society<br />Viewed learning as student-directed with a teacher serving as a guide for resources<br />He thought that students learn by doing and should be allowed to construct, create, and actively inquire<br />Broadened the curriculum and inspired teachers to use other forms of learning such as through science experiments and manipulative<br />Has been called by some the Father of American Education because of his influence in classrooms today <br />
  8. 8. What does the teacher do?<br />With Technology<br />Have them do projects with primary data on the computer<br />Allow the students to write the answers to open ended questions using a word processor<br />Without technology<br />Here is an example of constructivism in a classroom.<br />Ask follow up questions<br />Give students time to answer questions<br />
  9. 9. What do students do? <br />With technology<br />Looking up information using the internet<br />Using computer software to make a presentation<br />Doing a virtual science experiment on the web or through a program<br />Without technology<br />Working in a group of other students<br />Asking a difficult question to a teacher<br />Building with Lego pieces to make a car <br />
  10. 10. I believe when I become a teacher I will use constructivism a lot. I feel that students learn better when they are involved in the classroom and not just listening to lectures. Also, working in a group allows social skills to develop and as a student, it helps you realize what you’re good at. <br />My Opinion:<br />
  11. 11. Credits<br />Images<br />http://ludricus.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/jean_piaget1.jpg<br />http://faculty.weber.edu/pstewart/images/medallist_bruner.jpg<br />http://faculty.weber.edu/pstewart/images/vygotsky.jpg<br />http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/spcl/centcat/fac/images/faculty_img18_lrg.jpg<br />Information<br />http://www.ndt-ed.org/TeachingResources/ClassroomTips/Constructivist%20_Learning.htm<br />

×