Leadership:  The Four Styles Professional Seminar, November 17, 2007 Authors/Presenters: Karita Campos-Bidwell Christina C...
Introduction <ul><li>Designed to help you identify your leadership style </li></ul><ul><li>Identify most appropriate leade...
Personal Leadership Style <ul><li>What is leadership? </li></ul><ul><li>What is your preferred style? </li></ul><ul><li>Im...
Leadership in General <ul><li>Various definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior, personal characteristics, & leadership situa...
4 Characteristics of Effective Leaders <ul><li>Provide direction and meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Generate trust </li></ul><u...
Holistic Leaders <ul><li>Those with the skill to use all 4 styles </li></ul><ul><li>Very rare </li></ul><ul><li>Jack Welch...
Holistic Leaders Can Analyze & Respond to: <ul><li>Diverse people </li></ul><ul><li>Complex tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Variet...
The 4 Leadership Styles <ul><li>Type A  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fact Based </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type B  </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Type A Personality Fact Based
Type A Leadership Style <ul><li>Leaders expect themselves and others to perform at exceedingly high levels </li></ul><ul><...
Characteristics of Type A <ul><li>Are at ease with others </li></ul><ul><li>Are comfortable with tasks and environments th...
Characteristics of Type A <ul><li>Priority is to get to the bottom line </li></ul><ul><li>Are inquisitive or fact finders ...
The Flip Side of Type A <ul><li>Leaders can be very harsh  </li></ul><ul><li>Perfectionists </li></ul><ul><li>Fashion </li...
Key to a Good Leader <ul><li>  To find out what one is fitted to do and to secure an opportunity to do it is the key to ha...
Type B Personality Creativity Based
Strengths <ul><li>Provides an open and creative work environment which provides opportunity for suggestions and clarificat...
Characteristics <ul><li>Artistic </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Imaginative </li></ul><ul><li>Spontaneous </...
PERSONALITY C FEELINGS BASED
CHARACTERISTICS OF TYPE C <ul><li>VERY SOCIAL </li></ul><ul><li>SPONTANEOUS </li></ul><ul><li>FRIENDLY </li></ul><ul><li>E...
CHARACTERISTICS OF TYPE C <ul><li>PREFER TO USE EMOTIONS,EMPATHY,INTUITION, AND INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS TO GUIDE THEIR...
<ul><li>MAKES DECISIONS BASED UPON HOW HE/SHE FEELS ABOUT THE ISSUE. </li></ul><ul><li>MAKE ALL KINDS OF PROMISES AND THIN...
<ul><li>PRONE TO THINK,ACT AND RESPOND TO STIMULI IN FAST-PACED MANNER. </li></ul><ul><li>SEEK APPROVAL + RECOGNITION FROM...
FLIP SIDE <ul><li>TALKS TOO MUCH </li></ul><ul><li>TOO PERMISSIVE </li></ul><ul><li>JOBS ARE NOT OFTEN DONE WELL </li></ul...
Personality type D Control/Power Based
Characteristics <ul><li>2 major aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dictatorial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Authorit...
Two Major Aspects <ul><li>Authoritative </li></ul><ul><li>Dictatorial </li></ul>
Dictatorial <ul><li>All decision-making power is theirs </li></ul><ul><li>Unrealistic demands </li></ul><ul><li>Uses exces...
Passive dictatorship <ul><li>All decision making power is theirs </li></ul><ul><li>Unrealistic demands clouded in humor </...
Authoritative  <ul><li>Seldom lets others make decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Feels he is the most qualified and experienced ...
Type D is… <ul><li>Control and power based </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed </li></ul><ul><li>Planned </li></ul><ul><li>Sequenti...
Strengths <ul><li>Produces action needed </li></ul>
Biggest Weakness Is <ul><li>Failure to recognize the skills and abilities within other people </li></ul><ul><li>Denies opp...
When it is appropriate <ul><li>During emergencies or crisis </li></ul><ul><li>When employee safety is at risk </li></ul><u...
How to communicate with Type D <ul><li>Wants you to be: efficient and to the point </li></ul><ul><li>Provide them with: op...
General Strategies <ul><li>Be efficient and competent </li></ul><ul><li>Support their goals and objectives </li></ul><ul><...
And if you disagree <ul><li>Argue facts </li></ul><ul><li>not personal feelings </li></ul>
Summary and Conclusion Of the Four Leadership Styles <ul><li>Type A  - Fact Based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expects others to ...
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Source <ul><li>W.C. Howard, Ph.D., “Leadership:  The Four Styles,”  Education , Volume 126, No. 2  </li></ul>
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Mmg 692 Jh01 Leadership Presentation Leslie Mary Lou Christina Alicia Karita 11 16 08

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Mmg 692 Jh01 Leadership Presentation Leslie Mary Lou Christina Alicia Karita 11 16 08

  1. 1. Leadership: The Four Styles Professional Seminar, November 17, 2007 Authors/Presenters: Karita Campos-Bidwell Christina Centrella Mary Lou Dorman Leslie Pirtle Alicia Santos-Silva
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Designed to help you identify your leadership style </li></ul><ul><li>Identify most appropriate leadership style of subordinates </li></ul><ul><li>Data for this article was gathered over a span of 30 years </li></ul>
  3. 3. Personal Leadership Style <ul><li>What is leadership? </li></ul><ul><li>What is your preferred style? </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on people, tasks & environment </li></ul><ul><li>Preferred style of your team members? </li></ul><ul><li>Assigning tasks based on leadership style helps increase productivity </li></ul>
  4. 4. Leadership in General <ul><li>Various definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior, personal characteristics, & leadership situations </li></ul>
  5. 5. 4 Characteristics of Effective Leaders <ul><li>Provide direction and meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Generate trust </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer action and risk taking </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate hope </li></ul>--Warren Bennis
  6. 6. Holistic Leaders <ul><li>Those with the skill to use all 4 styles </li></ul><ul><li>Very rare </li></ul><ul><li>Jack Welch of G.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Andy Grove of Intel </li></ul><ul><li>John Chambers of I.B.M. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Holistic Leaders Can Analyze & Respond to: <ul><li>Diverse people </li></ul><ul><li>Complex tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of cultures in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Peoples’ differing personalities, perceptions, abilities, attitudes & skills </li></ul>
  8. 8. The 4 Leadership Styles <ul><li>Type A </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fact Based </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type B </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creativity Based </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type C </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings Based </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type D </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control / Power Based </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Type A Personality Fact Based
  10. 10. Type A Leadership Style <ul><li>Leaders expect themselves and others to perform at exceedingly high levels </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders put significant importance on the bottom line </li></ul>
  11. 11. Characteristics of Type A <ul><li>Are at ease with others </li></ul><ul><li>Are comfortable with tasks and environments that deal with facts, logic, theories and scientific applications. </li></ul><ul><li>Will set high quantitative standards of behavior and expectations for themselves and of their employees </li></ul><ul><li>Seldom demonstrate any emotion of feelings for others </li></ul>
  12. 12. Characteristics of Type A <ul><li>Priority is to get to the bottom line </li></ul><ul><li>Are inquisitive or fact finders </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Flip Side of Type A <ul><li>Leaders can be very harsh </li></ul><ul><li>Perfectionists </li></ul><ul><li>Fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Thinkers </li></ul><ul><li>Caution/Accuracy </li></ul>
  14. 14. Key to a Good Leader <ul><li> To find out what one is fitted to do and to secure an opportunity to do it is the key to happiness.” Dewey pg.391 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Type B Personality Creativity Based
  16. 16. Strengths <ul><li>Provides an open and creative work environment which provides opportunity for suggestions and clarification </li></ul>
  17. 17. Characteristics <ul><li>Artistic </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Imaginative </li></ul><ul><li>Spontaneous </li></ul><ul><li>Holistic </li></ul>
  18. 18. PERSONALITY C FEELINGS BASED
  19. 19. CHARACTERISTICS OF TYPE C <ul><li>VERY SOCIAL </li></ul><ul><li>SPONTANEOUS </li></ul><ul><li>FRIENDLY </li></ul><ul><li>EMOTIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>ENTHUSIASTIC </li></ul>
  20. 20. CHARACTERISTICS OF TYPE C <ul><li>PREFER TO USE EMOTIONS,EMPATHY,INTUITION, AND INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS TO GUIDE THEIR RELATIONSHIPS.. </li></ul><ul><li>UNCOMFORTABLE USING DATA FOR DECISION MAKING.. </li></ul><ul><li>DONOT USE PRINCIPALS OF SCIENCE TO ANALYZE + SOLVE PROBLEMS, WE PREFER INTUITION.. </li></ul><ul><li>OPEN & DIRECT IN THEIR COMMUNICATION STYLE.. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>MAKES DECISIONS BASED UPON HOW HE/SHE FEELS ABOUT THE ISSUE. </li></ul><ul><li>MAKE ALL KINDS OF PROMISES AND THINKS “ ALL THINGS ARE POSSIBLE .” </li></ul><ul><li>HAS A HARD TIME FOLLOWING THROUGH WITH COMMITMENTS. </li></ul><ul><li>NEED TO DEVELOP SENSITIVITY TO FEELINGS OF OTHERS, WEIGHING THE CONSEQUENCES OF WORDS OR ACTIONS BEFORE JUMPING INTO SOMETHING. </li></ul>CHARACTERISTICS OF TYPE C
  22. 22. <ul><li>PRONE TO THINK,ACT AND RESPOND TO STIMULI IN FAST-PACED MANNER. </li></ul><ul><li>SEEK APPROVAL + RECOGNITION FROM THOSE IN CONTROL. </li></ul>CHARACTERISTICS OF TYPE C
  23. 23. FLIP SIDE <ul><li>TALKS TOO MUCH </li></ul><ul><li>TOO PERMISSIVE </li></ul><ul><li>JOBS ARE NOT OFTEN DONE WELL </li></ul><ul><li>EASILY HURT </li></ul><ul><li>PUSH-OVER, TAKEN ADVANTAGE OF </li></ul><ul><li>HOLDS ON TO OTHER’S HURT OR PAIN </li></ul>
  24. 24. Personality type D Control/Power Based
  25. 25. Characteristics <ul><li>2 major aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dictatorial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Authoritative </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengths </li></ul><ul><li>Weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>How to communicate </li></ul><ul><li>When to use it </li></ul>
  26. 26. Two Major Aspects <ul><li>Authoritative </li></ul><ul><li>Dictatorial </li></ul>
  27. 27. Dictatorial <ul><li>All decision-making power is theirs </li></ul><ul><li>Unrealistic demands </li></ul><ul><li>Uses excessive discipline and punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Does not allow others to question decisions or authority </li></ul>
  28. 28. Passive dictatorship <ul><li>All decision making power is theirs </li></ul><ul><li>Unrealistic demands clouded in humor </li></ul><ul><li>Subtle forms of discipline and punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Allows questions about decisions (seemingly) but ignores them </li></ul><ul><li>Pretends to be your friend only to get their way </li></ul>
  29. 29. Authoritative <ul><li>Seldom lets others make decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Feels he is the most qualified and experienced </li></ul><ul><li>Considers his views to be the most valid </li></ul><ul><li>Lacks confidence in others abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Critical of differing opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely gives recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Easily offended </li></ul><ul><li>Action oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Highly competitive </li></ul>
  30. 30. Type D is… <ul><li>Control and power based </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed </li></ul><ul><li>Planned </li></ul><ul><li>Sequential </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative </li></ul><ul><li>Dominant </li></ul><ul><li>Highly Structured </li></ul><ul><li>High Task </li></ul><ul><li>Formal </li></ul><ul><li>Provides specific and detailed instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Intolerant of any deviation from plans </li></ul><ul><li>Discipline oriented </li></ul>
  31. 31. Strengths <ul><li>Produces action needed </li></ul>
  32. 32. Biggest Weakness Is <ul><li>Failure to recognize the skills and abilities within other people </li></ul><ul><li>Denies opportunities for others to use or exhibit their skills in decision-making venues </li></ul>
  33. 33. When it is appropriate <ul><li>During emergencies or crisis </li></ul><ul><li>When employee safety is at risk </li></ul><ul><li>When severe disciplinary action needs to be taken </li></ul><ul><li>New hires unfamiliar with their jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Constant misuse of authority </li></ul><ul><li>When company rules are broken </li></ul><ul><li>When you are the sole person responsible for a decision </li></ul>
  34. 34. How to communicate with Type D <ul><li>Wants you to be: efficient and to the point </li></ul><ul><li>Provide them with: options and information on what it does and by when, freedom to act, immediate action </li></ul>
  35. 35. General Strategies <ul><li>Be efficient and competent </li></ul><ul><li>Support their goals and objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Be precise </li></ul><ul><li>Be time disciplined </li></ul><ul><li>Be well organized </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the results/bottom line </li></ul><ul><li>Do not waste their time </li></ul><ul><li>Let them make the decision </li></ul>
  36. 36. And if you disagree <ul><li>Argue facts </li></ul><ul><li>not personal feelings </li></ul>
  37. 37. Summary and Conclusion Of the Four Leadership Styles <ul><li>Type A - Fact Based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expects others to perform at a high level, with emphasis on the bottom line. Type B </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides an open and creative work environment, which provides opportunity for suggestions and clarification </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type-B - Creativity Based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides an open and creative work Environment, which provides opportunity for suggestions and clarification. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type C - Feelings Based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes decisions based upon how he/she feels about the issue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type D - Control/Power Based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides specific and detailed instructions and does not tolerate deviation f from assigned sequence </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. ?
  39. 39. Source <ul><li>W.C. Howard, Ph.D., “Leadership: The Four Styles,” Education , Volume 126, No. 2 </li></ul>

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