Literature review


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Literature review

  1. 1. Literature Review<br />Wiki / Collaborative Knowledge / Higher Education<br />
  2. 2. Wikis in Education<br />Wikis are convenient tools for collaboration, collection and reflection (Ebner et al, 2008).<br />They are considered a tool that facilitate collaborative finding, shaping, and sharing of knowledge (Reinhold, 2006).<br />For assembling a syllabus, for collaboration on projects, annotated bibliography, group authoring, or a knowledge base (Duffy, 2006).<br />Wikis are an interesting tool for enhancing social constructivist learning environments (Nordin & Klobas, 2009).<br />They are people-centred tools that can impact knowledge management (Brereton, Donovan, & Viller, 2003).<br />Wikis can support knowledge creation and sharing within both the corporate and the academic environment (Lamb, 2004; Leuf & Cunningham, 2001; Wagner, 2004).<br />
  3. 3. Why Wikis are Used?<br />Ease to use, low cost, easy to learn how to use, and quick to create new contents.<br />(Jaksch, Kepp & Womser-Hacker, 2008)<br />Focus remains on the contents rather than on the software.<br />Everyone has direct access.<br />Anyone can edit or add the contents at any time.<br />(Educause Learning Initiative, 2008)<br />Facilitates writing as a process rather than a product.<br />(Guth, 2007)<br />
  4. 4. Strengths of Wikis<br />Enhance teaching information literacy through ability to locate, manage, critically evaluate.<br />Use information for problem solving, research, decision making, and continued professional development. <br />(Orr, Appleton & Wallin, 2001)<br />Reviewing critically the peers’ contributions improves the quality of content.<br />(Taylor, 2006)<br />The perspective of writing for a wider audience promotes collective authoring, which stimulates a critically peer editing.<br />(Guth, 2007)<br />Wikis allow its users to develop knowledge actively and collaboratively.<br />(Jaksch, Kepp & Womser-Hacker, 2008)<br />
  5. 5. Challenges in Using Wikis<br />How to track students’ work?<br />How to deal with intellectual property and the lack of references?<br />(Lamb, 2004)<br />How to deal with changes in the contents?<br />How to take credit for an individual student?<br />(Farkas, 2006)<br />How to motivate students’ participation?<br />(Cubric, 2007)<br />
  6. 6. References<br />Cubric, M. (2007). Wiki-based process framework for blended learning. In: Proceedings of the 2007 international symposium on Wikis. pp. 11—24. New York ACM Press. <br />Duffy. P., Bruns. A. (2006). The use of blogs, wikis and RSS in education: a conversation of possibilities. In: Proceedings Online Learning and Teaching Conference. Brisbane. pp. 31— 38. <br />Ebner. M.. Kickmeier-Rust. M., Holzinger. A. (2008). Utilizing wiki-systems in higher education classes: a chance for universal access? In: Universal Access in the lnformation Society. Berlin: Springer. <br />Educause Learning Initiative: 7 things you should know about wikis (last access: 2010-11-30).<br />Farkas. M.G. (2006) . Social software in libraries: building collaboration, communication and community online. Medford: Information Today Inc.. <br />Guth. S. (2007). Wikis in education: is public better? In: Proceedings of the 2007 international Symposium on Wikis. pp. 61—68. New York: ACM Press. <br />Jadin. T. (2007). Social software for learning collaboration. In Batinic, B., Koller. A., Sikora, H. (eds.) E-Learning. digitalemedien und lebenslangesLernen (Schriftenreihe E-Learning), Traurier, Lint, pp. 23—35.<br />Lamb, B. (2004). Wide open spaces: wikis, ready or not. Educause Review Magazine 39(5), 36—48.<br />Reinhold. S.W.(2006). Augmenting wiki structure for collaborative. Interdisciplinary learning. In: Proceedings of the 2006 international symposium on Wikis. pp. 47—58. New York: ACM. <br />Walker, J. (2003). Final Version of weblog definition. JILL/Ext. June 28 (last access 2010- 11-29).<br />