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Writing an Intro


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Writing an Intro

  1. 1. Building your introduction The most important step to a good paper
  2. 2. Purpose of an Introduction <ul><li>To introduce the topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Duh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give background </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Build anticipation for the reader </li></ul><ul><li>Set the tone for the paper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose? Audience? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Two main ways to do an intro: <ul><li>The “Inverted Pyramid” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The most common </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Widely used in newspapers / business writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colder / formal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anecdotal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A bit more personal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tells a story </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Inverted Pyramid <ul><li>Think of it as a “funnel” </li></ul><ul><li>You start broad at the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow down at the end </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hence, the upside down pyramid model </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Inverted Pyramid (example) Baseball has been played by children and professionals since time began, it seems. The way we watch a baseball game today is not entirely unlike the way people watched it in the late-1800’s when it was officially created. However, many subtle rules have been created in baseball that have had significant impacts on the game. Among these rules was the adaptation of the “Designated Hitter” in the early 1970’s. Looking carefully at this rule, one can find that the designated hitter rule has extended the playing life of many major league baseball players .
  6. 6. The idea is this: Baseball in the Modern Era Differences in modern era and “ classic” baseball “ Beneficial” Rule Changes Adoption of the Designated Hitter Thesis
  7. 7. The Anecdotal Introduction <ul><li>Tells a story to involve your reader </li></ul><ul><li>Develops a personal interest </li></ul><ul><li>Somewhat helpful in an informative paper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But inverted pyramid is preferable </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Anecdotal Introduction (example) It was October of 1988. Dodger fans were feeling blue. It was the bottom of the ninth. The Dodgers were down by one run. Manager Tommy Lasorda looked to his bench and called upon the injured Kirk Gibson to pinch hit. Gibson, who had two bad knees at the time, was only on the Dodger roster because he could swing the bat and be the designated hitter in Oakland’s American League ballpark. It was because of the designated hitter rule that Gibson got the chance to win the game for the Dodgers, and hit one of the most memorable home runs in major league baseball history. Looking carefully at the designated hitter rule, one can see that it has extended the playing life of many major league baseball players, including the famous Kirk Gibson .
  9. 9. The idea was this: <ul><li>Find a significant story that proves your point </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who hasn’t seen Gibson run around second pumping his arm? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Retell that story to prove your point </li></ul>
  10. 10. Now… Go create an introduction to your paper!