Lesson Plan in English 3 Allusion Objectives: At the end of the lesson, at least 75% of the students are able to:a. discuss and explain what allusion isb. express orally the importance of being a well-read personand having prior knowledge of what is being alluded to by thewriterc. write sentences or short paragraph that contain allusions.Subject MatterTopic: AllusionReferences: English Across Continents 3 by Loida ManaloDumaguin http://www.statergroup/allusions.com http://codex.wordpress/allusions.pdfMaterials: DLP, power point presentation, tarpaulin, couponband, chalk, chalkboard, laptop, filthy pen, fact sheets.
III. Procedure Student’s ActivityTeacher’s Activity In cooperation with the classA. Daily Routine beadle, the students will settle on Prayer their proper places and prepare Checking of Attendance themselves for the class. Arrangement of chairs, etc.B. ReviewClass, what was your topic last meeting? The students will share to the classThe teacher will ask the students on what what they have learned the previousthey have learned the previous day. meeting.Follow up questions will be raised. Theteacher should make sure that they haveunderstood well the topic before movingon the next one.C. MotivationThe teacher will show pictures to thestudents. ( to be projected using the DLP)(These pictures shows the famouscharacters that allude to popular moviesand work of art) The picture reminds us of the movieClass, what do these pictures remind you HARRY POTTER and STAR WARS.of?
Teacher’s Activity Student’s ActivityHow about the characters in thepicture? The characters as from the Simpsons and Family Guy.The teacher will ask questions Some of the students will share toabout the popular movies that they class their ideas about the popularmentioned and about the famous movies and the characters that theycharacters that they have depicted have seen in the picture.in the pictures.D. Presentation of the Lesson Now, as what you have observedfrom the pictures that you haveseen, these animated characters(like The Simpsons and FamilyGuy) allude/ refer indirectly topopular movies and famous worksof art.What do you mean by the word Some students will share to the class“allude”? their ideas about the word allude.
Teacher’s ActivityYou were able to decipher that thosepictures allude to the movies HARRYPOTTER and STAR WARS simply becauseyou have seen those movies. So that’s howallusion works. Today, we are going to learnabout allusion as a library device in writingthe types of allusion and other importantnotes about allusion.E. Lesson ProperThe teacher will discuss the following:Allusion is a figure of speech that makes areference to, or representation ofpeople, places, events, literary work, mythsor work of art, either directly or byimplication.The word is from late Latin “allusio” meaning“a play on words” and is a derivative of thelatin word “alludere” meaning “to playaround” or “to refer to mockingly”.
Teacher’s ActivityWhen using an allusion, the authorassumes that the reader is familiar withthe item being alluded to, or mentioned.Most allusions are based on theassumption that there is a body ofknowledge that is shared by the authorand the reader.Allusion allows an author to make apowerful point without actually explainingit.When does allusion become effective?If the reader is not familiar with the itembeing alluded to.In order to understand allusions, one musthave a good grasp on “well-known” worksof literature, art, music, pop culture, etc.Types of AllusionBiblical: referring to the bible or areligious work.Classical: referring to classical literatureLiterary: referring to another literary workHistorical: referring to an event in history.
Teacher’s ActivityHere are examples of a biblical allusion: A“She was almost ready to go, standing before the hall mirror, putting on her hat, and his hands behind him, appeared pinned to the door frame, waiting like St. Sebastian for the arrows to begin piercing him” -Flanerry O`Connor, “Everything That Rises Must Converge” O`Connor compares her character with the religious figure Saint Sebastian in order to call to mind the ideas of martyrdom associated with the saints’ story. B.“He was a remarkable Prime Minister with feet of Clay.” The reference here is to Daniel 2:31-45, using the words “feet of clay”, which suggests that the Prime Minister has roots with common people, with weaknesses just like all others. C“Like the prodigal son, he returned to his home and was welcomed by all who knew him.
Romeo and Juliet has become a popular allusion to modern romantic stories whereA tragic love story is constantly alluded to bring Romeo and Juliet. Whatpopular movieYou have seen that have tragic love story? Lion King is alluded from Shakespeare’s Hamlet. The classic fantasy, Cinderella has captured the hearts of students from a long time that the theme has been alluded to in many notable works, namely ballets, operas and movies.F. Engagement Activitieso Drill 1 (Writing Sentences) You should now have a great understanding of how allusionworks. Below you will find some characters and descriptions which mightbe referred to when writing something. Write only one sentence that contains an allusion to one of thecharacters below.• Hamlet was a character from Shakespeare who had a difficulty making a decision. • Fallstaff was another of Shakespeare’s characters who was a large jovial man with a • The Three Stooges were a comedy term of not-too-bright biffeons. • Benedict Arnold was an American Traitor.
• The cowardly lion from the Wizard of Oz was a coward.• Judas betrayed Jesus.• Mother Teresa was a nun who selflessly devoted her life to caring for the poor and sick.• Don Quixote was a fictional hero, a dreamer who alwaysThis drill is good for five minutes only. Start writing your sentences.Afterwards, the teacherwill call some names to write their sentences on the board.o Drill B (GAME)Description: Some are considered ideal and effective teaching strategy touse with large classesAnd enhances learning skills.Mechanics: The class will be divided into seven (7) groups. Each group withalmost eight (8)Members. They will be asked to identify the meaning of theperson, event, historical or literaryfigure being alluded to the following sentences/phrases or statements:1. “to work one’s hand of it”2. “ to be as old as Methiscalem”3. My brother tricked me and ran like a road runner.4. I’m afraid of spiders, but no cowardly lion.
5. He ran down the alley as the many shadows stalked him. Forced to turn acorner, he found himself faced with more horrors. No amount of Taldaff wit could save him now.6. Her beauty depicts Athena’s ways.7. That guy was once her “ Achilles Heels”The students are given 20 seconds to write their answers for each item. Once they hearthe bell,that’s the time they’re going to raise their papers and present/explain their answers to theclass.The group with the highest score will win the game. This activity is good for ten minutesonly.G. Values IntegrationStrategy: Think/Plan/ShareDescription: Think/Plan/Share is the most common cooperative learning and is one of theeasiestto implement. a.) The teacher will announce a discussion topic What is he importance of being a well-read person and having priorknowledge of what is being alluded to y the author. b.) The teacher will provide think time. c.) After which, the teacher will ask to pair with an assigned partner to discussabout the topic.
d.) The teacher will then call students to share their ideaswith the class.H. Generalization Class, what have you learned from our discussion?The students will share with the class the things that they havelearned from the discussion.The teacher will “wrap-up”/summarize the things that has discussed.I. EvaluationDirection: Write sentences or short paragraph that contains allusions.Write it on a ½ sheet of paper.IV. Agreement Assignment Tonight, watch television, read a poem or listen tomusic. Write down any allusions you find and tell what do the allusions refer to.