The students of today is very different from 20 to 50 years ago. Students are apart of the digital learning age. They are apart of a more complex but interesting to technology age. Learner’s Characteristics are the following cognitive, specific prior knowledge, physiological, affective , social characteristics. These are the basic characteristic and they did not change. What change are the way teacher will get the learner to apply these characteristics. The way the are learning is through technology. “Students wants access to online tutoring, the ability to take online classes, access to real data and database greater access to teachers using SMS/TEXT messaging, education-based virtual reality and games and increased access to digital collaboration tools” (Riedel, 2012, p. 2).
Cognitive characteristic is the way students process the information through reading, language, learning strategies, and general world knowledge. Today’s learners are on the internet and the way they are processing the general world in on the world wide web.. They are on the internet processing a lot of information that has to be validated unfortunately not all information on the internet is the truth. They are forming their own languages when they are texting, emailing and instance messaging. Students
The teacher has to activate prior knowledge. The teacher finds out what the students know. Can the student relate to the subject that is being taught? This will help to focus on what the child knows and proceed from there. There are many question that has to be asked. “Do the students have some background knowledge or skills that will help the students lean the current task? Will the instructor have to fill in this back ground knowledge for the students” (Daigre, p. 6)? After asking the students and teacher these question this should give a person an outlook on where to proceed.
The physiological is the normal function of the students. Their age and what are perceived by them when the students are learning.
Affective is relating to the moods, feelings, and attitudes of the students. Are the students perceptive toward learning. Do they feel good or bad about learning curtain subjects.
The social aspect of relating to society or organization. Students learn more from each others. Through collaboration and relating to each other students gain information by socializing. “Social knowledge is culture-specific and can be learned only from other people within one’s cultural group”(Driscoll, 2005, p. 193. Socializing help students to gain information.
How does this tie in with the characteristic of today’s learners? Cognitive students are on the internet going from sites to sites reading consuming information. Prior knowledge students are coming in to the classroom with prior information about technology. In using technology students are using sensory parts. The attitudes moods and emotion toward using technology in the classroom or out of the classroom. Student are using gaming sites, social media to organized and socialize.
This a graphic organizer to show who the characteristics of the learners are associated.
Informal learning: learning resulting from daily life activities related to work, family or leisure. It is not structured( in terms of learning objectives, learning time or learning support) and typically does not lead to certification. Informal learning may be intentional but in must cases it is non-intentional (or incidental/random) (Teacher Education College, 2007)
Informal learning is relax. Students can work at their own pace (self pace). Informal learning use nontraditional way to teach objectives.” Having people to work together to craft a statement, document and approach, or generate a response can be a powerful tool for developing a shared understanding” (Quinn & N., 2009).
The learning takes places outside of a formal environment. They are learner centered also.
Formal Learning: Learning typically provided by an education training institution, structured( in terms of objectives, learning time or learning support) and leading to certification. Formal learning is intentional from the learners’ perspective.
Formal learning is the systematic method of teaching. Formal learning in very structured. They follow objectives. These conventional rules are set for everyone. It does not include the special education population and the modification they need. Formal learning can be interchangeable with informal.
These characteristics are apart of a formal environment.
Characteristics between formal and informal are interchangeable.
Hester edu642 unit 1 ip
New Generation of LearnersLeonia L. Hester AIU Online
Learner Characteristics Cognitive Characteristics Specific Prior Knowledge Physiological Characteristics Affective Characteristics Social Characteristics
Characteristic of Today’s Learners Cognitive Characteristic Reading level Language Level Learning Strategies General World Knowledge
Characteristic of Today’s Learners Activating Prior KnowledgeSome Background KnowledgeInstructor fill in the blanksSome skills and know the teacher plans to teach
Characteristic of Today’s Learners Physiological General health Age Sensory Perception
Characteristic of Today’s Learners Affective Motivations to learn Attitude toward learning Experience Academic self-concept
Characteristic of Today’s Learners Social Relationship with peers Cooperation and Competition Feelings toward authority Affiliations Role models
How does this tie in with the characteristic of today’s learners? Cognitive –reading Prior knowledge -information about technology Physiology-sensory Affective-emotions Social-organization
Prior Knowledge Cognitive Affective CharacteristicSocial of the Physiology learners
Informal Learning Informal learning: learning resulting from daily life activities related to work, family or leisure. It is not structured( in terms of learning objectives, learning time or learning support) and typically does not lead to certification. Informal learning may be intentional but in must cases it is non-intentional (or incidental/random) (Teacher Education College, 2007)
Characteristic of Informal Learning Collaborative No Teacher Non-educational premises Learner control Internet Self pace
Five Characteristic of Informal Learning Internally determined objectives Interests of oppressed groups No assessment Preserves inequity and sponsorship Practical and process knowledge
Formal Leaning “Formal Learning: Learning typically provided by an education training institution, structured( in terms of objectives, learning time or learning support) and leading to certification. Formal learning is intentional from the learners’ perspective” (Teacher Education College, 2007).
Characteristics of Formal LearningFormalStructuredObjectivesConventional RulesDoes not include Special Need Students
Five Characteristics of Formal learning Teacher as authority Teacher control Planned and structured Summative Assessment accreditation High status
Characteristics of Informal and Formal Learning Formal Informal
References Daigre, R. (n.d.). An Overview of Learner Analysis.Retrieved from An Overview of learner Analysis: http://www.anglefire.com/la2/learners/kearner.html Driscoll, M. (2005). aPsychology of Learning for Instruction. New York , New York, USA: Pearson. Quinn, & N., C. (2009, February 23). Learning Solutions Magazine Retrieved from Social Networking: Bridging Formal and Informal Learning: http://www.Learning Soluction magazine. Com Riedel, C. (2012, February 1). Digital Learning: What Kids Really Want. THE Journal . Illnois, Chicago, USA. Teacher Education College. (2007). Jyvaskyla University of Applied Sciences. Retrieved from Teacher Education College: http:/ / salprosalpause.fi/tes/CD-rompdf/ A1_Salpaus_formal_informal_nonformal _learning.docx.pdf
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