Syphilis (Disease)


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Hoping you could learn a lot from this small amount of information about the disease called SYPHILIS. God bless you! :)))))

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  • Centers for disease control and prevention.
  • This patient presented with secondary syphilitic lesions of the lips. Note the split papules at the angles of the mouth.Second-stage symptoms can include fever, swollen lymph glands, sore throat, patchy hair loss, headaches, weight loss, muscle aches, and tiredness. A person can easily pass the disease to sex partners during the primary or secondary stage of the disease.
  • Syphilis (Disease)

    1. 1. Reporters: NERI, Jen Leorez D. PARRILLA, Jane
    2. 2. What is ? • Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a bacterium, spirochete Treponema pallidum. • Syphilis can cause long-term complications and or death if not adequately treated.
    3. 3. HISTORY CDC estimates that, annually, 55,400 people in the United States get new syphilis infections. There were 46,042 reported new cases of syphilis in 2011, compared to 48,298 estimated new diagnoses of HIV infection and 321,849 cases of gonorrhea in 2011. Of new cases of syphilis, 13,970 cases were of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis, the earliest and most infectious stages of syphilis. In 2011, 72% of P&S syphilis occurred among men who have sex with men. There were also 360 reports of children with congenital syphilis in 2011.
    4. 4. EPIDEMIOLOGY •Syphilis is transmitted from person to person by direct contact with a syphilitic sore, known as a CHANCRE. Chancres occur mainly on the external genitals, vagina, anus, or in the rectum. Chancres also can occur on the lips and in the mouth. •Transmission of syphilis occurs during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Pregnant women with disease can transmit it to their unborn child.
    5. 5. •It is also transmissible by sexual contact with infectious lesions, from mother to fetus in uterus, via blood product transfusion, and occasionally through breaks in the skin that come into contact with infectious lesions. If untreated, it progresses through 4 stages: primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary.
    6. 6. Physiology & Pathophysiology When left untreated, syphilis is a lifelong infection that progresses in 3 clear characteristic stages: • Primary lesion • Secondary lesion • Tertiary lesion
    7. 7. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS • PRIMARY SYPHILIS Example of a primary syphilis sore or chancre.
    8. 8. • SECONDARY SYPHILIS Examples of a secondary palmar rash (right) and a generalized body rash (left).
    10. 10. DIAGNOSTIC TEST •Nontreponemal test •Treponemal test
    11. 11. TREATMENT There are no home remedies or over-the- counter drugs that will cure syphilis but syphilis is easy to cure in its early stages. *That’s why EARLY DIAGNOSIS is important! 
    12. 12. PREVENTION • Correct and consistent use of latex condoms can reduce the risk of syphilis when the sore or site of potential exposure is covered, but it is best to abstain from sex while any sore is present in the genital, anal, or oral area. Contact with a sore outside of the area covered by a latex condom can still cause infection. • The surest way to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, including syphilis, is to abstain from sexual contact or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and is known to be uninfected.
    13. 13. •Transmission of an STD, including syphilis, cannot be prevented by washing the genitals, urinating, and/or douching after sex. Any unusual discharge, sore, or rash, particularly in the groin area, should be a signal to abstain from having sex and to see a doctor immediately. •Avoiding alcohol and drug use may also help prevent transmission of syphilis because these activities may lead to risky sexual behavior. It is important that sex partners talk to each other about their HIV status and history of other STDs so that preventive action can be taken.
    14. 14. THE END. Thank you Classmates & Ma’am Bais for listening. God