IntroductionWhen I started getting interested in the Squared Circle Postmarks I went looking for books orpublications that would give overall information for all the countries of the world that had been usingthis type of postmark. I found out that while the information is quite abundant for some countries likethe United Kingdom, Canada, Jamaica or Italy, for others the information was scarce or nonexistent The only world- wide publication I am aware of is the booklet “Squared Circle Postmarks UsedOutside Great Britain” published by the Great Britain & Commonwealth Philatelic Society(Switzerland) but, while this is the most valuable publication existing on this subject, with a lot ofextremely useful information, also this one is not complete and does not include many countries,particularly those outside the Commonwealth.As most publications are available only in English I noticed that my fellow Italian collectors had evengreater difficulties at collecting information on the Squared Circle Postmarks. I initially decided tostart preparing a world-wide summary for my own personal use, but I soon realized that my list isexpanding every day with new findings and new information provided by other collectors and I needto share it with all those with the same passion to make it better and also to make it available to thosewho are supplying me new information. So I finally decided to open a website on this subject whichwould summarize all the information collected until now on the Squared Circle Postmarks and wouldbe continuously updated with new findings. Of course I also decided to publish it both in English and Italian to offer some support to my Italianfellow collectors, who don’t speak English. I will be grateful to anybody who can make additionalcontributions with information on additional countries or postmarks, to make this list even moreupdated and complete.General InformationThe Squared Circle Postmark is basically formed by combining two pieces of a cancel. It is a circularcancel with a city or country name and possibly also date information completed with a series ofexternal bars on the four corners to form an external square frame.As anything else connected to Postal services, the first postmarks of this type were introduced inGreat Britain at the end of 1879 as an alternative to the duplex cancels which were quite bigger andapparently more difficult to use. Furthermore the idea behind this new postmark was that thecombination of a circular postmark with the corner bars would allow to better cancel all stamps affixedon the letter. The Circle Squared Postmarks were very popular until 1910 but then their usage startedto decline as new simpler cancels became available. In general they started to disappear around1930 (with some exception that I will mention later on)This postmark was mostly used in Great Britain and in the Commonwealth Countries but was laterintroduced also in other countries like the Dutch Colonies, Italy (probably the highest number ofdifferent postmarks per country), Spain, China, Brasil,Hawaii etc.During their existence they were modified many times so it is possible to find up to 10 differentpostmarks for the same post office. In particular those of small towns and remote post offices can bequite rare.
The Countries From A to Z AdenThe Squared Circle Postmarks are very similar to the Indian ones. This is due to the very closeconnection between the Aden Postal Authority and the Indian one.There are 4 different types of postmarks used in 3 different locations. ,i.e. Aden, Aden Cantonmentand Aden Camp. These postmarks can be found both on stamps of British East Africa and of India
British Central Africa(see also Nyasaland). The only postmarks known for this territory are those of Blantyre, Chiromo,Chintnche, Deep Bay, Karonga and Liwonde, always with the B.C.A. inscription at the bottom of thepostmark. British East AfricaThe territory is identified at the bottom of the postmark as BEA or EAP.It includes the 3 colonies ofKenya, Uganda and Tanganika.At the moment only 15 locations have been identified,such as Mombasa and Malindi,but there surelyare some other ones, in particular smaller post offices. Mombasa
Albania (Italian Offices: Valona, Scutari and Durazzo )These postmarks have been used in the above 3 locations in the early 1900’s.In Durazzo they havebeen used between 1904 and 1914,in Scutari have been used between 1903 and 1913 . Scutari Dutch Antilles/ CuracaoThe Squared Circle Postmarks were used in these islands since 1891.Only the name of the islandwas shown in the postmark, with no indication of the specific post office. They have been used inCuracao (different types exist), Bonaire, St. Martin, Saba and St. Eustatius. Saint Martin Curacao
Australia (South Australia)They have been used in about 600 different Postal Offices in South Australia. This includes the PostOffices of the Northern Territories, which at the time were administered by South Australia (a list ofNorthern Territories offices I shown separately) .Similar postmark have been used in Queensland, inBrisbane (see a separate section on this). I have been also told that they have been used inMelbourne, Victoria but I could not find any proof of this.These postmarks have been produced with many different variations, so it is possible to findpostmarks which are different for the characteristic of the corners, for the dimension of the letters, thespelling of the abbreviation of South Australia etc. Australia (Northern Territories)Over 20 different postmarks have been identified in the book of _______ however there are probablymore. In general they are all quite scarce except the Port Darwin and Alice Springs onesHere is a list of known Post Offices in the Northern Territories:Adelaide River, Alice Springs, Anthony’s Lagoon, Arltunga, Barrow Creek, Borroloola, Brock’s Creek,Daley Waters, Everleen, Howley Creek, Durrundie, Katherine, Port Darwin, Powell Creek, RoperRiver, Top Camp (Alexandria), Union Town, Victoria River (Timber creek), Wandi, Winnecke (GoldFields), Hermansbury (Mission station), Fountain Head railway station (on Pine Creek Railway) Alice Springs
Australia (Queensland)The squared circle postmark in Queensland was only used in Brisbane, where it was introduced in1883 and continued until 1892 or later.It was used for both departures and arrivals and the codes were always letters. Letters recorded sofar (as per Campbell, Queensland Postal History 1990) are A, C, D, F, H (wide and narrow), K, L, P, Tand U.The postmark has a code letter, two lines for the date, "Brisbane" at the top and "QL" at the base.Some of the codes are more rare than others, and none appear to be particularly common. Brisbane code F Brisbane code L Brisbane code B Brisbane code A Brisbane code D Brisbane code E
Brisbane code H Brisbane code K BahrainThese postmarks were used in Bahrain between 1885 and 1900, on stamps of British India. A picture of various Squared Circle Postmarks from Bahrain BangladeshThese postmarks were widely used in British India including some towns which are now part ofBangladesh, such as the attached postmark of Sirajganj Bazar. It is my intention to identify all thesepostmarks separately. For the time being they are listed under India Sirajganj Bazar BarbadosThey have been used in 11 Post Offices, with a progressive numbering from 1 to 11, under theBarbados inscription. But there are also some which have no numbering. Later on also thepostmarks with the letters A,B or C, were introduced.
Barbados A Borneo (North)I have not found any mention of these postmarks in any catalogue I have consulted. However twotypes are known to exist, from Sandakan and Tenom Sandakan postmark British Bechuanaland (now Botswana)The Post Offices of Mafeking and Vryburg were located in this territory. In 1895 the territory wasincorporated in the Cape of Good Hope Province and the Mafeking postmark was modified with theCGH inscription. The Postmarks of these two locations are quite rare. Mafeking
Burma (now Myanmar)The stamps of British India were used in Burma with 3 different types of postmarks, which alwaysbear the Burma name.There are also some Military Post postmarks like Burmese Field Sub P.O. and Upper Burma / FieldP.O. Brasil (Belem and Bagé)There isn’t too much information about these postmarks and they are not mentioned in any catalogue.In any case they were introduced in Belem, in Para’, in the North of the country, around 1930 andwere used for approximately 10 years, only for the airmail correspondence and as an alternative to amore common circular postmark. I have acquired postmarks dated from 1937 to 1947. They appearto be more common in 1941. It is possible that this postmark has been copied (in a larger size) fromthe neighbouring Suriname and British Guyana postmarks.The second postmark is a new find and it has been used in Bagé, Rio Grande do Sul, which is veryfar from Belem. All copies I have been able to see are dated 1942, at the time of the local fair. Itappears that this postmark was probably produced only for philatelic purposes.
Belem Bagé R.G. do Sul CanadaThere are two types, with thinner and ticker bars. They were introduced in 1890. But a precursorpostmark has been used much earlier in Ottawa, between 1880 and 1881. These postmarks havebeen introduced in all Canadian Provinces so there are hundreds of different types. Three T.P.O.’salso exist.They continued to be used until 1940 (in London, Ontario) and occasionally also after this date inPrince Albert, Saskatchewan, Christmas 1950.A very detailed list of all Canadian postmarks can be found in the books published by BNAPS (writtenby Glenn Hansen and W.G. Moffat) “The Squared Circle Postmarks of Canada”. These postmarksare also catalogued at the back of the Unitrade Stamp Catalogue.
Cape of Good HopeThere are over 50 different postmarks for this British Colony. They have also been frequently used asarrival postmarks. Port Elizabeth Kloof Station Silver RiverA particular type of octagonal postmark was used in Capetown but this experiment was not verysuccessful.
Here is a list of known postmarks in the Cape of Good Hope Province 43 The Strand Aliwal North Beaconsfield Beaufort West Burghesdorp GPO Cape Town Capetown NPB Clanwilliam Claremont Colesberg Craddock Dordrecht East London Graaf Reinet Grahamstown Kimberley King Williams Town Kloof St Gardens Knysna Kuruman Mafeking Malmesbury Middelburg Molteno Montagu Mossel Bay Mowbray Newlands Observatory Road Paarl Port Elizabeth Prieska Queenstown Rondesbosch St Georges St, Cape Town Salt River Somerset East Somerset West Stellenbosch Swellendam Uitenhage Victoria west Vryburg (Bechuanaland) Willington Woodstock Station Worcester Wynberg
CyprusThe British Postal Offices started to operate in 1878 and from 1882 started to use the squared circlepostmarks. They were used in 13 different locations. Some postmarks like Larnaca, Limassol andNicosia are very common. Cyprus Town Cancels Eritrea (Massaua, Italian office)The squared circle postmarks were only used in Massaua.5 different types have been identified andthey were used between 1892 and 1905. Massaua
Great BritainThe squared circle postmarks have been introduced in Great Britain at the end of 1879 as analternative to the duplex, which presented quite a few problems, were bigger and more difficult to use.They have been introduced in England and in Wales, but not in Scotland and Ireland. Notwithstandingthat over 4000 different types are known to exist. They were widely used until 1910, then they startedto be replaced by new types of cancels and ended up disappearing completely around 1930. London Devonport Greece (Salonicco, Jannina and La Canea, Italian offices)They have been used in Greece only in these 3 locations in Italian postal Offices. They were used inLa Canea (Island of Crete) from 1900 to 1910,in Salonicco from 1908 to 1914 and in Jannina(Epyrus). They are all quite rare, particularly on covers. Cancels of Salonicco and La Canea (2) British GuyanaEleven offices have surely used these cancels from early ‘80s in 3 different types, with 1 or 2 internalrings and 2 or 3 external arcs . The locations where these cancels were surely used are Brahn,Cabacaburi, Carmichael, Cotton Tree, Dunoon, Georgetown, Hackney, Mallali, New Amsterdam,Puruni and Skeldon, but only Hackney is known to have used the cancel with two internal rings. Georgetown
HawaiiThe history of the Honolulu Squared Circle Postmark is very interesting. This postmark was originallyproduced in Canada and probably sent to Honolulu as a sample or as a gift from the Canadian PostalAuthorities. The specimen of the Honolulu Postmark was produced in 1894 but it appears that theusage of this postmark only started around January 1897, as the postmarks from this period are veryclear .It is known to have been used as a second class cancel (no date) between April 1897 and April1900, only in Honolulu. The Honolulu postmark is rare and if other postmarks exist for other postoffices, they would be very rare. Honolulu British IndiaThey were introduced around 1880, with bars (and not arcs) in the 4 corners. At least 4 different typeswere used in over 200 Post Offices. They have also been used for Military Post (also in North Burma)and on board of boats, for example the Post Office of the Bombay – Karachi Line and on the steamboat Ghat Dibrugarh. They have been used also in some Feudatory and Convention States, and ,asexplained in another section, also in Middle East locations outside the Indian territory (like Basra,Mahommera, Baghdad etc.) and also in Africa. In most cases they are applied on Indian stamps. Grant Road railway, Bombay
A list is attached of all known India Squared Circle Postmarks. This list is still under revision.Agra Ahmedabad Ahmednagar AjmereAlighar City Alipur Allahabad City Amirabad LucknowAmmapet Apollo Bandar Bombay Aurangabad Baipara DarangBangalore Bangalore Bazar Bangalore Fort Bangalore Ry StnBara-Bazar Bareilly Baroda Baroda CityBarthana Bassein Bassmin Thana BallaryBhiwani Bhowanipore Calcutta Bindk BokakhatBombay Bombay GPO Bombay Market Bombay SBombay Umarkhadi Bori Bandar Ma Bori Bunder Brindabin MuttraBulandshahar Byculla Bombay Calcutta Calcutta insCalcutta reg Calicut Chandausi Chandor BazarChauk Carnpor Chauk Luknow Chikhlu Surat ChopdaCoconada Cochin Coimbatore Colaba BombayCollector Ganj Cawnpore Cuttak Delhi Gate Ahmedabad Dehra-donDera IsmailKhan Dharmsala Dhulia Diamond HarbourDibrugarh / Durbhunga Ellichpur Englishman Press Esplanade BombayEtawau Fategarh Fatehpur FerozepurFyzabad City Ghum Girgaon Bombay GoalparaGolden Tlmpll Hajelpore Hissar HubliHyderabad Decuan In Set no. B Jalgaon Jamad KashmirJapur Ratnagira Jhansi Jhunjhnu Kalok N GujeratKamptee Karachi Katgodown KayalpatnamKhada Bazar Belgaum Kohat Koilpati KosiKottayam Kumbhir Cachar Lahore LingaLingsugur Lonavla Lucknow MacercoilMadras Mahabaleshwar Mahiganj Malabar Hill BombayMandvi Bombay Mangalore Manova Kathiavar Mansurnagar lucknowMarket Bombay Marwar Junction Matigiri MayanaguriMazgaon Bombay Medha Satara Meerut Kutchery Mirzapur CityMoolky Moradabad Moriani Mount RoadMumbadevi Bombay Murree Muzafarnagar NainitalNakachari Nokachari Nutongang Burdwin Ootacamund (in Tamil Nadu)Palampur Parel Park St Calcutta Paud Poona (M.A. Poona)Princes Dock Bombay Puttur South Canara Quettya RajkotRajapur Banda Ramgarh Ranchi RangoonRanigaj Ranigaj Burdwin Ratangarh RawalpindiRawalpindi Katchery Rosa Royal exchange Calcutta SalayaSalem Samalkot Sambhar Sardaghat ChittagongSealdah Calcutta Secretariat Buildings Secunderabad Deccan Shamatganj Bareill (location unknown)Shaganj Shekhbudin (Pakistan) Sheogarh Shikapur SindShillong Sholapur Shukraua Peth Poona SimlaSirajganj Bazar Sirsa Katra Subathu Tigyaing(Bangladesh)Tikam Garh Tinsuria Tardeo Bombay TanjoreTellicherry Titagarh Tranquebar UmballaVaduj Vankaner Veraval Victoria Terminus BombayVisnagar Wellesley St CalcuttaI have also an unclassified one: Thaye. Also Guadur (Pakistan) should go in this list.
RailwayAkola Ry Stn Baltair Stn Bangalore Ry Stn Bori Bandar MaBhusaval Ma Calcutta Par Cawnpore Ry Stn N. 1 Cawnpore Ry Stn N. 2Coimbatore Ry Stn Dhamangaon Ry Mail Guard Dibrugarh Ma Englishman PressGadag Ry Stn Grant road Ry Stn Howrah RSO or RMS Howrah Ry Stn Late Fee Howrah/RSO PaidHubly Ry Stn Hyderabad Ry Stn Mail Agent Kulna Medha SataraMeerut City Ry Stn Meerut Ry Stn New Bazar poona MA PoonaPress Sorter RMS Rawalpindi RRO Surat MA Tpo Grant Road Ry Stn BombayB78 C54 Howrah Ry Stn Late L 50 Fee PaidField Post OfficesAGGs Camp Pajputana Burmese Field Sub PO Bellary CantonmentBerilly Artillery Bazar FPO N 2,3,5,7,9,10,11,12,14 NWP GOVT Camp POTrichur Cannt Upper Burma Field POShipsBombay Karachi Sea Post Office Steamer Ghat DibrugarhIndian StatesGwalior Jammu Kashmir SimoorLaskhar Srinagar Simoor State NahanMora Jammu Simoor State Paonta Tavi Jammu MA Simoor State RainkaJheend DharSangrur Charkari StatePattiala Radhanpur OrchaNabha Tikamgarh PatialaNabha (3 types) Patiala Charkari State PattialaJhairapatanUsed AbroadAden French India IrakAden Camp Chandanagore BaghdadAden Cantonment Karikal Basra or Busrah PondicherryBahrain Yanam MuscatBurma Iran NepalRangoonKyaukpyu St Bandar-Abas Portuguese IndiaSanoway Bushire Chandor Bazar (?) Jask Linga Mahommera
French IndiaThese postmarks were used in some towns of French India,such as Chandernagore, Karikal,Pondicherry and Yanam, in postal offices run by the British Authorities and therefore stamped onstamps of British India. The type of postmark was identical to the one used in India. They are veryrare and I only have one picture of Chandernagore in my library. Portuguese IndiaThe British Post was also active in Portuguese India and had some Post offices there. Even if thecatalogues do not make any reference to postmarks for the enclaves of Goa, Damao or Diu, it ispossible that the squared circle postmarks have been used in these territories. I have been shown apostmark of Chandor Bazar which could be from Portuguese India (but a location with the samename exists also in Central India). This subject is still under investigation Dutch Indies (now Indonesia)Introduced around 1900 in the Dutch Colonies in the Indonesian Islands, were used in over 100locations including the village of Merauke in New Guinea. There is a good variety of types anddesigns. They have also been used by the Dutch Postal Agents of Singapore and Penang.
IranUsed on Indian stamps in the post offices of Bandar-Abbas, Bushire, Jask, Linga and Mahommera.Quite rare ,particularly on cover.. Mahommera Bushire (6)
IraqUsed on Indian stamps in the Post offices of Bagdad and Basra (or Busrah, in the picture). ItalyIn this country there has been the widest usage of squared circle postmarks with over 10,000 differentvariants if we take into account all locations and the different types of postmarks existing in thatlocation. There is an excellent catalogue in Italian, Il Nuovo Gaggero - Catalogo dei bolli tondo -riquadrati del Regno dItalia – published in 2002 by Vaccari. Notwithstanding that, new postmarks arediscovered on a regular basis and a new catalogue is under preparation. They have also been usedas arrival postmarks on correspondence arriving from other countries.They have been used in most Italian Post offices between the end of the ‘800 and the beginning ofthe ‘900 and started to be replaced by other types of postmarks around 1910.They were still relativelycommon in the ‘20s. The last known usage is in Canelli (Cuneo) April 11, 1933 and in Buvongi(Reggio Calabria), December 30, 1950.These postmarks have been also imitated to produce some colourful private postmarks for somemajor hotels and some exhibitions. These “postmarks” have not been postally used and therefore donot appear in any catalogueThey were also issued for the Milan Exhibition and as TPO’s on trains and on boats. Some of thesepostmarks are quite rare. They were also used on the ships Portoferraio, Roma and Regina Elenaand on some torpedo boats during the first world war, all very rare. They have been also used insome offices abroad, but these have been identified separately, and classified under the countrieswhere they have been used, all very rare, particularly on cover. I am showing here same examples ofpostmarks not appearing in the 2002 edition of the catalogue (they will be included in the newedition), Caraffa del Bianco and Ragalasi Casale di Posillipo
Cosenza distribuzione ,with internal ring Here are some examples of TPO’s, ships post offices and postal offices at National Exhibitions, allshown in the Gaggero catalogue, and some examples of private postmarks (not in catalogue) Ambulante Milano Domodossola Natante Colico-Como Private stamp of Grand Hotel de la Ville - Firenze Esposizione Milano (1) with a purple private postmark
Italy – Campione dItaliaUsed in Campione dItalia between 1895 and 1911. It has an evaluation of 5 points in the catalogue"Il Nuovo Gaggero", (on a scale from 1 to 10) .but it appears to be rarer than that, considering I havenot been able yet to obtain a sample. Campione is an enclave in the Swiss territory, which hasissued its own stamps during World War 2. JamaicaIntroduced in 1882, four different types are known and have been used in about 40 different postaloffices. Some of these postmarks have been used for a very long time and can be seen even onGeorge V stamps. Rarity varies from very common to quite rare. Spanish Town (large type)- Kingston - Black River - Falmouth KenyaUsed in 12 different postal offices, with different types. Known postmarks are from Escarpment,Kikurgu/Kikuyu, Kilindini, Kismayu, Kiu, Machakos, Melindi, Mombasa, Ndi, Railhead/Mombasa,Takaungu and Wasin . Libya (Tripoli and Bengasi, Italian Offices)Used in Tripoli for about 15 years between 1897 and 1912,six different types, all with a value of 7points in the Gaggero catalogue. Used in Bengasi only from 1901 to 1907, two different types, bothquoted 9 points in the Gaggero catalogue.
Tripoli di Barberia Bengasi MalayaOver 40 different post offices are known, with many different types. The design of the postmarks hasbeen changed quite a few times, in an attempt to produce longer lasting postmarks. This increasesthe possibility of finding rarer variants of a specific postmark. As mentioned before, also a DutchIndies postmark was used in Penang. Taiping (Perak) Teluk Anson (Perak) Batu Gaya MuscatSquared circle postmarks have been used on Indian stamps used in Muscat. This postmarks lasted afairly long time, from 1885 to the end of the century
NepalUsed only in the capital. Katmandu, its length of usage is unknown. It is rare Nigeria The squared circle postmarks were used only in 7 offices in Benin, Bonny, Brass, Old Calabar (seepicture), Opobo, Sapele, Warri, from mid 1890. Postmark of Old Calabar New Zealand The first squared circle postmarks were introduced in 1882 and progressively more and more postoffices were added until 1915.Subsequently they started to be replaced by different types. But insome places they have remained in usage for a long time. The last known usage is in 1958, if we donot take into account the one used in Eureka in 1965, for historical philatelic celebrations and the oneused in Whakatane in 1967 for the national stamp exhibition. They have been used in about 150postal offices, but also in some naval offices (Monowai and Manganui – 2 types) and to celebratesome philatelic expos.(Aukland).There are also about 20 types of square circles with a PAIDinscription on them. And about 20 other postmarks exist for some offices that at some time had onlytelegraph or telephone facilities. Different forgeries have been seen, usually on Stamp Duty issuesand the 5 shillings Mt.Cook stamp.
Timaru Invercargill Wellington Christchurch Dunedin (2) Eureka NyasalandOver 30 offices have used the squared circle postmarks with the description of the country given asNyasaland, BCA or both. There is also a TPO dated 1924 and a postmark marked “paid” and used forofficial and government mail
Palestine (Gerusalemme, Italian Post)The Jerusalem (Gerusalemme in Italian) Italian Post Office has used a squared circle postmark in1914, just before the start of WW1.It is a quite rare postmark quoted the maximum of 10 points in theGaggero catalogue Gerusalemme Northern RhodesiaIntroduced in the early 1900’s and used in 13 postal offices, with many different types. The townswhere they have been used are: Feira, Kampanda, Kapopo, Kasama, Lundazi, Mpiga or Mpika,Mwomboshi, Ndola, Nawalia, Petauke, Sakontwi, Serenje, Sitanda, Mwomboshi San Marino Not to confuse with the Italian squared circle postmark of the town of San Marino, in the Vicenza province. San Marino has not introduced the squared circle postmarks but there have been cases where the correspondence has been stamped in transit or for the first time in Italian towns near the border. In the attached picture the card has been stamped in San Marino on the rightwith a normal circular postmark but then has been stamped at arrival inRimini. The postmark has been put on top of the Minerva image on the right
side. In the following picture there is a stamp which has not been stamped in San Marino but only intransit with an Italian squared circle postmark. Shangai (China)Postmark used only in Shangai. Rare. Information on this postmark is quite scarce. Shangai raccomandate SingaporeI am not aware of square circle postmarks used in Singapore except those already mentioned in theDutch Indies section
Somalia- Italian (Brava, Giuba, Merca, Benadir and Mogadiscio)Used for a short period between 1903 and 1906 in the 5 locations listed above. They are cataloguedin the catalogue Gaggero as very rare (on letter) with a maximum point of 10. In addition to that thereis another postmark titled “ Direttore dei servizi postali Mogadiscio” in purple, with no date. Rare. Brava Giuba Mogadiscio Spain(Madrid)Used only in Madrid around 1900, I am only aware of postmarks used between early 1893 and end1894.I have also seen a copy of a half postmark (see picture) but until now I have not been able tofind out if it is a variant or simply the effect of a malfunction Madrid cut (Nov. 1893) Madrid whole postmark (Feb. 1893) South AfricaIn Orange Free State some modified squared circle postmarks (octagonal) have been used with theprovince name shortened as OVS and later as ORC (Orange River Colony). During the Anglo-Boerwar some postmarks were used in different locations than what had been originally planned .For thesquare circle postmarks they have been used in Kuruman abd Rustenburg. They are extremely rare.There are forgeries of this type of postmarks .
SudanDuring the war against the Mahdi forces, the British troops set their camps round Wadi Halfa and theNile. Of the 3 known Military Post Offices only one (office number 11 - Suakin) used the squaredcircle postmark on Indian stamps, to stamp the correspondence mailed by British and Indian troops. Field Post Office n. 11 Suriname Also in this other Dutch colony they introduced the squared circle postmarks, which instead were never introduced in Holland. They have been used extensively but unfortunately there is no publication that lists the exact number of locations where these postmarks have been used. The official information at the moment identifies only the offices of Paramaribo, Sarama, Nickerie and Beneden Commewijne .There are for sure other oneswhich, particularly for the smallestlocations, are surely rare items. I amalso adding a picture of a Para postmarkapparently used on the Para river.
SwazilandOnly 3 offices used these postmarks: Embadaan, Darkton and Bremersdorp (was Manzini) with theidentification of the country as Swaziel or Z.A.R.: they exist also in blue. Bremersdorp Tunisia (Italian Offices, Tunisi, La Goletta and Susa)Postmark used in Tunis between 1894 and 1895 Used also in La Goletta in 1893-96 and Susa in1897. Rare. From 8 points (Tunisi) to 10 points (the other two) on the catalogue "Il Nuovo Gaggero".
Tunisi Turchia (Smirne,Italian office)Postmark used only in the Smirne post office in 1908- 1909. Smirne Zanzibar Postmarks used on Indian stamps (on international correspondence in arrival, forwarded through Aden) around 1890 and on Zanzibar stamps from 1898 to 1930. There is a Zanzibar postmark plus four local postmarks of Chwaka, Mkoan, Mkokotoni e Weti, with the inscriptions of Zanzibar or Pemba at the bottom. The Zanzibar postmark exists also of the Indian type, the others are of the British type.
Final remarksI have tried to summarize in these notes all the available information on worldwide squared circlepostmarks I have been able to collect during the years. It is however a subject on which there is still alot to discover as confirmed by the recent discoveries I have made of Italian and Brazilian postmarkswhich do not appear in any catalogue. I am very interested in receiving any type of comment orinformation which can help me to expand this essay and also to exchange informations with othercollectors of this type of postmarks ( write to firstname.lastname@example.org). Please note that my researchhas not included the Hoster postmarks, which, even if they are very similar to the squared circlepostmarks, are not classified in the same category. I am showing hereunder the picture of a BerlinHoster postmark, to help understand the differences between the two types of postmarks.Bibliography:- Crevato-Selvaggi: Il Nuovo Gaggero - Catalogo dei bolli tondo- riquadrati del Regno d’Italia - con lacollaborazione di Daniele Prudenzano - Ed. Vaccari;- Robson Lowe: The Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps;- UniSafe: Catalogue of Canadian Stamps;- Bill Atmore: Jamaica Squared Circle Postmarks;- Alfred Whitehead (BNAPS): The Squared Circle Postmarks of Canada;- Curt Nicolaus Fernau: Squared Circle Postmarks used outside Great Britain;- http://www.rjbw.net/IndiaUA.html: The Postal History of India, Indian Stamps Used Abroad;- Rodney Overton: A Catalogue of Squared Circle Postmarks of South Australia.Patricia E. Capill- New Zealand Squared Circle cancellations.