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What are the
Functions of Theories
in Educational
Administration?
• Educational administration is the field of study and
practice concerned with the management of
educational institutions....
• Theories
Most theories applied to educational administration
originated elsewhere—mainly the business world. The most
co...
• Decision Making
Theories can help leaders by giving them the
benefit of different perspectives.
Administrators can compa...
Predicting Behavior
•Theories allow educational leaders to predict the outcome of their decisions.
By examining relevant t...
Organizational Control
•Using theories as models, educational leaders can
communicate more clearly and maintain a more con...
Future Functions
•Policy makers use theories to provide succinct
explanation, evidence and solutions for a given
problem. ...
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Functions of theories

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Functions of theories

  1. 1. What are the Functions of Theories in Educational Administration?
  2. 2. • Educational administration is the field of study and practice concerned with the management of educational institutions. Positions in this field include principal, assistant principal, dean, program director and curriculum coordinator. For anyone involved in educational administration, theories provide an explanation of how things work, guide research and inform practice. Read more: http://www.ehow.com/list_7253649_functions- theories-educational-administration_.html#ixzz2ZT0uXs5Q
  3. 3. • Theories Most theories applied to educational administration originated elsewhere—mainly the business world. The most commonly applied theories come from the field of organizational theory, which originated with a focus on individuals and groups in an organization and how to increase their productivity. Later movements focused on the social and psychological needs of people in an organization as a way to help an organization meet its goals. Contemporary organizational theories have been developed that emphasize the need to balance the organization’s needs for productivity with the individual’s needs within an organization. More recent theories also account for the complexity of social groupings and communication in modern organizations, including schools and educational institutions. •
  4. 4. • Decision Making Theories can help leaders by giving them the benefit of different perspectives. Administrators can compare their observations against theories that have combined and synthesized the experiences of others. An educational leader limited by his interpretation of the facts of a given situation can use knowledge of theories to overcome this by gaining a broader perspective and re-examining available information in this context.
  5. 5. Predicting Behavior •Theories allow educational leaders to predict the outcome of their decisions. By examining relevant theories, an administrator has an idea of what reactions and outcomes to expect from certain actions or policies. The leader is then able to make a more informed decision that weighs the anticipated response or result. For example, a school leader may use the theory of planned behavior to decide if providing expensive professional development to a team of struggling teachers in the English department is likely to be worthwhile. The theory of planned behavior considers a person’s attitudes and perceived abilities to determine whether the person has an intention to engage in a specific behavior. The principal would consider his observations of the teachers’ attitudes and evidence of the teachers’ self-efficacy to gauge whether the teachers are likely to engage in the new teaching behaviors they would learn at the expensive training.
  6. 6. Organizational Control •Using theories as models, educational leaders can communicate more clearly and maintain a more consistent focus and message than if they were “playing by ear.” They can discuss the employees, work systems and objectives of their organization using unambiguous terminology. When an administrator refers to all the teachers, students, parents and community members of a campus as “stakeholders”, for example, she is using a term from stakeholder theory meant to also communicate the value the administrator places on these groups. Educational administrators use theories to mold their personal leadership and communication styles as well, benefitting from the expertise of others and affording them a model against which to continually compare themselves.
  7. 7. Future Functions •Policy makers use theories to provide succinct explanation, evidence and solutions for a given problem. Theories provide ideals or models on which to base initiatives. Additionally, when a theory doesn’t exist or is inadequate to address a question or problem, this serves researchers in educational administration by revealing needed areas of research.

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