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From Programmatic to Constitutive Perspectives: Two Approaches to Studying Openness in Strategy and Beyond

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Professional Development Workshop on "Open Strategy: Practices and Perspectives“, 
Academy of Management Annual Meeting, August 10, 2019, Boston, MA

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From Programmatic to Constitutive Perspectives: Two Approaches to Studying Openness in Strategy and Beyond

  1. 1. Leonhard Dobusch
 University of Innsbruck PDW "Open Strategy: Practices and Perspectives“ 
 Academy of Management Annual Meeting, August 10, 2019, Boston, MA FROM PROGRAMMATIC TO CONSTITUTIVE PERSPECTIVES
 Two Approaches to Studying Openness in Strategy and Beyond
  2. 2. CO M M ERCIAL BREAK Dobusch, L. & Dobusch, L. (2019): The Relation between Openness and Closure in Open Strategy: Programmatic and Constitutive Approaches to Openness. In D. Seidl, G. von Krogh & R Whittington (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Open Strategy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 326-336
  3. 3. <1>
 
 Programmatic Perspective on Openness
  4. 4. Open Innovation and Strategy Henry W. Chesbrough Melissa M. Appleyard A new breed of innovation—open innovation—is forcing firms to reassess their leadership positions, which reflect the performance outcomes of their business strategies. It is timely to juxtapose some new phenomena in innovation with the traditional acade- mic view of business strategy. More specifically, we wish to examine the increas- ing adoption of more open approaches to innovation, and see how well this adoption can be explained with theories of business strategy. In our view, open innovation is creating new empirical phenomena that exist uneasily with well- established theories of business strategy. Traditional business strategy has guidedQuelle: David Lerner, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Internet_troll.jpg, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Open strategy … embraces the benefits of openness as a means of expanding value creation for organizations “ Chesbrough & Appleyard (2007)
  5. 5. Quelle: David Lerner, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Internet_troll.jpg, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Increasing Openness as a PROGRAM Tensions such as “compromising speed” or “burdening wider audiences with the pressures of strategy” (Hautz et al., 2017) as limitations or hurdles for achieving greater openness IIIOpenness as the opposite 
 of closure, representing two endpoints of a continuum from closed to open: Inviting more actors, sharing more information >> open++ open++ as a normative ideal
  6. 6. <2>
 
 Constitutive Perspective on Openness and Closure
  7. 7. Quelle: David Lerner, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Internet_troll.jpg, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ If your group has nine helpful and polite members, and one rude, sexist, loud member, most women are going to continue to stay away because of that one member “ Valeria Aurora (2002), http://tldp.org/HOWTO/ Encourage-Women- Linux-HOWTO/
  8. 8. Quelle: David Lerner, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Internet_troll.jpg, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Openness and Closure as CONSTITUTIVE Analyzing the paradoxical nature of openness (and closure) by focusing on legitimate forms closure. e.g., official secrecy as a way to enhance transparency (Costas & Grey 2014) IIIOpenness and closure as inextricably linked and interacting with each other >> we find examples of closure in all empirical studies of open strategy
  9. 9. <3>
 
 Outlook
  10. 10. Explicating and addressing normativity inherent in (calls for) openness from looking at degrees of openness to investigating combinations of openness and closure desirable in strategy-making labelled as ‘open’ together with a switch from exclusionary openness to inclusion through legitimate closure allows moving
  11. 11. CONTACT E-mail: 
 Leonhard.Dobusch@uibk.ac.at Twitter: @leonidobusch Websites:
 bit.ly/LD-UIBK // www.dobusch.net Research blogs:
 governancexborders.com // osconjunction.net

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