Employee VolunteeringThe State of the Art and Beyond                 Jalal    Volunteer Architect @ Volunteer-ID
Understanding Volunteering	                                                                 Butcher	  (2010)	  “Volunteeri...
Context:	  Managed	  and	  	                                     Unmanaged	  Volunteering	                                ...
Role	  of	  Volunteering	  	                          in	  Society	  and	  in	  Development	                              ...
Cone	  and	  Echo	  Global	  (2011)	  
Why	  Employees	  Volunteer?	                                                            Pajo	  and	  Lee	  (2011)   	  • ...
Why	  Employees	  Volunteer?	                                                    Pajo	  and	  Lee	  (2011)   	  •  RelaDon...
Phase,	  Framing,	  MobilizaDon	                                                                            Van	  der	  Vo...
Tensions	  in	  Managing	  CSEV	            Van	  der	  Voort,	  Glac,	  Meijs	  (2009)	             1.  Individual	  choi...
Double-­‐Edged	  Effects	  	                                                                           of	  CSEV	  Manageme...
QuesDons	  •  What	  is	  volunteering	  in	  Indonesian	  context?	  •  How	  organiza9ons	  in	  Indonesia	  manage	  it...
JALAL	                                           VOLUNTEER-­‐ID	                                   jalal@volunteer-­‐id.or...
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Employee Volunteering, The State of the Art and Beyond

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Employee Volunteering, The State of the Art and Beyond

  1. 1. Employee VolunteeringThe State of the Art and Beyond Jalal Volunteer Architect @ Volunteer-ID
  2. 2. Understanding Volunteering   Butcher  (2010)  “Volunteering  means  conduc9ng  work  with  no  pay.”  (Hodgkinson,  2003)  although  non-­‐remunera9on  has  been  widely  discussed,  three  other  factors  of  volunteering  also  prevail:    •  that  of  choice  and  free  will,    •  to  go  beyond  one’s  normal   responsibili9es  of  family  obliga9ons,   and    •  to  contribute  to  society  at  large  –   even  though  individuals  may  benefit   internally  from  its  prac9ce.  
  3. 3. Context:  Managed  and     Unmanaged  Volunteering   Butcher  (2010)  “...  it  can  be  unmanaged,  as  in  sporadic  help  that  takes   place  between  neighbors  and  friends;  or  managed   volunteering,  which  takes  place  through  organiza;ons   in  the  nonprofit,  private,  and  public  sectors.”  
  4. 4. Role  of  Volunteering     in  Society  and  in  Development   Butcher  (2010)   “...  not  only  to  add  to  the  crea*on  of  social  capital   (Putnam  2000)  or  to  promote  social  cohesion  and  the  strengthening  of  democracy  (Olvera  2001),  but  also  as   a  mechanism  to  channel  differences  and  dissent   among  the  popula;on.”  
  5. 5. Cone  and  Echo  Global  (2011)  
  6. 6. Why  Employees  Volunteer?   Pajo  and  Lee  (2011)  •  Altruism:  a  desire  to  help,  to  give   back,  to  assist  those  who  were  less   fortunate  or  by  the  ‘feel  good’  factor   that  comes  with  helping  others.  •  Meaningfulness:  impact,  worth  or   significance  of  the  volunteer  ac9vity.  •  OrganizaDonal  CiDzenship:  a  desire   to  reciprocate  posi9ve  treatment   from  the  employer,  to  support  the   company  or  to  present  a  favorable   image  of  the  enterprise.  •  Role  Variety:  the  ac9vity  provided   the  opportunity  to  do  something   different  from  ‘normal’  work.  
  7. 7. Why  Employees  Volunteer?   Pajo  and  Lee  (2011)  •  RelaDonal  &  Social  Task   CharacterisDcs:  a  posi9ve  affec9ve   judgment  about  the  ac9vity  and   men9oning  rela9onal  and/or  social   aspects.  •  Networking:  the  opportunity  to  get   to  know  others  in  the  organiza9on   and/or  build  their  own  profile).  •  Personal:  a  variety  of  idiosyncra9c,   individual  and  personalized  reasons   for  volunteering  
  8. 8. Phase,  Framing,  MobilizaDon   Van  der  Voort,  Glac,  Meijs  (2009)  Phase   Issue  Framing   Views  of  MobilizaDon  Thriving,  boVom-­‐up   CCI  as  private  affair  and   BoVom-­‐up  mobiliza9on  enthusiasm   individual  choice  (1997–2000)  The  emergence  of  a  Social   CCI  as  private  affair  and   Formaliza9on  of  (boVom-­‐up)  Movement  Organiza9on   individual  choice   mobilizing  structures  (2000–2001)  Framing  CCI  as  a  HR  Tool   CCI  as  competency   Mobiliza9on  by  collabora9on  (2002–2003)   development   and  a  pull  strategy  to  engage   business  units  Toward  a  management  focus   CCI  as  management   Addi9on  of  top-­‐down  in  mobiliza9on   responsibility   approach  to  mobiliza9on  (2004–2006)  Toward  CCI  as  standard   CCI  as  strategic  instrument   Balancing  boVom  up  and  business  prac9ce   and  collec9ve  responsibility   top-­‐down  mobiliza9on  (from  2007)   approaches  
  9. 9. Tensions  in  Managing  CSEV   Van  der  Voort,  Glac,  Meijs  (2009)   1.  Individual  choice  versus   central  programming   2.  Community  benefits  versus   business  benefits   3.  Private/personal  mo9va9on   versus  Instrumental   mo9va9on  
  10. 10. Double-­‐Edged  Effects     of  CSEV  Management     Van  der  Voort,  Glac,  Meijs  (2009) 1.  ProfessionalizaDon:  ‘‘It  is  not  about   emo9ons  anymore;  they  are  viewed   more  cri9cally.’’   2.  Obliging  parDcipaDon:  ‘‘I  feel  obliged,   because  that  is  how  I  am,  but  also   because  of  my  func9on,  but  I  will  think   about  it  long  and  hard  before  I  consider   par9cipa9ng  the  next  9me.’’  3.  Elite  co-­‐optaDon  and  support:  ‘‘They   need  a  patron,  but  if  this  patronage  is   commercially  mo9vated  rather  than   sincere  […]  It  will  become  a  vehicle  and   lose  its  credibility.’’  
  11. 11. QuesDons  •  What  is  volunteering  in  Indonesian  context?  •  How  organiza9ons  in  Indonesia  manage  its  volunteering  projects?  •  How  Indonesian  stakeholders  value  the  role  of  volunteering  in   society  and  development?  •  What  are  the  roles  of  business  in  society,  according  to  Indonesian   stakeholders?  •  Why  employees  in  Indonesia  volunteer?  •  Which  phase  of  employee  volunteering  management  are   companies  in  Indonesia  currently  in?  •  What  are  the  tensions  and  effects  of  employee  volunteering   management  in  companies  prac9cing  it  in  Indonesia?    
  12. 12. JALAL   VOLUNTEER-­‐ID   jalal@volunteer-­‐id.org   +62-­‐815-­‐13803616  THANK  YOU  SO  VERY  MUCH!  

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