Proposal Presentation


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Proposal Presentation

  1. 1. Lester J. Rosario Rodríguez RISE Program
  2. 2.  Technology today  Continues to advance  People become more dependent  Cell phones  become people’s most important gadget because they facilitate communication  Divan and collaborators in 2008 associated cell phones use during pregnancy to behavioral problems in children.  Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  3. 3. The attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD):  Symptoms include:  difficulty staying focused and paying attention  difficulty controlling behavior  hyperactivity (over-activity).
  4. 4. Prenatal high exposure to cell phone use provokes attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the offspring.
  5. 5. To determine if the prenatal high exposure to cell phone use causes attention- deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  6. 6. Raise awareness in pregnant women about the use of cell phones.
  7. 7. First Phase:  A big group of recently pregnant women will be asked to fill a questionnaire  Time they spent a day talking through cell phones.  Another questionnaire will be filled by these mothers about the behavior of their children  Children of 3 to 6 years old.  Questions included: Are their children using cell phones? How much time?  It will be determined how many children are diagnosed with ADHD.
  8. 8. Second Phase:  Expose pregnant hamsters to electromagnetic radiation equivalent to cell phones exposure.  Frequencies:  900 MHz  1.9 GHz  2.4-GHz  5.8 GHz  Groups and time intervals:  Group 1= 3 hours a day  Group 2= 6 hours a day  Control group: no exposure
  9. 9.  Propose pregnant women to use cell phones with low frequencies of electromagnetic radiation or use them for short periods.  Research about the effects of high exposure to cell phone use in the behavior or health of children, adolescents and adults.
  10. 10.  Divan, Hozefa A.; Kheifets, Leeka; Obel, Carsten; Olsen, Jørn. (2008). Prenatal and Postnatal Exposure to Cell Phone Use and Behavioral Problems in Children. Retrieved from: natal_Exposure_to_Cell_Phone_Use.1.aspx  Vrijheid M, Martinez D, Forns J, Guxens M, Julvez J, Ferrer, Sunyer J. (2010). Prenatal exposure to cell phone use and neurodevelopment at 14 months. Retrieved from:  NIMH. (2008). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Retrieved on July 2, 2010, from: hyperactivity-disorder/complete-index.shtml
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