Imperialism 1869-1914

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This slideshow covers the causes that led to Imperialism and the motives that led nations to colonize.

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Imperialism 1869-1914

  1. 1. IMPERIALISM 1869-1914
  2. 2. <ul><li>Imperialism – A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically and socially </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalism – Economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism – The belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation – that is, to the people with whom they share a culture and a history, rather than to a king or ruler. </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>• The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain in the mid-18 th century </li></ul><ul><li>• The spread of industrialization </li></ul>The Industrial Revolution
  4. 6. The Age of Imperialism, 1869-1914 Nationalism/Political Motives Europeans exerted influence over the economic, political, and social lives of people they colonized. Imperialism Missionary Spirit/ Cultural Motives Economic Competition Motives
  5. 7. Nationalism/ Political Motives
  6. 8. Nationalism/ Political Motives <ul><li>Competitition and Hypersensitivity about status </li></ul>
  7. 9. Nationalism/ Political Motives <ul><li>Prestige </li></ul>
  8. 10. Nationalism/ Political Motives <ul><li>People on the front lines making decisions that home governments have to support </li></ul>
  9. 11. Missionary Spirit/ Cultural Motives
  10. 12. Missionary Spirit/ Cultural Motives <ul><li>Christian Revival </li></ul>
  11. 13. Missionary Spirit/ Cultural Motives <ul><li>Thought Caucasians racially superior </li></ul><ul><li>Social Darwinism </li></ul>
  12. 14. Missionary Spirit/ Cultural Motives <ul><li>First interested explorers, clergy, and businessmen but spreads to others </li></ul>
  13. 15. Economic Competition
  14. 16. Economic Competition <ul><li>Industrialization stimulated demand for raw materials </li></ul>
  15. 17. Economic Competition <ul><li>Create new markets for products </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap Labor </li></ul>
  16. 18. Tools of the Imperialists
  17. 19. Domination of the Oceans: Steamships
  18. 20. The Suez Canal
  19. 21. Submarine Telegraph Cables
  20. 22. Advances in Weapons <ul><li>Gunboats </li></ul><ul><li>Muskets </li></ul><ul><li>Breechloaders </li></ul><ul><li>Smokeless Powder </li></ul><ul><li>Repeating Rifles </li></ul><ul><li>Machine Guns </li></ul>
  21. 24. The Age of Imperialism, 1869-1914 Europeans control land and people in areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Colonization Christianity is spread to Africa, India, and Asia. Christianization Europeans control trade in the colonies and set up dependent cash-crop economies. Colonial Economics Effects Europeans exerted influence over the economic, political, and social lives of people they colonized. Imperialism

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