8 December 2017
TF50 (2017) 19 – Commission to EU 27
Subject: Joint report from the negotiators of the European Union and the
United Kingdom Government on progress during phase 1 of
negotiations under Article 50 TEU on the United Kingdom's orderly
withdrawal from the European Union.
Origin: Presented jointly by the negotiators of the European Union and
the United Kingdom Government.
Remarks: This report is put forward with a view to the meeting of the
European Council (Article 50) of 14-15 December 2017. Under the
caveat that nothing is agreed until everything is agreed, the joint
commitments set out in this joint report shall be reflected in the
Withdrawal Agreement in full detail. This does not prejudge any
adaptations that might be appropriate in case transitional
arrangements were to be agreed in the second phase of the
negotiations, and is without prejudice to discussions on the
framework of the future relationship.
Published on the TF50 website on 8 December 2017
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8 December 2017
JOINT REPORT FROM THE NEGOTIATORS OF THE EUROPEAN
UNION AND THE UNITED KINGDOM GOVERNMENT
ON PROGRESS DURING PHASE 1 OF NEGOTIATIONS UNDER
ARTICLE 50 TEU ON THE UNITED KINGDOM'S ORDERLY
WITHDRAWAL FROM THE EUROPEAN UNION
1. This report, presented jointly by the negotiators of the European Union (Union) and
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK), records the progress
made in the first phase of negotiations under Article 50 of the Treaty on European
Union (TEU) on the UK's orderly withdrawal from the Union.
2. Both Parties have reached agreement in principle across the following three areas
under consideration in the first phase of negotiations, on which further detail is set out
in this report:
a. protecting the rights of Union citizens in the UK and UK citizens in the Union;
b. the framework for addressing the unique circumstances in Northern Ireland;
c. the financial settlement.
3. Progress was also made in achieving agreement on aspects of other separation issues.
4. The positions detailed in this report form a single and coherent package. Agreement in
principle has been reached on the package as a whole, as opposed to individual
5. Under the caveat that nothing is agreed until everything is agreed, the joint
commitments set out below in this joint report shall be reflected in the Withdrawal
Agreement in full detail. This does not prejudge any adaptations that might be
appropriate in case transitional arrangements were to be agreed in the second phase of
the negotiations, and is without prejudice to discussions on the framework of the
6. The overall objective of the Withdrawal Agreement with respect to citizens' rights is
to provide reciprocal protection for Union and UK citizens, to enable the effective
exercise of rights derived from Union law and based on past life choices, where
those citizens have exercised free movement rights by the specified date.
7. To date, both Parties have reached a common understanding on the following.1
8. The specified date should be the time of the UK's withdrawal.
This common understanding is based on a more detailed consensus between the Parties, as expressed in the
latest joint technical note that summarises the UK and EU positions.
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9. The use of Union law concepts in the citizens’ rights Part of the Withdrawal
Agreement is to be interpreted in line with the case law of the Court of Justice of the
European Union (CJEU) by the specified date;
10. Union citizens who in accordance with Union law legally reside in the UK, and UK
nationals who in accordance with Union law legally reside in an EU27 Member State
by the specified date, as well as their family members as defined by Directive
2004/38/EC who are legally resident in the host State by the specified date, fall within
the scope of the Withdrawal Agreement (for personal scope related to frontier
workers, see paragraph 15, and for social security, see paragraph 28);
11. Within the scope of application of this Part of the Withdrawal Agreement and without
prejudice to any special provisions therein, any discrimination on grounds of
nationality will be prohibited in the host State and the State of work in respect of
Union citizens and UK nationals, and their respective family members covered by the
12. Irrespective of their nationality, the following categories of family members who were
not residing in the host State on the specified date will be entitled to join a Union
citizen or UK national right holder after the specified date for the life time of the right
holder, on the same conditions as under current Union law:
a. all family members as referred to in Article 2 of Directive 2004/38/EC,
provided they were related to the right holder on the specified date and they
continue to be so related at the point they wish to join the right holder; and
b. children born, or legally adopted, after the specified date, whether inside or
outside the host State, where:
i. the child is born to, or legally adopted by, parents who are both
protected by the Withdrawal Agreement or where one parent is
protected by the Withdrawal Agreement and the other is a national of
the host State; or
ii. the child is born to, or legally adopted by, a parent who is protected by
the Withdrawal Agreement and who has sole or joint custody of the
child under the applicable family law of an EU27 Member State or the
UK and without prejudging the normal operation of that law, in
particular as regards the best interests of the child;
13. The UK and EU27 Member States will facilitate entry and residence of partners in a
durable relationship (Article 3(2)(b) of Directive 2004/38/EC) after the UK’s
withdrawal in accordance with national legislation if the partners did not reside in the
host state on the specified date, the relationship existed and was durable on the
specified date and continues to exist at the point they wish to join the right holder;
14. The right to be joined by family members not covered by paragraphs 12 and 13 after
the specified date will be subject to national law;
15. Those who on the specified date are working as frontier workers, as defined under
Union law, fall within the scope of the Withdrawal Agreement;
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16. The UK and EU27 Member States can require persons concerned to apply to obtain a
status conferring the rights of residence as provided for by the Withdrawal Agreement
and be issued with a residence document attesting to the existence of that right. Where
the host State requires persons concerned to apply for a status, no status is obtained if
no successful application is made, subject to paragraph 17e. The UK and EU27
Member States can also continue with the present system under which entitlement of
rights under the Withdrawal Agreement may be attested by any other means of proof
than a residence document;
17. Administrative procedures for applications for status will be transparent, smooth and
a. The Withdrawal Agreement will specify that the host State cannot require
anything more than is strictly necessary and proportionate to determine
whether the criteria have been met. The Withdrawal Agreement will contain
provisions that follow a similar approach to the provisions on evidential
requirements in Directive 2004/38;
b. The host State will avoid any unnecessary administrative burdens;
c. Application forms will be short, simple, user friendly and adjusted to the
context of the Withdrawal Agreement. The host State will work with the
applicants to help them prove their eligibility under the Withdrawal Agreement
and to avoid any errors or omissions that may impact on the application
decision. Competent authorities will give applicants the opportunity to furnish
supplementary evidence or remedy any deficiencies where it appears a simple
omission has taken place. A principle of evidential flexibility will apply,
enabling competent authorities to exercise discretion in favour of the applicant
d. A proportionate approach will be taken to those who miss the deadline for
application where there is a good reason. Applications made by families at the
same time will be considered together; and
e. Where an application is required to obtain status, adequate time of at least two
years will be allowed to persons within the scope of the Withdrawal
Agreement to submit their applications. During this time period, they will
enjoy the rights conferred by the Withdrawal Agreement. Residence
documents under the Withdrawal Agreement will be issued free of charge or
for a charge not exceeding that imposed on nationals for the issuing of similar
18. Pending a final decision by the competent authorities on any application made for
status under the Withdrawal Agreement, as well as a final judgment handed down in
case of judicial redress sought against any rejection of such application, the citizens'
rights Part of the Withdrawal Agreement will apply to the applicant. The host State
may remove applicants who submitted fraudulent or abusive applications from the
territory under the conditions set out in Directive 2004/38/EC, in particular Articles 31
and 35, even before a final judgment has been handed down in case of judicial redress
sought against any rejection of such application;
For information: the UK has published a technical note – see
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/citizens-rights-administrative-procedures-in-the-uk - setting out
proposed procedures under its national law, which it will continue to develop over the coming months.
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19. Decisions taken under the procedure for obtaining status under the Withdrawal
Agreement will be made in accordance with the objective criteria established in the
Withdrawal Agreement (i.e. no discretion, unless in favour of the applicant). There
will be safeguards in the Withdrawal Agreement for a fair procedure, and decisions
will be subject to the redress mechanisms and judicial controls provided in Directive
20. The conditions for acquiring the right of residence under the Withdrawal Agreement
are those set out in Articles 6 and 7 of Directive 2004/38/EC, including the right to
21. The conditions for acquiring the right of permanent residence under the Withdrawal
Agreement are those set out in Articles 16, 17 and 18 of Directive 2004/38/EC, with
periods of lawful residence prior to the specified date included in the calculation of the
conditions set out in Articles 16 and 17 of Directive 2004/38/EC;
22. The UK and EU27 Member States can apply more favourable national provisions in
accordance with Article 37 of Directive 2004/38/EC;
23. In order to obtain status under the Withdrawal Agreement by application, those
already holding a permanent residence document issued under Union law3
specified date will have that document converted into the new document free of
charge, subject only to verification of identity, a criminality and security check and
confirmation of ongoing residence;
24. Systematic criminality and security checks can – in the specific context of acquiring
status under the Withdrawal Agreement – be carried out on all applicants for status
under the Agreement and applicants can be asked to declare criminality. Any
consequences arising from such checks and declarations shall be subject to the
procedures in paragraphs 17 to 19;
25. Persons who acquired the permanent residence rights in the host State under the
Withdrawal Agreement can be absent from its territory for a period not exceeding five
consecutive years without losing their residence right under the Withdrawal
26. Any restrictions on grounds of public policy or security related to conduct prior to the
specified date of persons covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be in accordance
with Chapter VI of Directive 2004/38/EC;
27. Any restrictions on grounds of public policy or security related to conduct after the
specified date will be in accordance with national law;
28. Social security coordination rules set out in Regulations (EC) No 883/2004 and (EC)
No 987/2009 will apply. Social security coordination rules will cover Union citizens
who on the specified date are or have been subject to UK legislation and UK nationals
who are or have been subject to the legislation of an EU27 Member State, and EU27
and UK nationals within the scope of the Withdrawal Agreement by virtue of
This includes beneficiaries of the Withdrawal Agreement who hold valid domestic immigration documents
conferring a permanent right to reside in the host state (such as UK Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) status).
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residence. Those rules will also apply, for the purposes of aggregation of periods of
social security insurance, to Union and UK citizens having worked or resided in the
UK or in an EU27 Member State in the past;
29. Rules for healthcare, including the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) scheme,
will follow Regulation (EC) No 883/2004. Persons whose competent state is the UK
and are in the EU27 on the specified date (and vice versa) – whether on a temporary
stay or resident – continue to be eligible for healthcare reimbursement, including
under the EHIC scheme, as long as that stay, residence or treatment continues;
30. For rights and obligations set out in Regulations (EC) No 883/2004 and (EC) No
987/2009 on the coordination of social security systems, a mechanism will be
established to decide jointly on the incorporation of future amendments to those
Regulations in the Withdrawal Agreement;
31. Equal treatment will apply within the limits of Articles 18, 45 and 49 TFEU, Article
24 of Directive 2004/38/EC and Regulation (EU) No 492/2011 including rights of
workers, self-employed, students and economically inactive citizens with respect to
social security, social assistance, health care, employment, self-employment and
setting up and managing an undertaking, education (including higher education) and
training, social and tax advantages;
32. Decisions on recognition of qualifications granted to persons covered by the scope of
the Withdrawal Agreement before the specified date in the host State and, for frontier
workers, the State of work (either the UK or an EU27 Member State) under Title III of
Directive 2005/36/EC (recognition of professional qualifications where the person
concerned was exercising the freedom of establishment), Article 10 of Directive
98/5/EC (lawyers who gained admission to the host State profession and are allowed
to practise under the host State title alongside their home State title) and Article 14 of
Directive 2006/43/EC (approved statutory auditors) will be grandfathered.
Recognition procedures under these Directives that are ongoing on the specified date,
in respect of the persons covered, will be completed under Union law and will be
Legal effects of the citizens' rights Part
33. It is of paramount importance to both Parties to give as much certainty as possible to
UK citizens living in the EU and EU citizens living in the UK about their future rights.
The Parties have therefore reached agreement on the following specific set of
arrangements to implement and enforce the citizens’ rights Part of the agreement.
34. Both Parties agree that the Withdrawal Agreement should provide for the legal effects
of the citizens' rights Part both in the UK and in the Union. UK domestic legislation
should also be enacted to this effect.
35. The provision in the Agreement should enable citizens to rely directly on their rights
as set out in the citizens' rights Part of the Agreement and should specify that
inconsistent or incompatible rules and provisions will be disapplied.
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36. The UK Government will bring forward a Bill, the Withdrawal Agreement &
Implementation Bill, specifically to implement the Agreement. This Bill will make
express reference to the Agreement and will fully incorporate the citizens' rights Part
into UK law. Once this Bill has been adopted, the provisions of the citizens' rights Part
will have effect in primary legislation and will prevail over inconsistent or
incompatible legislation, unless Parliament expressly repeals this Act in future. The
Withdrawal Agreement will be binding upon the institutions of the Union and on its
Member States from its entry into force pursuant to Article 216(2) TFEU.
Consistent interpretation of the citizens' rights Part
37. The Agreement establishes rights for both UK citizens living in the EU and EU
citizens in the UK. To protect those rights and give citizens legal certainty, a
consistent interpretation and application of the citizens' rights Part is in the interest of
both Parties to the Agreement and therefore appropriate mechanisms should be
established to ensure this.
38. This Part of the Agreement establishes rights for citizens following on from those
established in Union law during the UK’s membership of the European Union; the
CJEU is the ultimate arbiter of the interpretation of Union law. In the context of the
application or interpretation of those rights, UK courts shall therefore have due regard
to relevant decisions of the CJEU after the specified date4
. The Agreement should also
establish a mechanism enabling UK courts or tribunals to decide, having had due
regard to whether relevant case-law exists, to ask the CJEU questions of interpretation
of those rights where they consider that a CJEU ruling on the question is necessary for
the UK court or tribunal to be able to give judgment in a case before it. This
mechanism should be available for UK courts or tribunals for litigation brought within
8 years from the date of application of the citizens' rights Part.
39. Consistent interpretation of the citizens' rights Part should further be supported and
facilitated by an exchange of case law between the courts and regular judicial
dialogue. In the same vein, it is envisaged to give the UK Government and the
European Commission the right to intervene in relevant cases before the CJEU and
before UK courts and tribunals respectively.
40. The implementation and application of the citizens' rights Part will be monitored in the
Union by the Commission acting in conformity with the Union Treaties. In the UK,
this role will be fulfilled by an independent national authority; its scope and functions,
including its role in acting on citizens' complaints, will be discussed between the
parties in the next phase of the negotiations and reflected in the Withdrawal
Agreement. There should be regular exchange of information between the UK
Government and the Commission.
41. The approach agreed in the context of the citizens' rights Part of the Withdrawal
Agreement reflects both Parties’ desire to give those citizens certainty. It in no way
prejudges discussions on other elements of the Withdrawal Agreement, including
According to paragraph 9 of this report, the use of Union law concepts in the citizens’ rights Part of the
Withdrawal Agreement is to be interpreted in line with the case law of the CJEU by the specified date.
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governance, other separation issues or any possible transitional arrangements, nor
discussions on the future relationship.
Ireland and Northern Ireland
42. Both Parties affirm that the achievements, benefits and commitments of the peace
process will remain of paramount importance to peace, stability and reconciliation.
They agree that the Good Friday or Belfast Agreement reached on 10 April 1998 by
the United Kingdom Government, the Irish Government and the other participants in
the multi-party negotiations (the '1998 Agreement') must be protected in all its parts,
and that this extends to the practical application of the 1998 Agreement on the island
of Ireland and to the totality of the relationships set out in the Agreement.
43. The United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union presents a significant
and unique challenge in relation to the island of Ireland. The United Kingdom recalls
its commitment to protecting the operation of the 1998 Agreement, including its
subsequent implementation agreements and arrangements, and to the effective
operation of each of the institutions and bodies established under them. The United
Kingdom also recalls its commitment to the avoidance of a hard border, including any
physical infrastructure or related checks and controls.
44. Both Parties recognise the need to respect the provisions of the 1998 Agreement
regarding the constitutional status of Northern Ireland and the principle of consent.
The commitments set out in this joint report are and must remain fully consistent with
these provisions. The United Kingdom continues to respect and support fully Northern
Ireland's position as an integral part of the United Kingdom, consistent with the
principle of consent.
45. The United Kingdom respects Ireland's ongoing membership of the European Union
and all of the corresponding rights and obligations that entails, in particular Ireland's
place in the Internal Market and the Customs Union. The United Kingdom also recalls
its commitment to preserving the integrity of its internal market and Northern Ireland's
place within it, as the United Kingdom leaves the European Union's Internal Market
and Customs Union.
46. The commitments and principles outlined in this joint report will not pre-determine the
outcome of wider discussions on the future relationship between the European Union
and the United Kingdom and are, as necessary, specific to the unique circumstances on
the island of Ireland. They are made and must be upheld in all circumstances,
irrespective of the nature of any future agreement between the European Union and
47. Cooperation between Ireland and Northern Ireland is a central part of the 1998
Agreement and is essential for achieving reconciliation and the normalisation of
relationships on the island of Ireland. In this regard, both Parties recall the roles,
functions and safeguards of the Northern Ireland Executive, the Northern Ireland
Assembly, and the North-South Ministerial Council (including its cross-community
provisions) as set out in the 1998 Agreement. The two Parties have carried out a
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mapping exercise, which shows that North-South cooperation relies to a significant
extent on a common European Union legal and policy framework. Therefore, the
United Kingdom’s departure from the European Union gives rise to substantial
challenges to the maintenance and development of North-South cooperation.
48. The United Kingdom remains committed to protecting and supporting continued
North-South and East-West cooperation across the full range of political, economic,
security, societal and agricultural contexts and frameworks of cooperation, including
the continued operation of the North-South implementation bodies.
49. The United Kingdom remains committed to protecting North-South cooperation and to
its guarantee of avoiding a hard border. Any future arrangements must be compatible
with these overarching requirements. The United Kingdom's intention is to achieve
these objectives through the overall EU-UK relationship. Should this not be possible,
the United Kingdom will propose specific solutions to address the unique
circumstances of the island of Ireland. In the absence of agreed solutions, the United
Kingdom will maintain full alignment with those rules of the Internal Market and the
Customs Union which, now or in the future, support North-South cooperation, the all-
island economy and the protection of the 1998 Agreement.
50. In the absence of agreed solutions, as set out in the previous paragraph, the United
Kingdom will ensure that no new regulatory barriers develop between Northern
Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom, unless, consistent with the 1998
Agreement, the Northern Ireland Executive and Assembly agree that distinct
arrangements are appropriate for Northern Ireland. In all circumstances, the United
Kingdom will continue to ensure the same unfettered access for Northern Ireland's
businesses to the whole of the United Kingdom internal market.
51. Both Parties will establish mechanisms to ensure the implementation and oversight of
any specific arrangement to safeguard the integrity of the EU Internal Market and the
52. Both Parties acknowledge that the 1998 Agreement recognises the birth right of all the
people of Northern Ireland to choose to be Irish or British or both and be accepted as
such. The people of Northern Ireland who are Irish citizens will continue to enjoy
rights as EU citizens, including where they reside in Northern Ireland. Both Parties
therefore agree that the Withdrawal Agreement should respect and be without
prejudice to the rights, opportunities and identity that come with European Union
citizenship for such people and, in the next phase of negotiations, will examine
arrangements required to give effect to the ongoing exercise of, and access to, their
EU rights, opportunities and benefits.
53. The 1998 Agreement also includes important provisions on Rights, Safeguards and
Equality of Opportunity for which EU law and practice has provided a supporting
framework in Northern Ireland and across the island of Ireland. The United Kingdom
commits to ensuring that no diminution of rights is caused by its departure from the
European Union, including in the area of protection against forms of discrimination
enshrined in EU law. The United Kingdom commits to facilitating the related work of
the institutions and bodies, established by the 1998 Agreement, in upholding human
rights and equality standards.
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54. Both Parties recognise that the United Kingdom and Ireland may continue to make
arrangements between themselves relating to the movement of persons between their
territories (Common Travel Area), while fully respecting the rights of natural persons
conferred by Union law. The United Kingdom confirms and accepts that the Common
Travel Area and associated rights and privileges can continue to operate without
affecting Ireland’s obligations under Union law, in particular with respect to free
movement for EU citizens.
55. Both Parties will honour their commitments to the PEACE and INTERREG funding
programmes under the current multi-annual financial framework. Possibilities for
future support will be examined favourably.
56. Given the specific nature of issues related to Ireland and Northern Ireland, and on the
basis of the principles and commitments set out above, both Parties agree that in the
next phase work will continue in a distinct strand of the negotiations on the detailed
arrangements required to give them effect. Such work will also address issues arising
from Ireland’s unique geographic situation, including the transit of goods (to and from
Ireland via the United Kingdom), in line with the approach established by the
European Council Guidelines of 29 April 2017.
57. Both Parties have agreed a methodology for the financial settlement.
58. This methodology consists of:
a. a list of components;
b. a set of principles for calculating the value of the financial settlement and
c. arrangements for continued participation of the UK in the programmes of the
current Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) until their closure; and
d. financial and related arrangements for the European Investment Bank, the
European Central Bank, European Union trust funds, the Facility for Refugees
in Turkey, Council agencies and also the European Development Fund.
Components of the settlement
UK participation in Union annual budgets to 2020
59. The UK will contribute to, and participate in, the implementation of the Union annual
budgets for the years 2019 and 2020 as if it had remained in the Union (including
), on the basis of the applicable Union legal provisions including
the Own Resources legislation. By derogation, any amendments to the Multiannual
Financial Framework Regulation or Own Resources Decision adopted after the date of
withdrawal, having an impact on the UK’s financial obligations, will not apply to the
This will include the UK’s share of net financial corrections and fines imposed until 31 December 2020, once
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60. The normal process of annual revenue adjustment in respect of the year 2020 will be
completed in accordance with the Own Resources Decision and the other relevant
Union provisions. Amounts to be returned to, or returned by, the UK will be calculated
as if the UK had remained in the Union. The UK will also participate in the surplus
exercise with respect to 2020. In the second phase of negotiations, some simplification
of the revenue adjustment procedure including time limitation could be agreed
between the UK and the Union.
Outstanding commitments at the end of 2020 – Reste à liquider (RAL)
61. The UK will contribute its share of the financing of the budgetary commitments
outstanding at 31 December 2020 (RAL).
Liabilities, contingent liabilities and corresponding assets
62. The UK will contribute its share of the financing of the Union's liabilities incurred
before 31 December 2020 except for liabilities with corresponding assets6
assets and liabilities which are related to the operation of the budget and the Own
63. The UK will remain liable for its share of the Union’s contingent liabilities as
established at the date of withdrawal. For those related to guarantees given by the
Union budget to support financial operations (e.g. back-to-back loans for financial
assistance, financial operations managed by the EIB such as EFSI or the external
lending mandate, financial operations managed by other financial institutions, Union
budgetary financial instruments), the UK liability will be limited to decisions on each
financial operation adopted prior to the date of withdrawal. By derogation, for
contingent liabilities related to legal cases as a result of participation in the budget,
programmes and policies, the cut-off date will be 31 December 20208
. In the event of
triggering of the Union contingent liabilities for which the UK is liable, the UK will
receive its share of any subsequent recoveries.
64. As the provisioning needs for the financial operations associated with these contingent
liabilities decline, the UK share of the paid-in guarantees constituted from the budget
until the end of 2020 will be returned to the UK, provided that it has not been used for
covering losses on the underlying financial operations, as well as any gains from these
financial operations to be returned to all Member States, even if such funds would be
65. Similarly, as the financial operations supported by the net asset of the European Coal
and Steel Community in liquidation and of the European Investment Fund decided
before the withdrawal date, mature, the UK will receive its share.
In this context, the following will not be included in the financial settlement: Union financial assistance loan
assets and the associated balance sheet liabilities, and assets corresponding to property, plant and equipment and
provisions related to the Joint Research Centre nuclear sites dismantlement, and all lease-related obligations and
all provisions other than in respect of fines, legal cases and financial guarantee liabilities, intangible assets and
inventories, any assets and liabilities relating to the management of foreign currency risk, accrued and deferred
Outstanding pre-financing advances, receivables, cash, payables, and accrued charges including those related to
EAGF or already included in the budgetary RAL will not be included for the calculation of liabilities.
The triggering event will be decided in the second phase.
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66. Union assets relating to Union space programmes (EGNOS, Galileo & Copernicus)
are not part of the financial settlement. The UK’s past contribution to the financing of
space assets could be discussed in the context of possible future access to the services
Principles for calculating the value of the financial settlement
67. The implementation of the agreed methodology and the schedule of payments will be
based on the following principles:
a. The UK will not finance any commitments that do not require funding from
Member States, and will receive a share of any financial benefits that would
have fallen to it had it remained a Member State. In particular, the value of the
RAL, as audited by the European Court of Auditors, will be adjusted to take
into account the actual implementation of the Union’s commitments, taking
into account decommitments and assigned revenue. The UK opt-outs leading
to non-participation in Union programmes existing at the date of withdrawal
will continue to apply in respect of the financial settlement.
b. Except for the UK payments relating to UK participation to Union annual
budgets to 2020 as set out in paragraphs 59 and 60, the UK share in relation
with the Union budget will be a percentage calculated as the ratio between the
own resources made available by the UK from the year 2014 to 2020 and the
own resources made available by all Member States, including the UK, during
the same period.
c. Payments arising from the financial settlement will become due as if the UK
had remained a Member State. In particular, the UK will not be required to
incur expenditures earlier than would be the case had it remained a Member
State unless agreed by both sides.9
It may be appropriate for the UK and the
Union to agree on a simplified procedure for settling some elements of the
payment schedule in the second phase of negotiations. Such a procedure
should be based on an agreed forecast and, where appropriate, provision for
subsequent review and correction.
68. The financial settlement will be drawn up and paid in euro.
69. Data for the calculation of UK obligations will be drawn up from publicly available
sources where possible, and audited by the European Court of Auditors. Additional
information necessary for the calculation of the UK’s share of Union obligations will
be transmitted to the UK. The Union will provide the UK with the management and
accounting information necessary to verify the components of the financial settlement
in a timely manner.
70. The second phase of the negotiations will address the practical modalities for
implementing the agreed methodology and the schedule of payments.
The UK’s share of the liability related to pension and other post-employment benefits for Union staff and staff
from the European Defence Agency, the European Union Institute for Security Studies and the European Union
Satellite Centre as established on 31 December 2020 will be paid when these amounts fall due, unless an earlier
schedule is agreed. The accounts record this liability in accordance with standard international accounting
practice. This liability has a long time-span and the forecast of its net present value (NPV) depends on a number
of assumptions and is sensitive to, in particular, the real discount rate, which has a historically low value at the
time of drafting of this Joint Report.
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UK participation in programmes of the MFF 2014-2020
71. Following withdrawal from the Union, the UK will continue to participate in the
Union programmes financed by the MFF 2014-202010
until their closure (excluding
participation in financial operations which give rise to a contingent liability for which
the UK is not liable as from the date of withdrawal). Entities located in the UK will be
entitled to participate in such programmes. Participation in Union programmes will
require the UK and UK beneficiaries to respect all relevant Union legal provisions
including co-financing. Accordingly, the eligibility to apply to participate in Union
programmes and Union funding for UK participants and projects will be unaffected by
the UK’s withdrawal from the Union for the entire lifetime of such projects.
72. In the second phase of negotiations it could be agreed that some rules related to Union
programmes that would be considered as not relevant in relation to a departing
Member State would not apply. As part of the second phase of negotiations, the Union
and the UK could also decide to agree to simplified procedures so as to avoid
unnecessary administrative burdens extending well beyond the end of the current
multiannual financial framework, provided that they respect the sound financial
management of the Union budget and do not result in discrimination in favour of the
UK or UK beneficiaries. The UK and the Union could also agree on administrative
procedures to facilitate the management of specific programmes.
73. The UK states that it may wish to participate in some Union budgetary programmes of
the new MFF post-2020 as a non-Member State.
Other components of the settlement – Union bodies and funds related to Union policies
European Investment Bank (EIB)
74. The financial settlement should not disrupt the operational functioning of the EIB as a
result of the UK withdrawal in relation to the stock of operations (i.e. loans and other
financial instruments) at that point.
75. In this context, the UK will provide a guarantee for an amount equal to its callable
capital on the day of withdrawal. This guarantee will be decreased in line with the
amortisation of the stock of EIB operations at the date of withdrawal, starting on the
date on which the outstanding stock reaches an amount equal to the total subscribed
capital on the date of withdrawal and ending on the date it equals the total paid-in
capital on the date of withdrawal, both as defined in the EIB statute.
76. The UK share of the paid-in capital will be reimbursed in twelve annual instalments
starting at the end of 201911
. The UK remains liable for the reimbursed amount of
paid-in capital until the outstanding stock of EIB operations equals the total paid-in
capital on the date of withdrawal, at which point the liability will start to be amortised
in line with the remaining non-amortised operations.
European Agricultural Guarantee Fund scheme 2020 is not financed by the MFF 2014-2020.
The first eleven instalments will be EUR 300 000 000 each and the final one will be EUR 195 903 950.
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77. Apart from these reimbursements, the EIB will not make any other payment, return or
remuneration on account of the withdrawal of the UK from the EIB or on account of
the provision by the UK of a guarantee.
78. Any call to the callable guarantee or the paid-in (cash or guarantee) will be “pari-
passu” with calls on or payments made by the Member States provided that it is used
for covering operations at the withdrawal date or for covering risks (such as ALM
(Asset-Liability management) risks or operational risks) attributable to the stock of
operations at the date of withdrawal. For other such risks not associated with specific
loans and not attributable to the stock of operations built after the date of withdrawal,
the UK responsibility will be proportional to the ratio between the stock of outstanding
operations and the total amount of operations at the date of the event.
79. The UK will maintain the EIB's privileges and immunities under Protocols 5 and 7
annexed to the Treaties throughout the amortisation of the EIB's stock of operations at
the date of withdrawal.
80. The UK considers that there could be mutual benefit from a continuing arrangement
between the UK and the EIB. The UK wishes to explore these possible arrangements
in the second phase of the negotiations.
81. After the date of withdrawal, UK projects will not be eligible for new operations from
the EIB reserved for Member States, including those under Union mandates.
European Central Bank (ECB)
82. The paid-in capital of the UK in the ECB will be reimbursed to the Bank of England
(BoE) after the date of withdrawal. Modalities and other practical arrangements will
be established by the ECB Governing Council following the rules of the Treaties and
its Protocol 4.
Facility for Refugees in Turkey, European Union trust funds
83. The UK will honour the commitments it made before withdrawal for participating in
the Facility for Refugees in Turkey and the European Union Emergency Trust Fund
for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in
Africa. The existing modalities of payments will be maintained unless otherwise
agreed in the second phase.
European Development Fund (EDF)
84. The UK will remain party to the European Development Fund (EDF) which is
governed by a separate international agreement and is outside the Union budget until
the closure of the 11th
EDF. The UK will honour its share of the total commitments
made under this EDF and the payments related to its share of the outstanding
commitments made under previous EDFs. The existing modalities of payments will be
maintained unless otherwise agreed in the second phase.
85. The UK share of the Investment Facility of the EDF from successive EDF periods will
be returned to the UK as the investment matures. Unless agreed otherwise, the UK’s
capital share will not be recommitted beyond the end of the 11th
period or rolled over into subsequent periods. Reflecting the ongoing commitment in
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relation to the EDF, the UK and the Union will agree on governance arrangements in
the second phase, that take into account the continued participation of the UK in the
EDF, that the EDF falls under a separate international agreement and the UK’s
withdrawal from the Union.
86. The Commission welcomes the UK Government's offer to discuss with Union
Agencies located in London how they might facilitate their relocation, in particular as
regards reducing the withdrawal costs.
Other separation issues
87. In the negotiations to date, both Parties have engaged in thorough discussion of the
other separation issues in scope in this phase. These discussions have enabled good
progress in identifying areas of convergence and divergence. The below text records
the progress made in achieving agreement on a number of issues. There remain areas
where further discussions will be required to reach agreement during the next phase of
88. The UK and the Commission have both proposed further issues for consideration in
this phase. However, where there was not mutual agreement that an issue should be
discussed in this phase of the negotiations, it has been agreed to return to it later.
89. On Euratom-related (nuclear specific) issues both Parties have agreed principles for
addressing the key separation issues relating to the UK’s withdrawal from Euratom.
This includes agreement that the UK will be responsible for international nuclear
safeguards in the UK and is committed to a future regime that provides coverage and
effectiveness equivalent to existing Euratom arrangements. Both sides have also
agreed the principles of ownership for special fissile material (save for material held in
the UK by EU27 entities) and responsibility for spent fuel and radioactive waste.
90. On ensuring continuity in the availability of goods placed on the market under
Union law before withdrawal both Parties recognise the need to provide legal
certainty and minimise disruption to business and consumers. Both Parties have
agreed the principles that the goods placed on the market under Union law before
withdrawal may freely circulate on the markets of the UK and the Union with no need
for product modifications or re-labelling; be put into service where provided in Union
law, and that the goods concerned should be subject to continued oversight.
91. On cooperation in civil and commercial matters there is a need to provide legal
certainty and clarity. There is general consensus between both Parties that Union rules
on conflict of laws should continue to apply to contracts before the withdrawal date
and non-contractual obligations where an event causing damage occurred before the
withdrawal date. There was also agreement to provide legal certainty as to the
circumstances under which Union law on jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of
judgements will continue to apply, and that judicial cooperation procedures should be
92. On police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters there is a need to provide
legal certainty and clarity. Both Parties broadly agree on the principle that all
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structured and formalised cooperation procedures ongoing on withdrawal date that
have passed a certain threshold (to be defined) should be completed under Union law.
93. On ongoing Union judicial procedures, both Parties have agreed that the CJEU
should remain competent for UK judicial procedures registered at the CJEU on the
date of withdrawal, and that those procedures should continue through to a binding
94. On ongoing Union administrative proceedings both Parties have deepened their
understanding of the respective positions, and explored some areas, such as
competition, state aid and examinations of the Community Plant Variety Office.
95. On issues relating to the functioning of the Union institutions, agencies and
bodies, both Parties agree that an arrangement which closely mirrors Union privileges
and immunities should remain applicable to activities that took place before
withdrawal and as regards new activities foreseen in the Withdrawal Agreement; that
both sides continue to ensure compliance with obligations of professional secrecy; and
that classified information and other documents obtained by both sides whilst the UK
was a Member State retain the same level of protection as before withdrawal.
96. This report is put forward with a view to the meeting of the European Council (Article
50) of 14 and 15 December 2017. It is also agreed by the UK on the condition of an
overall agreement under Article 50 on the UK's withdrawal, taking into account the
framework for the future relationship, including an agreement as early as possible in
2018 on transitional arrangements.