Pakistan:Earthquake reconstruction and rehabilitation program Natalya Turkina Tariq Aziz Dmitriy Pustovalov 24.02.2012
AgendaPart 1• Intro of the country• History of foreign aids to PakistanPart 2• Introduction of the project (background)• Project in details• Introduction of donorsPart 3• Achievements of the Educational project• General results and lessons from the program
Part 1: Introduction of Pakistan• Islamic Republic of Pakistan – is a sovereign country which is bordered with India, Afghanistan, Iran and China.• Strategically located at the crossroads of the important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and Middle East.• Rapidly developing country with the second largest economy in South Asia.• FDI’s have been made mostly in telecommunication, real estate and energy.
EARTHQUAKE RECONSTRUCTION AND REHABILITATION PROGRAM IN PAKISTAN• 2006 – to – 2011 (ERRA)• 20 Billion USD• Multiple private and public donor organizations (5.2 Billion USD)• Cluster Approach for Relief and Development
EARTHQUAKE RECONSTRUCTION AND REHABILITATION PROGRAM IN PAKISTANCluster Approach Priority Sectors• Direct Outreach: Rural housing, livelihoods • Governance and cash grants, and social protection. Interventions in these sectors assist the • Education affected population directly through housing • Health design, cash, loans, training, and other • Rural Housing activities.• Social services: Education, health, and water • Water & Sen and sanitation. Services provided under these • Transport sectors, focus not only on physical facilities, but also on the quality of service delivery. • Power• Public Infrastructure: Governance, transport, • Urban Development power, and telecommunication. These aim to • Social Protection put in place high-quality, seismically-safe public infrastructure to facilitate resumption • Livelihood of government departments, and • Gender reinstatement of power, transportation, and communication in the affected areas. • MRDEA
EDUCATION SECTORSector Details Donors and Sponsors
Part 3: Achievements of the Educational ProjectStatus Dec 2008 Feb 2010 Dec 2010 June 2011Completed 215 1105 1581 2007Under 1716 2189 2439 2192constructionTendering 1881 - 1455 1374Designing 1538 2508 296 209Total 5350 5802 5771 5782Source: Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority: Annual Review 2010-2011
Achievements of the Educational Project AFTER BEFORE
General results and lessons from the program• Progress has been done in various social interventions while work was held on over 13,000 projects.• In 2010 ERRA has achieved a rapid progress of 68.82 per cent compared to only 21 per cent progress rate in first 3 years, while maintaining transparency.• ERRA’s was “Build Back Better”: progress in comparison with the situation before the earthquake.• “Cluster approach”, which was a new and untried method in 2005, now is used as a model for global disaster management.
General results and lessons from the program• First steps towards a new approach of dealing with disasters: a reactive emergency response-> establishing National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC)• Higher standards of social and physical infrastructure->better social conditions and development of the local economy->higher levels of socio-economic development->higher standards of living and rapid reduction of poverty in the affected areas.
General results and lessons from the program “The successful large-scale organization of reconstruction efforts was identified as a unique example of synchronizing funds from differentsources, re-activating dormant building capacitiesand know-how, and utilization of resources of low opportunity costs, and thereby a very efficient reconstruction to a major disaster.” United Nations Sasakawa Award, 2011 Jury