C 2

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C 2

  1. 1. CLASS 2 Introduction to Computers
  2. 2. Let’s review <ul><li>What do the following chat acronyms mean? </li></ul><ul><li>CUL8R AFAIK b4 AFK BCNU BRB BTW </li></ul><ul><li>What’s a GUI? </li></ul><ul><li>Good Understanding Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics Used Inside </li></ul><ul><li>Graphical User Interface </li></ul><ul><li>Goodies Under Ice </li></ul>
  3. 3. Let’s review <ul><li>What are these? Work together. </li></ul>a. b. c.
  4. 4. Let’s review <ul><li>What are these? Work together. </li></ul>scrollbar window(s) menu
  5. 5. Let’s review <ul><li>What are these? Work together. </li></ul>a. b. c.
  6. 6. Let’s review <ul><li>What are these? Work together. </li></ul>Start button taskbar system tray
  7. 7. Let’s review <ul><li>What are these? Work together. </li></ul>a b c
  8. 8. Let’s review <ul><li>What are these? Work together. </li></ul>desktop submenu icons
  9. 9. Meme review <ul><li>What are the 4 phases of a meme? </li></ul><ul><li>a) Introduction, Overexposure, Parody, Equilibrium </li></ul><ul><li>b) Introduce, Overtime, Parrot, Equal </li></ul><ul><li>c) Internet, Overseas, Potty, Equator </li></ul><ul><li>d) Intern, Overnight, Plenty, Equity </li></ul>
  10. 10. Meme review <ul><li>Match the terms with what you’d likely hear during a particular phase of a meme. </li></ul><ul><li>a. Introduction ___ OMG! Have seen this cute/funny thing online? </li></ul><ul><li>b. Overexposure ___ That’s pretty good, but look at this new version! </li></ul><ul><li>c. Parody ___ Oh, I remember that. It was popular - last year. </li></ul><ul><li>d. Equilibrium ___ Yeah, everyone’s been talking about that one. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Meme review <ul><li>Match the terms with what you’d likely hear during a particular phase of a meme. </li></ul><ul><li>a. Introduction _a_ OMG! Have seen this cute/funny thing online? </li></ul><ul><li>b. Overexposure _c_ That’s pretty good, but look at this new version! </li></ul><ul><li>c. Parody _d_ Oh, I remember that. It was popular - last year. </li></ul><ul><li>d. Equilibrium _b_ Yeah, everyone’s been talking about that one. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Chat acronyms <ul><li>Chat acronyms </li></ul><ul><li>411 - </li></ul><ul><li>BFF - </li></ul><ul><li>DL - </li></ul><ul><li>FYI - </li></ul><ul><li>GTG - </li></ul><ul><li>HTH - </li></ul><ul><li>IDK - </li></ul><ul><li>JK - </li></ul>
  13. 13. Chat acronyms <ul><li>Chat acronyms </li></ul><ul><li>411 - Information (I’ll give you the 411 on that boy…) </li></ul><ul><li>BFF - Best Friends Forever (We’re BFFs!) </li></ul><ul><li>DL - DownLoad (I DL’d the latest 白冰冰 video yesterday) </li></ul><ul><li>FYI - For Your Information (FYI, I’m from Puli!) </li></ul><ul><li>GTG - Got To Go (Class is over - GTG!) </li></ul><ul><li>HTH - Hope That Helps (I’ll call the teacher for you, HTH) </li></ul><ul><li>IDK - I Don’t Know (What’s a meme? IDK) </li></ul><ul><li>JK - Just Kidding ( I love you… JK! JK! JK!) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Graphic User Interfaces <ul><li>Graphic User Interfaces (GUIs) help users interact with their computers. </li></ul><ul><li>If you use a mouse to click on something, it’s probably a GUI </li></ul><ul><li>Take a look at the following GUI items: </li></ul>
  15. 15. URL Breakdown - as seen on commonjoedesigns.com <ul><li>URL means Uniform Resource Locator. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be thought of as the &quot;address&quot; of any part of a website. </li></ul><ul><li>It is comprised of many parts, so let’s break it down: </li></ul>docs.
  16. 16. Break it Down <ul><li>Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Subdomain </li></ul><ul><li>Domain name </li></ul><ul><li>Top level domain </li></ul><ul><li>Folder </li></ul><ul><li>File Name </li></ul><ul><li>File Extension </li></ul><ul><li>http://clients.jadekite.com/shaunreimers/EasyTech/_lessons.htm </li></ul>
  17. 17. Break it Down <ul><li>PROTOCOL </li></ul><ul><li>The protocol enables the browser and server to communicate with each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Common protocols include: </li></ul><ul><li>http: - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol - common websites </li></ul><ul><li>https: - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol - secured websites </li></ul><ul><li>ftp: - File Transfer Protocol - used for servers who handle file uploads and downloads </li></ul><ul><li>mailto: - mailservers </li></ul>
  18. 18. Break it Down <ul><li>SUBDOMAIN </li></ul><ul><li>translate.google.com </li></ul><ul><li>is a URL with subdomain “translate”. </li></ul><ul><li>Here the: </li></ul><ul><li>“ .com” is the first level domain - the top level domain “google” is the second level domain - the domain “translate” is the third level domain - the subdomain </li></ul><ul><li>What is the purpose of subdomains? </li></ul><ul><li>Subdomains help divide a site into different specialties, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>docs.google.com - Google documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mail.google.com - Gmail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>news.google.com - Google news </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Break it Down <ul><li>DOMAIN NAME </li></ul><ul><li>You would probably agree that every house in the world has a different address. The same is true for computers. This is done by something called an Internet Protocol (IP) which is a series of numbers and dots. For this website the server it is on has an IP address of 69.89.31.70 </li></ul><ul><li>You can find the IP address of your computer by typing “IP” into Google. </li></ul><ul><li>These numbers are difficult to remember however so something was created called domain names. These are words that make sense to the reader and are linked to the IP address. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Break it Down <ul><li>TOP LEVEL DOMAIN </li></ul><ul><li>The top level domain (TLD) is a way of identifying the purpose of a website. Here are several examples of generic top level domains. The public cannot use certain domains such as '.edu' or '.mil'. </li></ul><ul><li>Here are some of the earliest top level domains </li></ul><ul><li>.com - generic or commercially oriented sites </li></ul><ul><li>.edu - educational institution websites </li></ul><ul><li>.net - generic or network oriented sites </li></ul><ul><li>.org - noncommercial (non-profit) organizations </li></ul><ul><li>.mil - military (army, navy, etc. websites) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Break it Down <ul><li>FOLDER </li></ul><ul><li>The slash &quot;/&quot; after the top level domain can be thought of as a separator. It separates the Internet and the actual computer the file or web page is located on. </li></ul><ul><li>Common folders would be 'images', and 'documents'. This is like someone finding your house and then knowing what room to look in for something. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Break it Down <ul><li>FILENAME </li></ul><ul><li>This one is easy! This is the actual name of the file you are viewing. There will always be a file, so there will always be a filename. </li></ul><ul><li>FILE EXTENSION </li></ul><ul><li>This has the exact same meaning as the file extensions on your computer. The extension helps the browser decide how to handle the file. </li></ul><ul><li>Some common file extensions: </li></ul><ul><li>.jpg .txt .doc .ppt .xls .mp3 .exe .torrent </li></ul><ul><li>If you ever want to check a certain file extension, you can type it directly into Google. Google is your friend. </li></ul>
  23. 23. How to Google Here’s a typical web search results page. What do the numbers below mean?
  24. 24. 1. The title : The first line of any search result is the title of the webpage. 2. The snippet : A description of or an excerpt from the webpage. 3. The URL : The webpage's address. 4. Cached link : A link to an earlier version of this page. Click here if the page you wanted isn't available.
  25. 25. Better Searches Make Better Results Here are some modifiers to make Google searching easier… “ ” - ~ OR .. Exact Phrase Exclude Words Synonyms Multiple Words Numeric Range
  26. 26. “ ” Exact Phrase What it Does: Searches for an exact phrase What to Type: “One small step for man” What You’ll Get: Results that include the exact phrase, “One small step for man”. Note: Google doesn’t care about UPPERCASE or lowercase letters, or punctuation.
  27. 27. - Exclude Words What it Does: Removes results with words you don’t want What to Type: ice -cream What You’ll Get: Results about ice, without results about ice cream.
  28. 28. ~ Synonyms What it Does: Searches for a word and all other words that might mean the same. What to Type: ~ mobile phone What You’ll Get: Results with the word “phone”, such as “cell”, “cellular”, “wireless”, etc.
  29. 29. OR Multiple Words What it Does: Searches for results that might include either search term. What to Type: vacation Taipei OR Kaohsiung What You’ll Get: Results with the word “vacation Taipei” or “vacation Kaohsiung”
  30. 30. .. Numeric Range What it Does: Searches for a range of numbers What to Type: iPad2 $250..$400 What You’ll Get: Results for the iPad2 with prices between $250 and $400.
  31. 31. You Try. “ ” - ~ OR .. <ul><li>On your own, try to: </li></ul><ul><li>Create a search using only two words to search for food facts and nutrition and cooking information. </li></ul><ul><li>Search for an English course in either Harvard or Yale. </li></ul><ul><li>Search for information on the best-known phrase from Shakespeare’s “Hamlet”. </li></ul><ul><li>Search for information on the animal “lion”. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to find a Harry Potter book from $5 to $10 </li></ul>
  32. 32. You Try. “ ” - ~ OR .. <ul><li>On your own, try to: </li></ul><ul><li>two words for food facts and nutrition and cooking: ~food ~facts </li></ul><ul><li>English course Harvard / Yale. English Harvard OR Yale </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hamlet” best-known phrase: “to be or not to be” </li></ul><ul><li>animal “lion”: lion -football -os </li></ul><ul><li>Try to find a Harry Potter book from $5 to $10: </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Potter book $5..$10 </li></ul>
  33. 33. Meme of the Day <ul><li>LOLSPEAK </li></ul><ul><li>LOLCATS </li></ul><ul><li>IMAGE MACROS </li></ul><ul><li>speaklolcat.com </li></ul>
  34. 34. Review <ul><li>What are the 4 phases of a meme? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you type into Google for the following: </li></ul><ul><li>What is LOLspeak? ASCII Artwork? An Image Macro? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the following parts of a Google search return page? </li></ul><ul><li>a. snippet b. title c. cached </li></ul><ul><li>What are the following chat acronyms? </li></ul>411 BFF DL FYI GTG HTH IDK JK Exact Phrase Exclude Words Synonyms Multiple Words Numeric Range

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