Operation Ezra and Nehemiah (Ali 
Baba)  The exodus of over 120,000 Jews from Iraq to Israel (c. 1950, 1951) 
 The name ...
Timeline 
Early 1940s • Anti-Semitic propaganda, esp. anti-Zionist propaganda incites feelings of anger 
against the Jews ...
The Importance of Operation Ezra and 
Nehemiah 
 The biggest modern exodus 
 What’re the implications for Israel? 
 Wha...
How is Operation Ezra and Nehemiah 
relevant? 
 It is a product of nationalism 
 Provides insight on currents issues / r...
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Operation ezra and nehemiah (ali baba)

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Operation ezra and nehemiah (ali baba)

  1. 1. Operation Ezra and Nehemiah (Ali Baba)  The exodus of over 120,000 Jews from Iraq to Israel (c. 1950, 1951)  The name of the operation is derived from the biblical story about Ezra and Nehemiah
  2. 2. Timeline Early 1940s • Anti-Semitic propaganda, esp. anti-Zionist propaganda incites feelings of anger against the Jews of Iraq 1947 • The Iraqi government makes emigration to Mandatory Palestine (Israel) illegal 1948 • The Jewish State, Israel is established. In response, the Iraqi government deems Zionism a capital offense. 1949 • Jewish persecution reaches an all time high (many Jews are falsely accused of Zionist ties, and membership) 1950 • The Iraqi government passes a special bill allowing Iraqi Jews to emigrate. (2) In September of that year, Nuri Al-Said becomes prime minister of Iraq … his agenda is blatant: to get as many Jews out of Iraq as possible. 1951 • The Iraqi government (under Nuri Al-Said) organizes an airlift operation. Nuri Al-Said encourages Iraqi Jews to leave, or he will “bring them to the borders himself.” (2) 50,000 Iraqi Jews sign up within the first month, and 90,000 within the next two. The Iraqi Zionist movement calls for Jews to sign-up … and the numbers continue to grow. (3) Between May 1951 and early 1952, over 120,000 Iraqi Jews are airlifted to Israel. Only 6,000 Jews remained in Iraq …
  3. 3. The Importance of Operation Ezra and Nehemiah  The biggest modern exodus  What’re the implications for Israel?  What’re Implications for Iraq’s remaining Jews?
  4. 4. How is Operation Ezra and Nehemiah relevant?  It is a product of nationalism  Provides insight on currents issues / relationships

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