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LEINWIG – DEMOGRAPHICS & ECONOMY
Leinwig’s mayor is concerned that the city has recently been predicted to experience further population decrease. As a
city with around 73.581 inhabitants, the city is developing into a centre of life for many elderly people. In the next
decades, the number of citizens is estimated to fall about 1% percentage each year. Beyond that, assessments from
the past 20 years demonstrate that Leinwig has had a steady population decrease in the past and therefore can be
described as a shrinking and dying city.
In a nationwide survey, Leinwig was recently placed in top ranking for quality of life. Those who become acquainted
with Leinwig will be fascinated by the unique architecture, the quality of life and the cultural and recreational offers
in the rural surroundings. It is especially the quality and number of nurseries and schools, the atmosphere in Leinwig,
the range of cultural events, museums and the theatre as well as the number and diversity of recreational facilities,
which define the city.
• 73.581 residents (including approx. 5.000 foreign citizens)
• Median Age Leinwig: 48,2 (median age Germany: 45,7)
• Life Expectancy (female): 103 years, Life Expectancy (male): 99 years
• Different foreign nationalities: 113; Nations of origin (the top 10): Turkey, Poland, Russian Federation, Italy,
Kosovo, Vietnam, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, UK, Spain
• Largest stretch without exclave: North-South = 11,2 km, East-West = 12,6 km
• City area: 72,47 km²
• Highest elevation: 88m above sea level
• Lowest elevation: 6,4m above sea level
• Medium sea level: 16,9 m above sea level (Market square)
• Density (per 31.05.2013): Around 10,45 Residents/Hectare
• Highest building: 181m above sea level (Telephone tower of the Deutsche Post AG)
• Geographic center: Statue in the market square
• 245 kilometres of roads
• 58 Sportclubs with around 17,300 members
Leinwig impresses through its high quality of life. The city has brought the region an influx of companies and
families. Another plus: there are means of relaxation close by, in form of the Northern Heath ‘Nordheide’, the forests,
river landscapes as well as historic brick buildings in the city centre of the city. Past, present and future are more
closely intertwined than in many other cities. In this respect, monument preservation and improving the quality of life
are central pieces of economic development, of which both the city and the whole region profit. The corporation city
tries its best to ensure that Leinwig’s people are comfortable.
As in other areas of the Republic, the amount of elderly people in the Leinwig population is clearly rising. The
prolonged low birth rates and the consistently rising life expectancy result in a drastic change in the relation between
younger and older generations. The amount of 18 to 64 year-olds in the Leinwig population is around 59 percentage.
The amount of people, who are 65 years and older, is currently around 25 percentage.
The city meets the diversity of needs and interests with different offers for support and consultation. In close
cooperation with church organisations, charities and independent welfare organisations, the city can offer
differentiated and valuable support for young and old: from a high level of child care to educational and recreational
offers for all age groups as well as a dense network of consultation and support offers for those in social distress.
The demographic change poses great challenge to the region. There are more and more pensioners compared to a
sinking number of young people. However, the change is mouldable. To ensure generational equity, it is important to
facilitate exchange between old and young people, to guarantee the care for elderly people as well as providing the
necessary infrastructure. For this purpose there are numerous institutions and associations in the region, which take
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care of the pensioners’ concerns. It is rounded off by many cultural and social offers, which improve the life in the city
and district. Also the city and district have various consulting and supporting services. Besides 14 retirement homes,
the city has numerous day care facilities and ambulant nursing services, which support and accompany the elderly
residents in their daily lives.
Many measures are taken in the region to protect health. Going easy on resources and nature, a moderated industrial
development through use of environmentally friendly technologies and optimal medical care are guarantees for a high
quality of life in Leinwig. Another aspect, which marks the appeal of the city Leinwig, is the high density of doctors in
all fields. The city hospital is an acute care hospital with specialized medical services and offers encompassing
medical care with 14 clinics and institutes as well as seven in-patient wards. The goal is to offer the people in the
region and beyond a high level of health care throughout the entire supply chain: from birth to old age, from
prevention to acute care up to rehabilitation and home care.
An important factor for the city is being family friendly. Work and family should be as compatible as possible. A lot is
being done in the region for a family friendly infrastructure. To meet the different needs of children, parents and
employers, there is a sustainable network of childcare facilities and offers including day nurseries, nurseries, after
school centres as well as holiday care, supervision after school and child day care.
In the economic region Leinwig, there is a wide mix of industrial sectors. This has a positive effect on the regional job
market data. In the years from 2009 to 2012, companies invested more than 201 million Euros in the construction of
new business premises or the expansion of existing ones in the region Leinwig. This trend still continues. They are
especially innovative, medium sized companies, whose investments are oriented at growing international markets
and who are supported by subsidy-programs of the Northland state or the Leinwig region. In this way, more than 500
new jobs are to be created in the regional economy over the next several years. In the recent years the unemployment
figures have decreased continuously. While the quota in 2007 stood at 8,9 percent, there were only 6,4 percent
unemployed in 2012.
Some of the most important institutions and establishments, which are settled in Leinwig, are (beside the
administrations of the city and district Leinwig) the government representation, the lower Saxony administrative
appeals tribunal, chamber of industry and commerce and the chamber of trade as well as the customs office. The
majority of employees in Leinwig work in the public / private service sector or in the automobile and textile industry.
Three large companies dominate the automobile industry: Bernheim Textile Solutions, the Lübbe GmbH and Liewert
Industries. Tourism plays a large role for Leinwig’s economy; the city has turned into a very popular travelling
destination amongst German tourists.