Complete Blood Count

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Complete Blood Count by Michael Ian Borja

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Complete Blood Count

  1. 1. Blood <ul><li>Is specialized bodily fluid </li></ul><ul><li>Transport through the body of oxygen and carbon dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>Defense of the body against infection and other foreign materials </li></ul>
  2. 2. Parts of blood <ul><li>Red Blood Cell </li></ul><ul><li>-most common type of blood cell </li></ul><ul><li>-principal means of delivering oxygen to </li></ul><ul><li>to the body tissues via the blood </li></ul><ul><li>-develop in bone marrow </li></ul><ul><li>-life span is 120 days </li></ul><ul><li>-normal value 4.2-5.4 million </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>White Blood Cell </li></ul><ul><li>-cells of the immune system </li></ul><ul><li>-defending the body against both </li></ul><ul><li>infectious and foreign materials </li></ul><ul><li>-normal value 4500-10000 </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Platelet </li></ul><ul><li>-small cytoplasmic bodies derived from </li></ul><ul><li>cell </li></ul><ul><li>-circulate in the blood and involved in </li></ul><ul><li>hemostasis leading to the formation of </li></ul><ul><li>blood clots </li></ul><ul><li>-normal value 150000-450000 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Complete Blood Count <ul><li>One of the most commonly ordered blood test </li></ul><ul><li>Is the calculation of the cellular or formed elements of blood </li></ul><ul><li>These calculation are determined by special machines that analyze the different components of blood in less than a minute </li></ul>
  6. 6. How is CBC done? <ul><li>Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>-The skin is wiped clean with an alcohol pad </li></ul><ul><li>-Then a needle is inserted through the area of cleansed skin into the patients vein </li></ul><ul><li>-The blood is then pulled from the needle by a syringe or a connection to a s[ecialed vacuumed vial where it is collected </li></ul><ul><li>-Then the sample is then taken to the laboratory for analysis </li></ul>
  7. 7. Automated Machine <ul><li>Sysmex XE-2100 </li></ul><ul><li>-hematology automated analyser </li></ul><ul><li>-used to quickly perform full blood </li></ul><ul><li>counts and reticulocyte count </li></ul><ul><li>-it can be run on its own or connected </li></ul><ul><li>to a blood film making staining unit </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sysmex XE-2100
  9. 9. <ul><li>Beckman Coulter LH 700 </li></ul><ul><li>-hematology automated analyser </li></ul><ul><li>-use to quickly perform full blood counts </li></ul><ul><li>and reticulocyte count </li></ul>
  10. 10. Beckman Coulter LH 700
  11. 11. Manual Count <ul><li>Counting chamber </li></ul><ul><li>-hold a specified volume of diluted blood </li></ul><ul><li>-used to calculate the number of red </li></ul><ul><li>blood cell and white blood cell </li></ul>
  12. 12. Counting Chamber
  13. 13. <ul><li>Blood Film </li></ul><ul><li>-slide made up from a drop of blood </li></ul><ul><li>-allows the cell to be examined micro- </li></ul><ul><li>scopically </li></ul><ul><li>-usually used to investigate hematolo- </li></ul><ul><li>gical problem </li></ul>
  14. 14. Blood Film
  15. 15. White Blood Cell Count <ul><li>-Is used to determine the presence of an infection or luekemia </li></ul><ul><li>-also used to help monitor the body’s response to various treatments and to monitor bone marrow function </li></ul>
  16. 16. White Blood Cell Differential Count <ul><li>-assess the ability of the body to respond to eliminate infection </li></ul><ul><li>-detects the severity of allergic and drug reaction plus the response to parasitic and other types of infection </li></ul><ul><li>-essential in evaluating the reaction to viral infections and response to chemotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>-it can also identify various stages of luekemia </li></ul>
  17. 17. Red Blood Cell Count <ul><li>-used to evaluate any type of decrease and increase in the number of red blood cell as measured per liter of blood. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Platelet Count <ul><li>-require the determination of the number of platelet present and their ability to function correctly. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Fecalysis <ul><li>-refers to a series of laboratory tests done on fecal sample to analyze the condition of a person’s digestive tract </li></ul><ul><li>-this is performed to check for the presence of any reducing substances such as wbc,sugars,or bile and signs of poor absorption as well as screen for colon cancer </li></ul>
  20. 20. Sample Collection Process for Fecalysis <ul><li>-patient need a stool collection kit to obtain and preserve the sample properly </li></ul><ul><li>-patient must urinate first to prevent any urine from mixing with his feces </li></ul><ul><li>-patient must also wear clean gloves to prevent contamination </li></ul>
  21. 21. Normal Result in Fecalysis <ul><li>-the sample must not contain any parasites,virus or bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>-sample must not containing not more than 2 mg per gram of sugar </li></ul><ul><li>-patient stool is brown in color and well formed </li></ul><ul><li>-PH level must be 6 </li></ul>
  22. 22. Abnormal Result in Fecalysis <ul><li>-sample contains mucus,blood,parasite,virus,bacteria or pus </li></ul><ul><li>-sample is containing more than 5 mg per gram of sugar </li></ul><ul><li>-patient stool is colored green,yellow,white,red and black and in liquid form or extremely hard </li></ul><ul><li>-PH level range in 5.3- or higher than 6.8 </li></ul>
  23. 23. Fecal Occult Blood Test <ul><li>-is the test used to identify blood in stool by placing a small sample of stool on a chemically treated card,pad or wipe.Then a specialized chemical solution is put on top of the sample. </li></ul><ul><li>-if the card,pad turn blue there is blood in the stool sample. </li></ul>

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