War Crimes In Congo


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War Crimes In Congo

  1. 1. W ar C rimes in C ongo
  2. 2. Rights that this war violates: <ul><li>Article 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Article 4 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Article 5 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Effects of war in Congo: <ul><li>Displacement of nearly 250,000 people </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Are in great need of food, shelter, and medical care </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. War Lords: <ul><li>Germain Katanga & Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui : </li></ul><ul><li>They are accused of organizing and leading an attack in Congo where more than 200 villagers were killed. </li></ul><ul><li>Prosecutors from the International Criminal Court (ICC) in Hague have charged these two Congolese militia leaders with severe war crimes. </li></ul>Germain Katanga Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui
  5. 5. How this violates human rights: <ul><li>Women’s rights : </li></ul><ul><li>Raping and murder </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On January 27 th , in southern Masisi territory, FDLR combatants killed and raped a woman, shortly followed by her 9-year-old daughter. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At Kibua, seven people, including a pregnant woman, were killed by FDLR combatants. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A 10-year-old girl was beaten to death against a brick wall. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ The Tutsi [Rwandan] soldiers accused me of being the wife of an FDLR combatant, just because I'm Hutu,&quot; said one woman who was raped by a Rwandan army soldier in Remeka. &quot;After they raped me, they burned my house, saying it was the house of an FDLR. I was pregnant, but there's no more movement in my womb. I think I have lost my first child.&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 8. War Crimes: <ul><li>Murder </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Rape </li></ul><ul><li>Recruiting children soldiers </li></ul>
  7. 9. Witnesses: <ul><li>&quot;There were six soldiers who came into my house. They first raped my three-year-old sister, and then two of them raped me while the others looted our house. They threw my newborn baby onto the ground, and because of the shock he is in a lot of pain whenever anyone touches his legs. The soldiers were wearing military uniforms and they spoke Kinyarwanda. There were Hutus and Tutsis and other tribes as well. After they raped me, they took my mother away with them. She hasn't come back yet, and I think she must be dead. Five other houses in Kihonga were visited the same night by the soldiers.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>15-year-old girl from Kihonga who was previously raped by FARDC soldiers who got her pregnant and then raped again a few months after delivering her baby </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>&quot;As we fled toward the government-controlled area, we were stopped by FARDC soldiers who looted all our money and goods, and they beat us badly, saying, ‘You came from where the enemies are, and you must be their collaborator.' Now that we've made it to Kirumba, we're constantly subject to ‘Opération Fenêtre' with our host families here: The soldiers come to the houses at night, stick the rifle of their guns through the window, and force us to hand over all the money, food, and objects in the house.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A man from Oninga who fled to Kirumba </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;When I went home to look for food, I was stopped by FARDC soldiers, who forced me to transport their baggage all the way to Kalonge, where they were going for operations against the FDLR. When we got there, they made me give them my clothes and shoes. I was then left almost naked, as they whipped me, calling me an Interhamwe.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A displaced man from Katoyi </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>