Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Lattice Energy LLC - Renewable lignin biomass aromatics convert into green radiation-free LENR fuels - Sept 14 2015

2,319 views

Published on

Two of three major components in biomass - cellulose and hemicellulose - are polymerized sugars that can readily be chemically fermented to create renewable biofuels (this is now occurring commercially); the third, Lignin, is much more resistant to chemical degradation into smaller aromatic molecules. Until recently, Lignin was more-or-less ignored by industry and academic biotech researchers, being regarded more as just a waste product to be burned. Importantly, Lignin is only known major natural source of renewable aromatics. Out in Nature, Lignins are mainly broken-down by various fungi and bacteria. Biotechnologists are now beginning to focus on improving various chemical and enzymatic processes that reduce Lignin to smaller molecules, e.g. aromatics. In 2014, Larsen became aware of improvements in Lignin digestion methods. Advances in chemical processing of Lignin to yield basic aromatic molecules opens-up future possibility of creating revolutionary CO2-free LENR fuels from renewable biomass aromatics that would have 5,000x greater energy density than that of gasoline.

Energy-dense, CO2-free LENR fuels derived from aromatic polymers in biomass could potentially become an effectively inexhaustible new source of green energy.

Published in: Technology
  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Hi there! Get Your Professional Job-Winning Resume Here - Check our website! http://bit.ly/resumpro
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Lattice Energy LLC - Renewable lignin biomass aromatics convert into green radiation-free LENR fuels - Sept 14 2015

  1. 1. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 1 Commercializing a next-generation source of green nuclear energy Contact: 1-312-861-0115 lewisglarsen@gmail.com http://www.slideshare.net/lewisglarsen/presentations LENRs transmute plant Carbon Carbon-rich Lignin comprises 33% of total plant biomass Lignin is composed of aromatic molecules that can be extracted Convert aromatics to LENR fuels: >5,000x energy density of gasoline Ultralow energy neutron reactions (LENRs) = renewable nuclear energy Release CO2-free thermal energy Lattice Energy LLC Aromatic plant biomass can be basis for revolutionary green bionuclear fuels
  2. 2. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 2 Evolution of nuclear technology Commercializing ultralow energy neutron reactions (LENRs) for stationary, mobile, and portable power generation applications Breakthrough in nuclear technology: no dangerous radiation or wastes • LENR fuels get transmuted by absorbing neutrons which releases enormous heat • Sustainable CO2-free transmutation of Carbon could replace combustion processes Widom-Larsen theory enables LENR power generation devices Widom-Larsen Theory of LENRs Few-body Strong interaction Many-body collective Weak interaction Nuclear weapons Fission and fusion power plants No weapons Safe: even portable power plants
  3. 3. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 3 Image credit: co-author Domenico Pacifici From: “Nanoscale plasmonic interferometers for multispectral, high-throughput biochemical sensing” J. Feng et al., Nano Letters pp. 602 - 609 (2012) Revolutionary new type of safe nuclear energy technology Laura 13 September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015 All Rights Reserved 3 Unique advantages of ultralow energy neutron reactions (LENRs) Widom-Larsen theory rigorously explains all of these unique attributes
  4. 4. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 4 LENRs are green: no energetic radiation or radwastes Lack of hard radiation obviates need for shielding and containment Major opportunity to develop safe, battery-like portable LENR power sources Revolution in green nuclear technology Fission reactors need 1 foot of steel and 3 feet of concrete to protect humans from hard radiation and wastes emitted by reactor; makes systems intrinsically large and heavy LENRs enable devices something like this: small, portable battery-like power sources that are safe and disposable Much larger LENR devices based on dusty plasma embodiments can potentially scale-up to megawatts; akin to today’s power plants Fission and fusion processes both emit deadly MeV-energy neutron and gamma radiation
  5. 5. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 5 Fossil fuels could be converted into green LENR fuels Breakthroughs in physics and nanotechnology make this possible Bitumen, heavy oil, and coal may be much more valuable as CO2-free LENR fuels Canadian natural bitumen Heavy viscous oils found in many fields Various grades of coal These fossil hydrocarbons contain aromatic ring molecules on which LENRs can be triggered In 2009 Larsen discovered that aromatic molecules can potentially be extracted and processed to be converted into green LENR fuels in which there would be no hard radiation emissions, no production of any long-lived radioactive wastes or emission of gaseous CO2 into the atmosphere; would instead release > 5,000 times more thermal energy versus combustion of Carbon-based molecules with Oxygen
  6. 6. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 6 Grand challenge: turn biomass into renewable nuclear fuels Biomass contains substantial % of aromatic polymer called Lignin Lignin can be chemically broken-up into smaller aromatic molecules Green LENRs can be triggered on such molecules: become bionuclear fuels  Two of three major components in biomass - cellulose and hemicellulose - are polymerized sugars that can readily be chemically fermented to create renewable biofuels (this is now occurring commercially); the third, Lignin, is much more resistant to chemical degradation into smaller aromatic molecules  Until recently, Lignin was more-or-less ignored by industry and academic biotech researchers, being regarded more as just a waste product to be burned  Importantly, Lignin is only known major natural source of renewable aromatics  Out in Nature, Lignins are mainly broken-down by various fungi and bacteria  Biotechnologists are now beginning to focus on improving various chemical and enzymatic processes that reduce Lignin to smaller molecules, e.g. aromatics  In 2014, Larsen became aware of improvements in Lignin digestion methods  Advances in chemical processing of Lignin to yield basic aromatic molecules opens-up future possibility of creating revolutionary CO2-free LENR fuels with 5,000x greater energy density than gasoline from renewable biomass aromatics
  7. 7. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 7 Lattice Energy LLC Commercializing a next-generation source of green nuclear energy September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 7 If mankind continues to use today’s combustion we will run-out of fossil fuels in < 200 years. If we instead develop and deploy LENR power sources using green nuclear fuels created from aromatic Carbon in fossil fuels and biomass, we move man’s day of reckoning on energy out millions of years. ? How can we ever bridge this gap with truly green forms of energy?
  8. 8. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 8 Oil, coal, and lignin could be processed to produce CO2-free LENR fuels Carbon atoms found on aromatic rings good fuel for radiation-free transmutation Neutrons + LENR fuel elements heavier elements + decay products + + Catalytic neutron ‘match’ Neutrons are readily absorbed by LENR fuels such as Nickel, Titanium, Lithium, or aromatic Carbon atoms Direct conversion of neutron capture and decay-related gammas to IR and beta/alpha particles create heat n0 Carbon Radiation-free LENR transmutation Process does not emit any deadly radiation or produce troublesome radwastes Fossil Carbon can be transmuted rather than combusted capture on LENR fuel elements produces heat BTUs Absorbed by fuel elements
  9. 9. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 9 CH H H H H H Aromatic ring: 6 Carbon atoms CC C C C 6 Carbon atoms arranged in hexagonal ring bonded to 6 Hydrogen atoms Fossil Carbon can be transmuted rather than combusted September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 9 Benzene molecule
  10. 10. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 10 Convert ring Hydrogen atoms (protons) into safe neutrons Neutrons are captured by ring Carbon atoms that are then transmuted In this example a Carbon atom is transmuted into a Nitrogen with LENR process LENR neutron capture catalyzed Process does not emit any deadly radiation or produce troublesome radwastes Aromatic Carbon molecules from biomass become revolutionary bionuclear fuels
  11. 11. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 11 Lignin molecules comprise ~40% of cord of split hardwood Who would have dreamed it might be converted into a bionuclear fuel?
  12. 12. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 12 Biomass is composed of ~33% Lignin: an aromatic polymer Figure source: T. Wang et al., Green Chemistry 16 pp. 548 - 572 (2014) http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2013/gc/c3gc41365a#!divMetrics Biomass has three major components: Cellulose, Hemicellulose, Lignin
  13. 13. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 13 Lignins are large complex molecules with structural variants Can comprise up to ~40% of biomass in woody deciduous trees Key function in plants: provide sturdy structural support material Source: http://study.com/academy/lesson/lignin-definition-properties-function.html
  14. 14. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 14 Lignin: complex molecule and major constituent of biomass Technically speaking it is a natural, renewable aromatic polymer Must digest it into smaller aromatic molecules to make LENR fuels http://www.igb.fraunhofer.de/en/competences/molecular-biotechnology/industrial-biotechnology/aromatic-lignin-monomers.html Copyright: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
  15. 15. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 15 Chemists create improved Lignin digestion techniques New papers reporting advances in methods now occurring more often Most methods would probably be useful in development of renewable LENR fuels Selected examples of relevant information sources: http://www.warf.org/documents/ipstatus/P130104US01.PDF Patent # US 8,969,534 B2 Issued March 3, 2015 Assignee: W.A.R.F. “Simple aerobic alcohol oxidation method for conversion of Lignin into simple aromatic compounds” Abstract: “Described is a method to oxidize lignin or lignin sub-units. The method includes oxidation of secondary benzylic alcohol in the lignin or lignin sub-unit to a corresponding ketone in the presence of unprotected primary aliphatic alcohol in the lignin or lignin sub-unit. The optimal catalyst system consists of HNO3 in combination with another Brønsted acid, in the absence of a metal-containing catalyst, thereby yielding a selectively oxidized lignin or lignin sub-unit. The method may be carried out in the presence or absence of additional reagents including TEMPO or TEMPO derivatives “Making the most from Carbon in plants” Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Released: September 9, 2015 Abstract: “Researchers are looking for more effective ways to get at all the carbon in biomass to create more energy and biochemicals. However, a lot of the carbon is in lignin - support tissues in plants, which makes up about a third of the biomass. International teams of scientists are working together to better understand how lignin can be efficiently deconstructed to release its carbon for a more renewable and sustainable energy future.” http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150909091224.htm
  16. 16. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 16 Many moieties contain or are convertible into aromatics Variety of simple and complex aromatic molecules Examples: Green CO2-free LENR fuels 5,000x greater energy density Process into Heavy oils and natural bitumen Coal Contain aromatic molecules Examples: CH4 natural gas Lignin and other plant biomass Extract Extract Digest Mo catalyst Chemical process Chemical processing plus nanotech Benzene Phenanthrene CO2 C nanofibers Enormous gain in energy density makes processing conversions $$$ economic Bottom line: just about any Carbon-based moiety can be converted into aromatic ring-structure molecules using a chemical process Processing LENR fuels can be created from many different natural Carbon sources Nanoparticulate fuelsBase feedstock Aromatic molecules
  17. 17. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 17 Nanoparticulate LENR fuels could be used in many systems Huge energy density advantages vs. fossil fuels & chemical batteries Bionuclear LENR fuels energy densities could be 5,000x larger vs. gasoline LENR fuels would be inert and benign and could use existing package delivery systems for resupply; typical gasoline or diesel tanker truck carries ~5,000 - 12,000 US Gallons of liquid fuel; LENR fuels producing same # of BTUs could be shipped in 1 - 2 FedEx boxes Consequence: an automobile powered by LENRs could travel around the entire world on a quantity of nanoparticulate fuel that fits into just a single FedEx box
  18. 18. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 18 Key to commercializing game- changing bionuclear fuels from Lignin is ability to reliably trigger production of LENR neutrons on Carbonaceous aromatic molecules emplaced on purpose-built engineered nanoparticles composed of appropriate materials. Lattice Energy LLC Commercializing a next-generation source of green nuclear energy September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015 All Rights Reserved 18 Image credit: NASA PAH molecules in space
  19. 19. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 19 Lattice’s commercialization strategy akin to computer chips Scale-up LENR system power outputs and integrate energy conversion  LENRs can presently reach temperatures of 4,000 - 6,000o K and boil refractory metals in limited numbers of microscopic LENR-active hot spot sites on laboratory device surfaces. Lattice plans to use its unique proprietary knowledge of LENR engineering physics and key operating parameters (e.g., achieving and maintaining very high local surface electric fields) to first get heat production working well microscopically. That is: reproducibly trigger LENRs on specific, purpose-designed nanoparticulate structures with dimensions ranging from nanometers to microns that are fabricated using existing, off-the-shelf nanotech processes and then deliberately emplaced at what will become LENR-active sites located on Hydrogen-loaded substrate or nanoparticle surfaces  In principle, output of such LENR heat sources could be readily scaled-up: either by fabricating larger area-densities of affixed nanostructures that facilitate formation of LENR-active hot spots on device surfaces, or by injecting larger quantities of specially designed fuel nanoparticles into volumetrically larger reaction chambers containing turbulent dusty plasmas, with or without spatially organized magnetic fields present  A variety of off-the-shelf energy conversion subsystems could potentially be integrated with commercial versions of LENR-based heat sources. These include thermoelectric; thermophotovoltaic cells; steam engines; Rankine cycle steam turbines; Brayton cycle gas turbines, boilers, etc. Other speculative possibilities involve new types of direct energy conversion technologies that are still under development, e.g. harvesting of β - Use existing nanotech and power conversion to cut development time/risks
  20. 20. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 20  Over time, plan to ride down manufacturing experience cost curve; similar to build-cost reduction and market penetration strategies used by electronics manufacturers; e.g., microprocessors, memory chips, PCs, and smartphones  As product manufacturing experience accumulates and internal build costs are progressively reduced, leverage enormous energy density/longevity advantages of LENRs (> 5,000x larger than any chemical); price LENR-based systems to drastically undercut price/performance provided by competing thermal sources and chemically-based power generation systems --- this strategy can be applied to portable, distributed stationary, mobile, and central station power markets  Small-scale LENR systems might seem to be light years away from being able to compete with huge 500 - 1,500 MW coal-fired and Uranium-fission power plant behemoths. However, please recall history of personal computers versus large mainframes. When PCs were first introduced 35 years ago, mainframe computer manufacturers regarded them as just toys, information processing jokes of no consequence. Less than 10 years later, mainframe companies weren’t laughing any more. Today, except for just a handful of survivors like IBM, mainframe and minicomputer dinosaurs have disappeared, replaced by microprocessor arrays Lattice’s market penetration strategy akin to computer chips Maximize unit volumes and ride experience curve to attack markets LENR technology enables opportunity to create a Moore’s Law for energy
  21. 21. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 21 LENRs could enable vast increases in product performance Intrinsic energy density of LENRs at least 5,000x > chemical processes Commercial LENR systems could easily achieve 10x - 100x chemical systems Product Name Present capabilities with today’s power sources Range (endurance) Vastly enhanced capabilities with future LENR-based power sources 10x chemical 100x chemical GreenWing e430 180 miles (~3 hours @ 60 mph) 1,800 (30) 18,000 (300) Airbus E-Fan 2.0 99 miles (1 hour @ 99 mph) 990 (10) 9,900 (100) Predator MQ-1 1,800 miles (24 hours @ 75 mph) 18,000 (240) 180,000 (2,400) Super Heron est. ~4,000 miles (45 hours @ 89 mph?) 40,000 (450+) 400,000 (4,500) Springtail 184 miles (2.2+ hours @ 94 mph ) 1,840 (200+) 18,400 (2,000+) Crazyflie Speed not measured (3 - 10 minutes) ? (30 - 100 min.) ? (maybe 5 - 17 hrs.) InstantEye est. ~8 miles (18 - 20 min @ 25 mph) est. 80 (3.2 hrs.) 800 (32 hrs.) Tesla Model S car ~300 miles (4 - 5 hours @ 70 mph) 3,000 (40 - 50) 30,000 (400 - 500) Shkval torpedo 6.8 - 9.3 miles (1.8 - 2.4 min @230 mph) 68 - 93 (18 - 24 min) 680 - 930 (3 - 4 hrs) Exoskeletons and autonomous robots Require tether cables connected to some type of external power source Duration of autonomous activity might be extended up to weeks or even months Variousaircraft Note: roughly 730 hours in a month and 8,760 hours in a year; average U.S. car’s IC engine runs for ~5,000 hrs over lifetime Enhancements in product range and endurance if LENR technology were commercialized
  22. 22. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 22 LENRs could end combustion of coal: CH4 + 2 O2 → CO2 + 2 H2O + heat Opportunity: retrofit old coal plants with CgNgO boilers LENRs would change boiler, coal pulverizer, and environmental subsystems (for zero NOx or SO2) Retrofit strategy conserves capital; LENR plants would emit Oxygen O2 like trees New LENR-powered boilers could be engineered to seamlessly replace original coal-fired boilers Retrofit with LENR boiler O2
  23. 23. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 23 Commercializing a next-generation source of green CO2-free nuclear energy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GEPhLqwKo6g Lattice Energy LLC Commercializing a next-generation source of green nuclear energy September 14, 2015 Logo copyright, Apple Inc. 23 “Think different" was an advertising slogan for Apple Inc. (formerly Apple Computer Inc.) in 1997 created by the Los Angeles office of advertising agency TBWAChiatDay (unreleased version narrated by Steve Jobs himself)
  24. 24. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 24 Widom-Larsen theory of ultralow energy neutron reactions Three key publications that start in March 2006 referenced below Many-body collective quantum effects enable electroweak catalysis “Ultra low momentum neutron catalyzed nuclear reactions on metallic hydride surfaces” A. Widom and L. Larsen European Physical Journal C - Particles and Fields 46 pp. 107 - 112 (2006) http://www.slideshare.net/lewisglarsen/widom-and-larsen-ulm-neutron- catalyzed-lenrs-on-metallic-hydride-surfacesepjc-march-2006 “A primer for electro-weak induced low energy nuclear reactions” Y. Srivastava, A. Widom, and L. Larsen Pramana - Journal of Physics 75 pp. 617 - 637 (2010) http://www.ias.ac.in/pramana/v75/p617/fulltext.pdf “Theoretical Standard Model rates of proton to neutron conversions near metallic hydride surfaces” A. Widom and L. Larsen Cornell physics preprint arXiv:nucl-th/0608059v2 12 pages (2007) http://arxiv.org/pdf/nucl-th/0608059v2.pdf
  25. 25. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 25 Electroweak reaction in Widom-Larsen theory is simple Protons or deuterons react directly with electrons to make neutrons Need input energy source such as electricity to drive LENR neutron production EnergyE-field + e- sp g e-*sp + p+ g n0 + νe Collective many-body quantum effects: many electrons each transfer little bits of energy to a much smaller number of electrons also bathed in the very same extremely high local electric field Quantum electrodynamics (QED): smaller number of electrons that absorb energy directly from local electric field will increase their effective masses (m = E/c2) above key thresholds β0 where they can react directly with a proton (or deuteron) neutron and neutrino νe neutrinos: ghostly unreactive particles that fly-off into space; n0 neutrons capture on nearby atoms Neutrons + fuel elements heavier elements + decay products Neutrons induce nuclear transmutations that release enormous amounts of clean, CO2-free heat Input energy creates electric fields > 2.5 x1011 V/m Heavy-mass e-* electrons react directly with protons electrons + protons (Hydrogen) g neutrons + neutrinos (benign particles, fly into space) Radiation-free LENR transmutation Require source(s) of input energy Many-body collective electroweak neutron production
  26. 26. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 26 LENR transmutations move left-to-right across rows of Table C N O Transmutation of Carbon to O2 releases 5,000x > heat than combustion September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015 All Rights Reserved 26 Any element in Periodic Table can be LENR fuel - some better than others
  27. 27. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 27 LENR C g N gO releases 5 million x more heat vs. burning Carbon transmuted to O2 instead of being combusted with O2 g CO2 6C-12 Stable 98.7% 6C-13 Stable 1.3% 6C-14 HL=5.7x103 y 7N-14 Stable 99.6% 0.2 6C-15 HL= 2.5 sec 7N-15 Stable 0.4% 6C-16 HL=747 msec 7N-16 HL=7.1 sec 8O-16 Stable 99.76% 8.0 10.4 6C-17 HL=193 msec 7N-17 HL=4.2 sec 8O-17 Stable 0.04% 13.2 8.7 6C-18 HL=92 msec 7N-18 HL=622 msec 8O-18 Stable 0.20% 11.8 13.9 6C-19 HL=46 msec 7N-19 HL=271 msec 8O-19 HL=26.5 sec 9F-19 ~Stable 100% 16.6 12.5 5.0 8.2 1.2 4.3 0.8 4.2 0.6 10.8 2.5 2.85.9 5.3 4.1 8.0 4.0 2.9 2.2 6.6 7.6 2He-4 pool Stable 99.99% Bosonic sink Increasing values of A IncreasingvaluesofZ 7.5 7.5 Beta-delayed alpha decays are denoted by orange arrows with decay energy in MeV: 3.3 2.3 7.7 7.5 [BR = 12.2 %] [BR = 0.0025 %] [BR = 0.001 %] Note: not shown on LENR network chart - for a variety of sound physics reasons, beta- delayed neutron emissions are almost totally suppressed in condensed matter LENRs Nitrogen Oxygen Gamma emissions from neutron captures and decays not shown on chart because they are automatically converted directly into benign infrared photons by heavy SP electrons per the Widom-Larsen theory; issued Lattice patent US# 7,893,414 B2 Totally stable isotopes are indicated by green boxes; some with extremely long half-lives are labeled ~stable; natural abundances denoted in % Unstable isotopes are indicated by purplish boxes; when measured, half-lives are shown as “HL = xx” http://www.slideshare.net/lewisglarsen/us- patent-7893414-b2 9.8 Carbon Fluorine LENR transmutation network cannot get past production of elemental Oxygen (O2) unless ultra low energy neutron fluxes are made to be > 1010 neutrons cm2/sec Fluorine’s “valley of death” H + F reaction disrupts sites Legend: ULM neutron captures proceed from left to right; Q- value of capture reaction in MeV is on top of green horizontal arrow: Beta decays proceed from top to bottom; denoted with blue vertical arrow with Q- value in MeV in blue to left: 4.8 Aromatic Carbon transmutation naturally stops at Oxygen - akin to plants
  28. 28. September 14, 2015 Lattice Energy LLC, Copyright 2015, All rights reserved 28 Further in-depth reading for those who wish to learn more Incredible opportunity to develop green renewable nuclear power LENR fuels derived from biomass --- an inexhaustible energy source “Index and User Guide to the Widom-Larsen theory and ultralow energy neutron reactions (LENRs)” [133 slides] http://www.slideshare.net/lewisglarsen/lattice-energy-llc-hyperlinked-index-to- documents-re-widomlarsen-theory-and-lenrs-september-7-2015 http://www.slideshare.net/lewisglarsen/lattice-energy-llc-lenr-transmutation-of-carbon- better-energy-strategy-than-obama-clean-power-plan-aug-3-2015 “LENR transmutation of Carbon is superior energy strategy - Slashes CO2 emissions for vehicles as well as electric power generation” [32 slides] http://www.slideshare.net/lewisglarsen/lattice-energy-llc-compelling-economics-of- transmutation-vs-combustion-of-carbonaceous-energy-sources-jan-14-2015 “Compelling economics of transmutation vs. combustion of carbonaceous energy sources” [44 slides] “Transmutation vs. combustion - Are LENRs a Chicxulub for fossil fuel dinosaurs?” [49 slides] http://www.slideshare.net/lewisglarsen/lattice-energy-llc-transmutation-vs-combustion- are-lenrs-chicxulub-for-fossil-fuel-dinosaurs-oct-6-2014

×