« XI JINPING,THE NEW ERA »“REJUVENATING CHINA”OR“RULING BY LAW” ?BACKGROUND & PERSONALITIES OF THE FIFTH GENERATION OF LEADERS,& THEIR CORE POLICIESMAY 2013
“XI JINPING, THE NEW ERA”More than 40 global corporations have already been ordering our study “Xi Jinping, the newera” (released in November 2012 for its first, CCP-part – sponsorship by Nestlé”), which is set to be areference tool for professionals from every sector for the next five years.Roland Decorvet, CEO of Nestlé China, expresses his appreciation: “Thanks to accuratecomments and a well-informed analysis, the study provides a global understanding of China’scomplexity. A refreshing pleasure to read and different from most others”.NEW GOVERNMENT UNTIL 2017Following the recent reshuffle (November 2012/March 2013), we present over 40 profiles of thenew governing bodies until 2017: Politburo members, State Councillors, Ministers…Besides, we offer an in-depth analysis of the restructuration of the State Council (Energy,Transports, Food Safety, Oceanic, and Health…) and 8 new politics:- Agriculture,- Food Safety,- Urbanisation,- Environment,- Corruption,- Taxation,- Diplomacy,- DefencePages: 113 pages, including organization charts, diagrams…Price:EUR 750EUR 500 for “Le Vent de la Chine” subscribersA reduced rate of EUR 200 is granted for those who already ordered the 1st part of the studyTo book a copy, please contact us: firstname.lastname@example.org
CHINA TRADE WINDS’ STUDY,“XI JINPING, THE NEW ERA”: A REVIEWBY WILLIAM KAZER, JOURNALIST, CHINA EXPERTChina has wrapped up its much anticipated Communist Party Congress, a key gathering thathas brought in a new leadership team for the ruling party - a team that is already making significantchanges in style and substance. The political transition is now complete with the unveiling of the newgovernment lineup, and this closely watched change of the guard will determine the direction ofpolicies, possibly for the next decade, in the worlds second largest economy.China Trade Winds, led by long-time China watcher Eric Meyer, has put together a wide-ranging analysis of these important personnel changes and their policy implications. This study bringstogether years of experience in assessing China and its key political and economic developments. Atthis critical juncture, the study takes an in-depth look at the individuals who have already joined thisnew party elite and those waiting in the wings for a chance to be counted among the top decisionmakers in the years ahead.It is a highly readable account, full of anecdotes and up close, "insider" observations on themain characters and their ascent to power. It looks at the alliances and the fault lines within thepolitical establishment, and assesses how these factors will decide which policies might emerge andwho might support them -- or stand in their way. It looks at the new party leader Xi Jinping and hisnumber two Li Keqiang -- the countrys next premier -- as well as the less visible but highly influentialWang Huning -- the "sherpa" who has already served two Communist Party chiefs by preparing theirintellectual ammunition.This is an essential study for anyone who takes Chinas political and economic developmentsseriously. Likewise, it is a must read for anyone doing business in the Peoples Republic of China andtrying to anticipate shifts in policy direction.
XU SHAOSHI (徐绍史)NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT & REFORM COMMISSION CHAIRMANAN OIL-SEARCHER & A BOSS OF CHINA’S ECONOMYBorn in Ningbo, in Zhejiang, in 1951, Xu Shaoshi is a very discretefigure, joining the party at age 23 in 1974. He graduated from theChangchun College of Geology, and climbed the ranks of the Ministry ofGeology and Mineral Resources from 1980 to 1993. Then he enteredNankai University in Tianjin and the Central Party School in Beijing. Startingin 1996, he served as director of the secretariat and deputy secretary-general of the State Council.Minister of Land and Resources from April 2007 to March 2013, he isa high-profile protégé of former premier Wen Jiabao’s. In 2010, Xu madea mysterious trip to Australian Antarctica, by plane and then on board the icebreaker Xuelong, in abid to better familiarize his government with the economic potential of the Antarctic and South Poleregion.In March 2013, he was appointed head of the powerful National Development and ReformCommission, which holds sway over vast sectors of the Chinese economy. This appointment indicatesthat Wen Jiabao, although weakened by reports surrounding his family’s recently amassed wealth(2.7 billion dollars, according to the New York Times), still managed to place allies into key positionsduring the latest changing of the guard.In his new post, Xu has the power to review major construction projects and oversee thedevelopment of the energy sector. In his previous position, Xu set out plans to sharply step up oil andmineral exploration, anxious to alleviate “Chinas dependency on foreign sources for energy andmany minerals, a matter of state security.” He also helped map out a plan to streamline China’s StateOceanic Administration and restructure the nation’s competing coast guard fleets.Although Xu vowed to strengthen supervision of China’s offshore oil drilling operationsfollowing a series of hazardous spills, the government still hasn’t imposed strict punishments on theworst, repeat offenders in terms of spills that have wreaked havoc with sections of the Chinesecoastline (the last one was in the Bohai Sea in 2012, by Conoco Phillips and its partner the Cnooc).Xu’s being placed at the economic helm of the NDRC seems to be in line with the lesser priority defacto placed on environment protection.However, a statement made in 2011 by Xu as the minister of land and resources, at a nationalland resources conference, sheds a different light: from now on, in land biddings for housing purpose,“only the bidder who can best serve the public interest” would win the use of the land, and not onlythe bid amount but also the prices of the future residences would be taken into account.Clearly, at this stage, Xu Shaoshi was standing on Li Keqiang’s and Xi Jinping’s side, preparingfor a massive housing program, if not environmentally friendly, at democratic prices.
JIANG JIEMIN (蒋洁敏)STATE-OWNED ASSETS SUPERVISION & ADMINISTRATION COMMISSIONCHAIRMANTHE RESISTIBLE RISE OF THE ENERGY FACTIONBorn in Shandong province in 1955, Jiang Jiemin is a key figure inChinas oil and gas industry with almost 30 years’ experience. Just monthsbefore being named to head the SASAC, he was elevated to become afull member of the 18th Central Committee.Until March of 2013 head of the CNPC and its listed subsidiaryPetroChina, Jiang has been made chairman of the State-Owned AssetsSupervision and Administration Commission (SASAC). The commissionmanages the ten dozen biggest state-owned enterprises, and has seenprofits from these firms, many of which enjoy a monopoly, skyrocket inrecent years. These consortia and the SASAC are a closed, politicallyconnected club, arguably the most powerful economic lobby, and theyselect informally from among their peers those who are to run and protect their institutions, thosemost apt at defending their own interests parallel to those of the nation, or even of the party. Theyexemplify what China analyst Willy Lam calls “the rise of the energy faction in Chinese politics.”Jiang’s move was orchestrated by the party’s powerful Central Organization Department,which controls appointments to the top 4000 nomenklatura positions, including the heads of state-owned conglomerates. His elevation was supported by patron Zhou Yongkang, a veteran of CNPCwho later became public security minister. Close to Jiang Zemin, Zhou belongs to the ShanghaiFaction, and retains power despite stepping down from the Politburo Standing Committee lastautumn. From Jiang Jiemin’s promotion, it may be inferred that Zhou, while compromised in theunresolved Bo Xilai imbroglio, still had enough clout to nominate a protégé to head the SASAC, oneof his spheres of influence.As the head of SASAC, Jiang will face calls to reform China’s leading state-owned firms,especially the oil titans, and halt a string of ecological disasters that have emerged over the lastyears. Under his leadership, the CNPC was responsible for an explosion at its Dalian refinery (Liaoning)in July 2010, which led to a spill in coastal waters and killed a fire-fighter. Other accidents followedwithin the network of the CNPC plants, arguably the result of over-rapid expansion and failure toinvest in accident prevention. Before this string of catastrophes, in an address to fellow leaders of oilcompanies, Jiang stated: “Environmental protection is our national policy, and is, above all, thecorporate responsibility.” According to the press, Jiang Jiemin got away with a “stern warning”, and"demerit" marks” for the Dalian oil spill. Despite these minimal sanctions, and some unconfirmedrumours of corruption (March 2013), Jiang Jiemin continues to rise. Some western experts expect himto launch reforms that will see state-owned firms in energy, transport and finance face more privatecompetition.
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