Abstract. Electroweak production of low-energy neutrons in terrestrial lightning discharges was predicted by the Widom-Larsen theory of low energy nuclear reactions (LENRs) and recently confirmed by new Russian data. Contrary to longstanding belief, this data implies that neutron-capture-driven, non-stellar nucleosynthetic processes have likely been occurring in the environs of earth since it condensed as a planetary body ~4.5 billion years ago. Moreover, some researchers have recently suggested that lightning was significantly involved in dust processing during the era of the presolar nebula; if true, this would push non-stellar nucleosynthesis within the solar system even further back in time. Altogether, present thinking about types of nuclear processes affecting the chemical evolution of the earth and solar system may require revision.