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Skills not Silos!
Open Data as OER
#oer16 #ODasOER
OER16 edinburgh
19-20 april 2016
Leo Havemann
Birkbeck, University of London
@leohavemann
Javiera Atenas
University College London
@jatenas @okfnedu
Opening up in Education
In education we have seen the rise of parallel open
or ‘opening’ movements around:
• Learning and teaching: open educational
resources and open delivery models (from OCW
to OER, Open Textbooks, and lately, MOOCs)
• Research: open access (OA) to research
publications (shaking up traditional publishing
models and also driving emergence of open peer
review models)
• Data: open access to government and research
data (OD)
Which has brought us to a brave new world….
of the ‘Open Silos’
By Leaflet (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
No Interaction!
Parallel Open Movements
Open Silos
Data
Education
Research
Education
OER
ROERs
Open Textbooks
MOOCs
OCW
Research
Open Science
Open Data
Open Access
Open Peer-
Review
Open Trials
Data
Open Gov Data
Open Research
Data
Civil Society
Transparency
and corruption
Big Data (not
open)
Open
Education
OEP
Open
Licenses
Open
Textbooks
OER
Open
Source
Open
Access
Papers
ROER
Open
Data
Open
Courses
Thinking about Open Data - through an
Open Education Lens
The illusion of access promoted by
computers provokes a confusion between
the presentation of information and the
capacity to use, sort and interpret it.
(Brabazon, 2001)
Thinking about Open Data - through an
Open Education Lens
...as with the earlier discussion concerning
the “digital divide” there would, in this
context, appear to be some confusion
between movements to enhance citizen
“access” to data and the related issues
concerning enhancing citizen “use” of this
data as part, for example, of interventions
concerning public policies and programs.
(Gurstein, 2011)
Open Data: the Open Definition
• Availability and Access: the data must be available
as a whole and at no more than a reasonable
reproduction cost
• Re-use and Redistribution: the data must be
provided under terms that permit re-use and
redistribution including the intermixing with other
datasets.
• Universal Participation: everyone must be able to
use, re-use and redistribute - there should be no
discrimination against fields of endeavour or against
persons or groups.
Where does OD come from?
• International agencies and organisations
• Word Bank ; United Nations ; EU
• National Governments and their agencies
• UKOD; GermanyOD; USA
• Local governments
• Sardinia ; London; Barcelona
• Non-governmental organisations
• ODI; Monithon
• Academic institutions and research centres
Open Data for developing
‘transversal skills’
• Students construct knowledge by critically
analysing information from various sources
and formats, including data.
• Being capable of analysing and interpreting
raw data can be key to the development of
transversal skills, which are defined by
UNESCO as “critical and innovative thinking,
inter-personal skills; intra-personal skills, and
global citizenship”.
Skills and social participation
• If one of our goals as educators is to
develop transversal skills in students,
towards enabling them to function as
citizens and to actively participate in the
discourse and debates of society, then we
propose that Open Data can play a key
role.
Open Education for social
participation
Open Education
OER
Open
Textbooks
Open
Courses
Open
Repositories
Open Science
Open Data
Open
Access
Papers
Relationship with society
Critical Thinking Social Engagement
Using Open Data as OER
Embedding OD in T&L activities
• Identify and describe the learning outcomes for
the intended activities;
• Identify the portals which will source the data;
• Clearly identify and describe the challenges
students might face;
• Provide training materials for the software
students will need to analyse the data;
• Support students in communicating their findings
to local or wider communities.
Open Data activities in T&L
• Focus: define the research problems and
its relation to the environment students.
• Practicality: match technical applications
and practices to expected solutions.
• Expectations: set realistic expectations for
data analysis.
• Direction: support in finding data portals
which contain appropriate information.
• Training: provide training materials for the
software students will need to analyse the
data.
• Location: use global, local and scientific
data which is as granular as possible.
Open Data activities in T&L
• Modelling: develop model solutions to
guide students on the challenges and
activities.
• Collaboration: support students to work
collaboratively and at multidisciplinary
level.
• Communication: support students in
communicating their findings to local or
wider communities
Open Data activities in T&L
All citizens should have equal opportunities and
multiple channels to access information, be
consulted and participate. Every reasonable effort
should be made to engage with as wide a variety
of people as possible
(OECD, 2009, p.17).
To learn more about OD and
Open Education
• Open Definition: http://opendefinition.org
• Open Data Handbook: http://opendatahandbook.org
• Open Education
Handbook:http://education.okfn.org/handbook/
• A Scuola di OpenCoesione:
http://www.ascuoladiopencoesione.it/
• School of Data: http://schoolofdata.org/
• Data Literacies
Research:http://schoolofdata.org/2016/01/08/our-data-
literacy-research-findings/
To learn more about OD and
Open Education
• Open Data as OER post:http://education.okfn.org/the-
21st-centurys-raw-material-using-open-data-as-open-
educational-resources/
• OD as OER – case
studies:http://education.okfn.org/open-data-as-open-
educational-resources-case-studies-of-emerging-
practice/
• Open Data as OER
paper:http://www.openpraxis.org/index.php/OpenPraxis/
article/view/233

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OER16 - Skills not Silos - Open Data as OER

  • 1. Skills not Silos! Open Data as OER #oer16 #ODasOER OER16 edinburgh 19-20 april 2016 Leo Havemann Birkbeck, University of London @leohavemann Javiera Atenas University College London @jatenas @okfnedu
  • 2. Opening up in Education In education we have seen the rise of parallel open or ‘opening’ movements around: • Learning and teaching: open educational resources and open delivery models (from OCW to OER, Open Textbooks, and lately, MOOCs) • Research: open access (OA) to research publications (shaking up traditional publishing models and also driving emergence of open peer review models) • Data: open access to government and research data (OD) Which has brought us to a brave new world….
  • 3. of the ‘Open Silos’ By Leaflet (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
  • 5. Parallel Open Movements Open Silos Data Education Research
  • 7. Research Open Science Open Data Open Access Open Peer- Review Open Trials
  • 8. Data Open Gov Data Open Research Data Civil Society Transparency and corruption Big Data (not open)
  • 10. Thinking about Open Data - through an Open Education Lens The illusion of access promoted by computers provokes a confusion between the presentation of information and the capacity to use, sort and interpret it. (Brabazon, 2001)
  • 11. Thinking about Open Data - through an Open Education Lens ...as with the earlier discussion concerning the “digital divide” there would, in this context, appear to be some confusion between movements to enhance citizen “access” to data and the related issues concerning enhancing citizen “use” of this data as part, for example, of interventions concerning public policies and programs. (Gurstein, 2011)
  • 12. Open Data: the Open Definition • Availability and Access: the data must be available as a whole and at no more than a reasonable reproduction cost • Re-use and Redistribution: the data must be provided under terms that permit re-use and redistribution including the intermixing with other datasets. • Universal Participation: everyone must be able to use, re-use and redistribute - there should be no discrimination against fields of endeavour or against persons or groups.
  • 13. Where does OD come from? • International agencies and organisations • Word Bank ; United Nations ; EU • National Governments and their agencies • UKOD; GermanyOD; USA • Local governments • Sardinia ; London; Barcelona • Non-governmental organisations • ODI; Monithon • Academic institutions and research centres
  • 14. Open Data for developing ‘transversal skills’ • Students construct knowledge by critically analysing information from various sources and formats, including data. • Being capable of analysing and interpreting raw data can be key to the development of transversal skills, which are defined by UNESCO as “critical and innovative thinking, inter-personal skills; intra-personal skills, and global citizenship”.
  • 15. Skills and social participation • If one of our goals as educators is to develop transversal skills in students, towards enabling them to function as citizens and to actively participate in the discourse and debates of society, then we propose that Open Data can play a key role.
  • 16. Open Education for social participation Open Education OER Open Textbooks Open Courses Open Repositories Open Science Open Data Open Access Papers Relationship with society Critical Thinking Social Engagement
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  • 20. Using Open Data as OER
  • 21. Embedding OD in T&L activities • Identify and describe the learning outcomes for the intended activities; • Identify the portals which will source the data; • Clearly identify and describe the challenges students might face; • Provide training materials for the software students will need to analyse the data; • Support students in communicating their findings to local or wider communities.
  • 22. Open Data activities in T&L • Focus: define the research problems and its relation to the environment students. • Practicality: match technical applications and practices to expected solutions. • Expectations: set realistic expectations for data analysis.
  • 23. • Direction: support in finding data portals which contain appropriate information. • Training: provide training materials for the software students will need to analyse the data. • Location: use global, local and scientific data which is as granular as possible. Open Data activities in T&L
  • 24. • Modelling: develop model solutions to guide students on the challenges and activities. • Collaboration: support students to work collaboratively and at multidisciplinary level. • Communication: support students in communicating their findings to local or wider communities Open Data activities in T&L
  • 25. All citizens should have equal opportunities and multiple channels to access information, be consulted and participate. Every reasonable effort should be made to engage with as wide a variety of people as possible (OECD, 2009, p.17).
  • 26. To learn more about OD and Open Education • Open Definition: http://opendefinition.org • Open Data Handbook: http://opendatahandbook.org • Open Education Handbook:http://education.okfn.org/handbook/ • A Scuola di OpenCoesione: http://www.ascuoladiopencoesione.it/ • School of Data: http://schoolofdata.org/ • Data Literacies Research:http://schoolofdata.org/2016/01/08/our-data- literacy-research-findings/
  • 27. To learn more about OD and Open Education • Open Data as OER post:http://education.okfn.org/the- 21st-centurys-raw-material-using-open-data-as-open- educational-resources/ • OD as OER – case studies:http://education.okfn.org/open-data-as-open- educational-resources-case-studies-of-emerging- practice/ • Open Data as OER paper:http://www.openpraxis.org/index.php/OpenPraxis/ article/view/233